Saturday, June 24, 2017

Singleton recounts 33 years of exploring Monroe County's historic sites

George Buster Singleton
(For decades, local historian and paranormal investigator George “Buster” Singleton published a weekly newspaper column called “Somewhere in Time.” The column below, which was titled “First 33 years recalled” was originally published in the June 26, 1997 edition of The Monroe Journal in Monroeville, Ala.)

Saturday, the 28th day of June, will mark my 33rd anniversary in the county of Monroe. As I approach this coming date, I recall many events and happenings I have experienced during my stay here. I also remember several dear friends who have made my stay in the area much more enjoyable and interesting. Shortly after my arrival in the county, I was most fortunate to become friends with people like Mr. Raymond Fountain, Mr. Tom Snyder, Mr. Oscar Wiggins and Mrs. Louise “Lou” Cooper. Mrs. Cooper, now deceased, lived to be over 107 years old. Although she had lost her eyesight, she was ever alert and had an excellent memory.

Mrs. Cooper was hidden in a trunk when she and her parents returned to the town of Claiborne in 1863. Her parents had orders to leave her in Mobile because of the smallpox epidemic. So, not wanting to leave their only child, they hid her in a trunk and managed to come ashore at Claiborne Landing without the child being discovered. Fearing that their child might not be alive when they opened the trunk, the story goes that she was lying quietly, sucking her thumb after the trip upriver without any food. Many hours were spent talking to this dear lady and reliving her memories of the bygone days. These stories will live within my mind and hopefully I will be able to pass them onto others in times to come.

Much of the Indian history was passed on to me by my dear friend Uncle Tom Snyder. He knew all the locations of the discarded and forgotten burial grounds around the area. I asked my friend if he would go with me and spend one night in the Indian holy ground so we might witness the strange goings on that had been reported seen and heard there. His answer was “Heck no, Mr. Singleton. I’m getting too darn old to get scared out of my wits and run against a tree and hurt myself.” But, he showed me many historic places in the area that are unknown to most, but that I will always remember.

My authority for the area around Burnt Corn and the Pine Orchard area was Mr. Milford Champion. He knew every inch of that area and all that had taken place there since the area was settled. He, too, knew the locations of all the old burial grounds and the forgotten homeplaces. He knew the stories that took place there in the grown-up timbers and thickets where the old homes of the past once were located. He also had an excellent memory of early Indian history of that area. He proved to me beyond a shadow of doubt that the famed Indian town of Maubila was located in the area of Pine Orchard. All the evidence needed to prove this fact was later destroyed by a logging firm a few years back. Milford Champion was a great local historian; too bad his knowledge of local history wasn’t recorded.

Mr. Oscar Wiggins knew every rock and stump around the old Red Hills community. We spent many hours wandering here and there in the area, hearing each story, time and again of the old families and their ways of earning a living. Never did we go into the Red Hills area without a visit to the old cemetery where Mr. Oscar’s ancestors now sleep. Always, the story was of his ancestor who first settled there in the area. He took great pride of his ancestor who wore the uniform of the Confederacy. I never grew tired of his stories and of him showing me to locations of the old homesites of the past settlers. We would always try to go by the old Wiggins homeplace and sit and talk for a while. I remember one day we found an old handmade brick that had been a part of the ancient chimney of the family house. He wanted to break it in half and give me one half of it. I told him that I had rather he keep it all because of his ancestors. He wouldn’t have been any happier if he had found a nugget of gold. Each time I return to the Red Hills area, I think of my friend, Oscar Wiggins, and if time permits, I visit the old homesite and the graves of his ancestors.

My friend, Mr. Raymond Fountain, more than likely, had a greater knowledge of the whole county and surrounding area than anyone I have known since my stay in the area. Countless hours we would spend, roaming the area, both day and night, and visiting the locations where ghostly sightings and other happenings is said to have been witnessed there. We walked the road and crossed the bridge where the ghost of the Rebel solider is said to have camped under. The story of Nancy Mountain was first told to me by my dear friend. He also helped me investigate the mystery light in the Franklin area. The area of Bradley Ridge and the old cemeteries (now destroyed) were shown to me by my dear friend. He never seemed to grow tired of visiting again these locations and retelling the stories of the ghostly happenings that took place there. Next to fox hunting, I believe this was his second greatest pastime.

He knew the country; he, like myself couldn’t wait to return again to the old forgotten places; forgotten except for a very few who are fast departing this life. And, somewhere beyond the sunset, I’m sure Mr. Raymond is sitting on a hill, listening to his favorite foxhounds with names like Old Blue or Yellow Boy or the many others that he has known.

Yes, my stay in the area of Monroe County has been a very interesting and exciting one. I have come to know many good people of the area. I have gained many good friends here So, I end this article saying that I hope that the next 33 years will be as good as the last.


(Singleton, the author of the 1991 book “Of Foxfire and Phantom Soldiers,” passed away at the age of 79 on July 19, 2007. A longtime resident of Monroeville, he was born on Dec. 14, 1927 in Marengo County, graduated from Sweet Water High School, served in the Korean War, lived for a time among Apache Indians, moved to Monroe County on June 28, 1964 and served as the administrator of the Monroeville National Guard unit from 1964 to 1987. For years, Singleton’s column “Somewhere in Time” appeared in The Monroe Journal, and he wrote a lengthy series of articles about Monroe County that appeared in Alabama Life magazine. Some of his earlier columns also appeared under the heading of “Monroe County History: Did You Know?” He is buried in Pineville Cemetery in Monroeville. The column above and all of Singleton’s other columns are available to the public through the microfilm records at the Monroe County Public Library in Monroeville. Singleton’s columns are presented here each week for research and scholarship purposes and as part of an effort to keep his work and memory alive.)

'WALK TO MORDOR' UPDATE: 1,306 miles down and 493 miles to go

I continued my (virtual) “Walk to Mordor” during the past week by logging 10 more miles since my last update. I walked/jogged five miles on Friday and five more miles today (Saturday). So far, I’ve logged 1,306 total miles on this virtual trip to Mount Doom, and I’ve got 493 more miles to go before I reach Mordor. All in all, I’ve completed about 72.6 percent of the total trip.

 

In relation to Frodo’s overall journey to destroy the One Ring at Mount Doom in Mordor, I’m on the tenth day of the trip past Lothlorien, which is Feb. 25 on the Middle Earth calendar. I left off my last update on Mile 1296, which was three miles past the point where Frodo’s group, the Fellowship of the Ring, rested in their boats and ate before paddling on.

 

Ten miles later, at Mile 1306, Aragorn leads the group toward the west bank of the river. The next significant milestone comes three miles later and it’s one of the most significant milestones on the entire trip. Three miles later, the group will reach the lawn of Parth Galen below Amon Hen, and the group decides to camp there.

 

The next day, the Fellowship breaks apart, which is how the first book of the trilogy, “The Fellowship of the Ring,” ends. At that point, Frodo (and me) will have traveled a total of 1,309 miles from Bag End to Rauros Falls.

 

For those of you reading this for the first time, I began this “Walk to Mordor” fitness challenge on Jan. 1, 2015. Using a book called “The Atlas of Middle-Earth” by Karen Wynn Fonstad, fans of “The Lord of the Rings” created this challenge by mapping out Frodo’s fictional trek to Mordor, calculating the total distance at 1,799 miles. They also used the original "Lord of the Rings" text to outline the journey, so you can follow their route by keeping up with your total mileage.

 

The folks who worked out the nuts and bolts of this virtual journey have divided it into four parts. It’s 458 miles from Hobbiton to Rivendell, 462 miles from Rivendell through Moria to Lothlorien, 389 miles from Lothlorien down the Anduin to Rauros Falls and 470 miles from Rauros to Mount Doom. (Those locations should sound very familiar to “Lord of the Rings” fans.) The hobbits averaged 18 miles a day, but if you walk (or jog, as I sometimes do) five miles a day, it’s possible to cover 1,799 miles in a year.

 

If you’re interested in learning more about the “Walk to Mordor Challenge,” I suggest you check out two Web sites, http://www.nerdfitness.com/blog/2012/07/23/walking/ and http://home.insightbb.com/~eowynchallenge/. Both of these sites provide a ton of details about the challenge, including how to get started.

 


In the end, check back next Friday for another update and to see how much closer I am to Mordor. I hope to knock out at least 10 more miles next week, and I’ll include all that in my update next week.

Today in History for June 24, 2017

John Hosea King
June 24, 1314 – During the First War of Scottish Independence, the Battle of Bannockburn concluded with a decisive victory by Scottish forces led by Robert the Bruce, though England did not recognize Scottish independence until 1328 with the signing of the Treaty of Edinburgh–Northampton.


June 24, 1374 – A sudden outbreak of St. John's Dance caused people in the streets of Aachen, Germany to experience hallucinations and begin to jump and twitch uncontrollably until they collapsed from exhaustion. This outbreak of dancing plague or dancing mania is also known as St. Vitus’ Dance. Scientists tend to believe it was due to ergot poisoning or mass hysteria.

June 24, 1497 – Italian explorer John Cabot, sailing in the service of England, landed in North America at Newfoundland leading the first European exploration of the region since the Vikings.

June 24, 1542 – Mystic and poet St. John of the Cross was born in Hontiveros, Spain and is the patron saint of mystics, contemplatives and Spanish poets.

June 24, 1597 – The first Dutch voyage to the East Indies reached Bantam (on Java).

June 24, 1604 – Samuel de Champlain discovered the mouth of the Saint John River, site of Reversing Falls and the present-day city of Saint John, New Brunswick, Canada.

June 24, 1664 - New Jersey, named after the Isle of Jersey, was founded.

June 24, 1717 – The Premier Grand Lodge of England, the first Masonic Grand Lodge in the world (now the United Grand Lodge of England), was founded in London.

June 24, 1777 – Scottish commander and Arctic explorer John Ross was born in Inch, Wigtownshire, Scotland.

June 24, 1778 - The Continental Congress returned to Philadelphia. They had been in York, Pa. during the British occupation of Philadelphia.

June 24, 1779 – During the American Revolutionary War, the Great Siege of Gibraltar began.

June 24, 1803 - Matthew Thornton, one of New Hampshire’s delegates to the second Continental Congress and an ex post facto signer of the Declaration of Independence, died at age 89 while visiting his daughter in Newburyport, Mass.

June 24, 1831 - Alabama author Rebecca Harding Davis was born in Washington, Pa.

June 24, 1842 – Journalist, satirist and short-story writer Ambrose Bierce, nicknamed “Bitter Bierce,” was born near Horse Cave Creek in Meigs County, Ohio. He wrote essays, journalism, and satire, and he’s well known for his short stories, especially “An Occurrence at Owl Creek Bridge” (1890) and “The Devil’s Dictionary” (1906). He volunteered for the Union Army when the Civil War broke out and fought in some of its bloodiest battles.

June 24, 1861 - Federal gunboats attacked Confederate batteries at Mathias Point, Va.

June 24, 1861 – During the Civil War, a skirmish was fought at Jackson, Missouri.

June 24, 1862 - U.S. President Abraham Lincoln met with retired General Winfield Scott at West Point, N.Y. to discuss Union strategy in Virginia. Scott was a hero of the Mexican War and the commander of all Union forces at the outbreak of the Civil War.

June 24, 1862 – During the Civil War, Federal reconnaissance was conducted from Washington to Tranter’s Creek, N.C. Skirmishes were also fought on Hamilton’s Plantation, near Grand Gulf, Miss. and at Mechanicsville, Virginia

June 24, 1863 – During the Civil War, skirmishes were fought at Mound Plantation, near lake Providence, Bayou Boeuf, and Chacahoula Station in Louisiana; and at Middleton, Big Springs Ranch, Christina, Hoover’s Gap and Liberty Gap in Tennessee.

June 24, 1863 – During the Civil War, the siege at Vicksburg, Miss. entered Day 37.

June 24, 1864 - Union commander Ambrose Burnside approved the plan for troops to dig a tunnel toward the Confederates at Petersburg, Va. with the intention of using gunpowder to blow a gap in the Rebel fortifications. The explosion was successfully set off on July 30.

June 24, 1864 – During the Civil War, skirmishes were fought at Allatoona and Spring Place, Ga.; at Roanoke Station, Va.; at Morganfield, Ky.; at Ashwood, Miss.; at Point Pleasant, La.; at Rancho Las Rinas, Texas; and along the Yellow River in Florida.

June 24, 1865 – During the Civil War, commercial restrictions were removed from states and territories west of the Mississippi River by President Johnson.

June 24, 1878 - The body of a man was found on this Monday lying in a grove in the suburbs of Pine Apple. The body, when found, presented a horrible and sickening sight. The head was split open and flies and maggots and buzzards had indeed made a loathsome and nauseating spectacle of the corpse. It had evidently laid there several days. The Monroe Journal later learned that another man had been arrested on suspicion of the murder, and when he was closely questioned, acknowledged to having committed the terrible crime. Cause, jealousy.

June 24, 1886 – The Monroe Journal reported that the following officers had been elected for Monroeville Masonic Lodge No. 153 for the ensuing year: S.H. Daily, Worshipful Master; T.L. Sowell, Senior Warden; W.W. McMillan, Junior Warden; D.J. Hatter, Treasurer; A.M. Leslie, Secretary; J.F. Fore, Senior Deacon; G.W. Salter, Junior Deacon; Isaac Andress, Tyler.

June 24, 1886 – The Monroe Journal reported that Dr. J.M. Wiggins of Lower Peach Tree visited his father that week.

June 24, 1895 – Heavyweight boxing champion Jack Dempsey, who was known as the “Manassa Mauler,” was born in Manassa, Colo. and went on to reign as the heavyweight champion from 1919 to 1926.

June 24, 1896 - Booker T. Washington, president of Tuskegee Institute, became the first African American to be awarded an honorary degree by Harvard University. Born into slavery in Virginia, Washington moved to Alabama in 1881 to open Tuskegee Normal School. He soon gained fame as an educational leader among black Americans, a fact which Harvard recognized with a Master of Arts degree.

June 24, 1896 – The Hon. Chas. L. Scott of Mount Pleasant visited Monroeville, Ala. on this Wednesday to attend the senatorial convention.

June 24, 1896 - Miss Willie Johnson of the River Ridge community was accidentally shot by her little brother Carlie on this Wednesday. He was carrying his rifle through the house and not knowing it was loaded, “handled it carelessly” and it went off and struck Willie in the neck, according to The Monroe Journal. She apparently eventually recovered from her wounds.

June 24, 1900 - Alabama author Zelda Fitzgerald was born in Montgomery, Ala.

June 24, 1903 – The Evergreen Courant reported that Robert Powell and wife of Montgomery, Ala., after spending several days fishing at Garland, had returned home.

June 24, 1903 – The Evergreen Courant reported that, at the regular communication of Greening Lodge No. 53, A.F.&A.M., the following officers were elected: H.A. Shields, Worshipful Master; J.T. Amos, Senior Warden; D.W. Powell, Junior Warden; M.W. Etheridge, Treasurer; Geo. W. Salter Jr., Secretary; Y.M. Long, Senior Deacon; E.E. Newton, Junior Deacon; J.H. Stamps, Tyler; H.L. Tucker and T.H. Millers, Stewards.

June 24, 1903 – The Evergreen Courant reported that, at a regular communication of Repton Lodge No. 575, the following officers were elected: Geo. W. Salter Sr., Worshipful Master; John S. Watson, Senior Warden; Wm. M. Newton, Junior Warden; Jas. E. Robinson, Treasurer; Chas. E. Kelly, Secretary; Andrew J. Straughn, Senior Deacon; Henry L. Dees, Junior Deacon; Geo. W. Lee, Tyler; James W. Langham, Wm. Williams, Stewards; and John W. Breedlove, Chaplain.

June 24, 1906 – A group of young people gathered at Rikard’s Mill on this Sunday to go boat riding, but they didn’t ride long after they found alligator tracks on the bank of the creek.

June 24, 1907 - Mizpah Lodge No. 667, F.A.&A.M., planned to celebrate St. John’s Day at Manistee on this day. A basket picnic dinner was to be served and visiting Masonic brethren were cordially welcomed. Citizens living within convenient distance were invited to attend with well-filled baskets.

June 24, 1907 – Thompson Hamilton (Hamp) Coker died at his home at Abbot in Conecuh County, four miles from the place he was born, at the age of 83 years. The deceased was at one time sheriff of Monroe County, and was held in esteem by those of our older citizens who knew him. Born on May 26, 1825 in Monroe County, he was buried in the Mount Pleasant Methodist Church Cemetery at Skinnerton. He was widely known throughout Southwest Alabama, having served as Monroe County Sheriff for four years, before moving to Evergreen.

June 24, 1908 – Former U.S. President Grover Cleveland died of a heart attack at the age of 71 in Princeton, N.J. He had served as President of the United States for two separate terms (1885-1889 and 1893-1897).

June 24, 1912 - The remains of Maggie Relfe Donaldson, who died on June 23 at her home in Montgomery, were brought and interred in Evergreen cemetery on this Monday afternoon. Deceased was a sister of W.C. Relfe of West Side. She was 52 years old and was survived by her husband and three children. Robert Relfe and Payne Robertson of Montgomery came down to the funeral of Donaldson on this Monday. Deceased was a sister of Relfe.

June 24, 1914 - The Monroeville, Ala. baseball team played Atmore and “as usual, came off victor, the score being four to three.”

June 24, 1915 – On this Wednesday morning, John Salter and Robert Watkins were arrested at a residence in Evergreen, Ala. They would later confess to the brutal murder of Martha Lassiter, the attempted murder of Wiley House and the robbery and burning of House’s residence near Burnt Corn on June 23, 2015.

June 24, 1915 - Young Oswald Boelcke, one of the earliest and best German fighter pilots of World War I, made the first operational flight of the Fokker Eindecker plane.

June 24, 1916 – Poet John Ciardi was born in Little Italy in Boston’s North End.

June 24, 1916 - John F. McKinley, postmaster at River Ridge, was shot and instantly killed on this Saturday night. McKinley had just arisen from the supper table and walked out on the porch at his home when, without warning, the fatal shot was fired from the darkness, evidently at close range, the entire charge of buckshot taking effect in the chest. McKinley died almost immediately. The alarm spread quickly over the community and a number of neighbors soon gathered but nothing was found to indicate the identity of the assassin. Sheriff Sawyer was notified of the crime and hastened to scene. Investigation was instituted and certain circumstances were discovered, casting strong suspicions upon certain individuals upon the strength of which several arrests were made. Among those taken into custody were William McKinley and Ed McKinley, father and son, the latter a young man about 20 years old and mail carrier on the star route between Tunnel Springs and Franklin. After remaining in jail several days, the McKinleys notified Solicitor McDuffie and associate prosecuting attorneys that they wished to make voluntary statements concerning the killing and the opportunity was given each of them to do so under oath. When brought before the Solicitor, Ed McKinley made a clean admission of the whole horrible affair, confessing circumstantially and in detail how he deliberately planned and executed the crime. The statement of the father, Wm. McKinley corroborated that of his son as regards a previous threat and an admission of guilt after the crime was committed. He stated that he endeavored to dissuade his son from the violent purpose and thought he had succeeded in doing so. It was not believed that the father had any criminal connection with the affair.

June 24, 1918 - Bob Long, J.D. Deming, C.P. Deming Jr., R.E. Salter and Henry McFarland attended the great Masonic Shriners ceremonial in Florala on this Monday, according to The Evergreen Courant.

June 24, 1922 - The American Professional Football Association took the name of the National Football League.

June 24, 1928 - Babe Ruth smashed out his 28th homerun of the year in the third inning of New York Yankees-Boston Red Sox game in New York on this Sunday. No one was on base. Russell was pitching for the Red Sox. The drive put Ruth 19 games, 15 days and four homeruns ahead of the pace he followed the previous year to establish a new season record of 60. Ruth hit his 28th and 29th homers in 1927 year in his 29th game on July 9, Ken Holloway of Detroit being victim. This Sunday’s game was Ruth’s 60th. On June 24 in 1927 he had only 24 homes runs to his credit.

June 24, 1928 - Judge M.M. Fountain left on this Sunday for Houston, Texas, where he planned to attend the Democratic Convention.

June 24, 1930 – Thomas Franklin “Frank” Rumbley, one of the older citizens in the Monroeville area, died on this Tuesday about noon at the age of 62. He was buried Wed., June 25, the service being in charge of the Masonic Lodge, of which Rumbley had been an honored member for a long time. Born on Aug. 2, 1867 in Alabama, he was buried in the Baptist Cemetery in Monroeville.

June 24, 1935 - Journalist Pete Hamill is born on this day in 1935 to Irish immigrants in Brooklyn. He is best known for his 1995 book, “A Drinking Life.”

June 24, 1937 – The Evergreen Courant reported that Col. Jim Walton of Meridian, Miss., the Secretary-Director of the General Sam Dale Historical Society, was in Conecuh County, Ala. that week, “checking records and unraveling the ancient history of Sam Dale and his connection with history of the county, especially the battle of Burnt Corn.”

June 24, 1937 – Baseball teams from Evergreen and Brewton were scheduled to play a doubleheader at Gantt Field in Evergreen, Ala. on this Thursday, starting at 2:30 p.m.

June 24, 1937 – Novelist Anita Desai was born in Mussoorie, India.

June 24, 1938 – Pieces of a meteor, estimated to have weighed 450 metric tons when it hit the Earth's atmosphere and exploded, land near Chicora, Pennsylvania.

June 24, 1938 – Major League Baseball first baseman Don Mincher was born in Huntsville, Ala. He would go on to play for the Washington Senators, the Minnesota Twins, the California Angels, the Seattle Pilots, the Oakland Athletics and the Texas Rangers.

June 24, 1939 - Mrs. A.C. Lee, Miss Nelle Lee and Edwin Lee attended the Sowell-McKinley wedding in Atmore on this Saturday.

June 24, 1939 – Poet Stephen Dunn was born in Forest Hills, N.Y. His poetry collection, “Different Hours,” won the Pulitzer Prize in 2001.

June 24, 1942 - John Hosea King, age 71, a well-known and respected farmer and Freemason, died at his home eight miles east of Evergreen at 1 a.m. on this Wednesday morning, following an illness of about two weeks. Deceased was a native and lifelong resident of the community in which he lived. He engaged in farming and sawmilling and was one of the leading citizens of his community. Born on Dec. 20, 1867, he was buried in the King Cemetery at Flat Rock.

June 24, 1947 - Pilot Kenneth Arnold reported seeing nine UFOs over Mount Rainier, Wash., which he described as like "saucers skipping over the water." His sighting was the first widely reported UFO sighting, kicked off the modern UFO era and led the press to coin the phrase 'flying saucers.'

June 24, 1948 – The Evergreen Courant reported that J. Cliff Harper had resigned his post as principal of Evergreen High School during the past week to accept the position of full time secretary of the Alabama High School Athletic Association. Harper was to assume his new duties on July 1 when he relieved Sellers Strough who had served in a part-time capacity as secretary for 25 years. This was a big step forward for the Alabama High School Athletic Association. This full-time post had long been needed to bring the state’s high school sports organization up to par with other states such as Texas, Georgia and New York. Harper and his staff of workers were to have offices in Montgomery. Strough was to work with Harper for the first month acquainting him with his new duties. Mr. and Mrs. Harper and Mr. and Mrs. Strough of Birmingham were attending the national meeting of the Executive Secretaries of the State Athletic Associations in Piquot Lake, Min. They were to be there for a week during which time rules, regulations, etc. for the next year would be discussed and voted on. Harper had served as principal at Evergreen High School for the previous two years. He was a native of Pineapple, Ala. and earned his A.B. at Birmingham Southern where he played end on the football team. After having coached two years at Sardis High School, Harper earned his M.S. at Auburn in 1939. He then served as principal and coach at Spring Garden High for four years and at Georgiana for one year before entering the Army. Harper entered the Army as a private and was separated from the service as a captain. While in the Army, he served as a director of athletics and physical training. Harper’s record at Evergreen High School had been outstanding. A firm believer in a strong athletic and physical training program, he organized an excellent intra-mural program at Evergreen High. He also set up and directed a summer recreation program for the City of Evergreen.

June 24, 1948 – The Evergreen Courant reported that Conecuh County Superintendent of Education H.G. Pate had announced that J.J. “Jack” Finklea, a former citizen of Evergreen, then living in Cuthbert, Ga., had accepted the position of principal of the Evergreen High School, succeeding J. Cliff Harper, who resigned the week before. Finklea, with his wife and two children, planned to move to Evergreen to assume his duties around July 15.

June 24, 1948 - The Evergreen Greenies were scheduled to play Booneville at McCullough on this Thursday. Their game in Evergreen on Sun., June 20, was rained out.

June 24, 1951 – On this Sunday afternoon in Conecuh Amateur League play, the Loree Dollies were scheduled to play the Paul Aces at Paul, Ala.

June 24, 1952 – In their first game of the season, Evergreen’s Junior American Legion baseball team lost to Andalusia, 8-7, in Andalusia, Ala. Evergreen pitcher Hugh Ellington struck out three, walked one and gave up six hits on the mound and led the team at the plate with two hits.

June 24, 1949 – The first television western, Hopalong Cassidy, was aired on NBC starring William Boyd.

June 24, 1954 – During the First Indochina War, at the Battle of Mang Yang Pass, Viet Minh troops belonging to the 803rd Regiment ambushed G.M. 100 of France in An Khê.

June 24, 1960 - At a meeting of the Monroe County Board of Education on this Friday, Joe Shelton Morris Jr. of Eutaw was named coach at J.U. Blacksher High School at Uriah, while Miss Elva Deitz of Montgomery was elected vocational home economics instructor at Beatrice High School.

June 24, 1962 – Greening Masonic Lodge No. 53 in Evergreen, Ala. was scheduled to install its newly elected officers during a regular meeting on this day.

June 24, 1962 - The New York Yankees beat the Detroit Tigers, 9-7, after 22 innings.

June 24, 1963 – In Evergreen Senior Baseball League action, the Tigers downed the Indians, 9-5, on this Monday night to strengthen their grip on first place, improving to 5-0 on the season. A triple by Jerry Johnson was the big hit of the Tigers’ seven-run first inning. Singles by Clint Ward, Jimmy Warren and Paul Deason helped put three tallies across the plate for the losers in the third. Wayne Pate was the winner on the hill although he was relieved in the fourth by Bubba Faulkner. Bill Snowden and Knud Nielsen were the Indian pitchers with Snowden taking the loss.

June 24, 1963 – In Evergreen Senior Baseball League action, the Braves whipped the Pirates, 5-2, on this Monday night to take over second place in the Senior League pennant race. Including this night’s win, the Braves record were 3-2 while the Bucs were 2-3. The Braves scored three runs in the first frame on only one hit, a single by Terry Coleman. Grover Jackson took the hill win, with Johnny Brown pitching the last inning for the victors. Chastain was the loser although Steve Baggett took over after two outs in the first inning. Brave shortstop Terry Coleman was injured when struck in the eye by a throw in the fourth inning. He was taken to the Conecuh County Hospital for examination.

June 24, 1968 - Jim Northrup of the Detroit Tigers tied a Major League Baseball record when he hit two grand slams in one game.

June 24, 1970 – Birmingham, Ala. native Lee May hit the last home run in the history of Cincinnati’s Crosley Field during the park’s final game. The game-winning shot came in the eighth inning off San Francisco Giants pitcher Juan Marichal.

June 24, 1970 - In an amendment offered by Senator Robert Dole (R-Kansas) to the Foreign Military Sales Act, the Senate voted 81 to 10 to repeal the Tonkin Gulf Resolution.

June 24, 1973 - Graham Martin was sworn in as Ambassador to South Vietnam, replacing Ellsworth Bunker, who had served in that position since April 1967.

June 24, 1974 - Lynyrd Skynyrd's "Sweet Home Alabama" was released.

June 24, 1975 - The Monroeville City Council on this Tuesday voted to accept preliminary plans for remodeling of the city hall and to advertise for bids on the work. Bids on renovation of the city hall were to be opened at 8:30 p.m. July 22. Bill Wiggins of Southern General Contractors, Inc. of Monroeville, who had helped design the renovation, said construction might take five or six months to complete.

June 24, 1976 – NFL running back and assistant coach Brock Olivo was born in St. Louis, Mo. He went on to play for Missouri and the Detroit Lions and also served as an assistant coach at Coastal Carolina and the Kansas City Chiefs.

June 24, 1979 - Bob Watson of the Houston Astros hit for the cycle against San Francisco. On Sept. 15, 1979, he became the first player to hit for the cycle in both leagues when he did it with the Boston Red Sox.

June 24, 1983 – The Evergreen Courant reported that the Conecuh County Sheriff’s Department, under Sheriff Edwin L. Booker, had seized 75 marijuana plants from a field in northeast Conecuh County, Ala., between McKenzie and Travis Bridge. The plants were six to 10 feet in height and had an estimated street value of $15,000. The marijuana was spotted from the air by a helicopter used by the Alabama Bureau of Investigation.

June 24, 1984 – The Blueberry Hill lounge on State Highway 59 between Uriah and Huxford in Monroe County was destroyed by fire on this Sunday. The building was already engulfed in flames at 12:30 p.m. when the Atmore Fire Department arrived with eight men and two trucks, according to Atmore Fire Chief Charles Rutherford. He said the fire was reported in Atmore at 12:15 p.m. by a neighbor.

June 24, 1993 - Yale University computer science professor David Gelernter was seriously injured while opening his mail when a padded envelope explodes in his hands. The attack just came two days after a University of California geneticist was injured by a similar bomb and was the latest in a string of bombings since 1978 that authorities believed to be related. In the aftermath of the attack on Gelernter, various federal departments established the UNABOM Task Force, which launched an intensive search for the so-called “Unabomber.”

June 24, 1997 – The U.S. Air Force issued a 231-page report, titled “The Roswell Report, Case Closed,” dismissing the long-standing claims of an alien spacecraft crash near Roswell, New Mexico in 1947. They suggested that recovered bodies were not those of aliens but crash test dummies used in parachute experiments.

June 24, 1997 – The 12-2 Braves were named the league champions on this Tuesday night as Evergreen Little League closed out the 1997 season. The members of the Braves were Jonathan Booth, Bryan Boykin, Pierre Evans, Robert Kent, Josh Macks, Anthony Maxwell, Jonathan Rodgers, Bryson Stallworth, Edward Thomas, Josh Watson and Josh Williams. The team’s coaches were Jackie Gorum, Ronnie Kent and Jerry Evers.

June 24, 1999 – The Monroe Journal reported that Excel’s Giants won the South Monroe Little League championship in the Major League division for the second straight season, recording a perfect 12-0 record that season. Team members included Trisha Smith, David Busby, Adam Smith, Brian House, Cade Jay, Bobby Farish, Coach Steve McInnis, Neal Butler, Kyle Dorriety, Blake White, Coach David Tuberville, Trent Dawson, Josh House, Coach Bruce White and Jerry Elliott.

June 24, 1999 – The Monroe Journal reported that the Monroeville Little League’s 11- and 12-year-old all-stars drew a first-round bye in the District 3 tournament in Bay Minette. The team was to play on Sun., July 4, at 5 p.m. against the winner of a game between Lowndes County and Bay Minette that was set to be played Sat., July 3, at 2 p.m. Members of Monroeville’s team included Terrell Armstrong, Charley Kirkland, Josh Lowery, Josh Goldman, Leterius Leggitte, Terrance Wiggins, Gecoby Penn, Watson Black, Anthony Stovall, Demetrius Harris, Terrell Richardson and Jeremy Rush. Coaches included James Harris, Marshall Gibbs and Wynesta Stanton.

June 24, 2003 - Barry Bonds of the San Francisco Giants became the first player to reach 500 home runs and 500 stolen bases.

June 24, 2005 – The first geocache ever established in Conecuh County was placed near the southbound rest stop on Interstate Highway 65, south of Evergreen, Ala.


June 24, 2013 - The pilot episode of "Under the Dome" aired.

Daily Rainfall Observations from SW Alabama for Sat., June 24, 2017

Rainfall (Past 24 Hours): 0.10 inches.

Week to Date Rainfall: 6.50 inches.

Month to Date Rainfall:  10.05 inches.

Spring to Date Rainfall: 29.55 inches.

Year to Date Rainfall: 50.05 inches.

Notes: Today is the 175th day of 2017 and the fourth day of Summer. There are 190 days left in the year.

Readings taken at 0700 hours Central Standard Time (1300 GMT) daily, just west of the Monroe-Conecuh County line and south of U.S. Highway 84, near Excel, Alabama, USA, in the vicinity of Lat 31.42834N Lon 87.30131W. Elevation 400 feet above sea level. CoCoRaHS Station No. AL-MN-4, Station Name: Excel 2.5 ESE.

Friday, June 23, 2017

Today in History for June 23, 2017

Grave of Lewis Lavon Peacock
June 23, 1611 – The mutinous crew of Henry Hudson's fourth voyage set Henry, his son and seven loyal crew members adrift in an open boat in what is now Hudson Bay. They are never heard from again.


June 23, 1775 – German adventurer and author Karl Ludwig von Pöllnitz died in Berlin.

June 23, 1776 - Off the coast of Charleston, South Carolina, British Commodore Sir Peter Parker notified General Sir Henry Clinton of his intention to land on the South Carolina mainland the next day.

June 23, 1780 – During the American Revolution, the Battle of Springfield was fought in and around Springfield, New Jersey (including Short Hills, formerly of Springfield, now of Millburn Township).

June 23, 1812 – During the War of 1812, Great Britain revoked the restrictions on American commerce, thus eliminating one of the chief reasons for going to war.

June 23, 1860 - The U.S. Secret Service was created to arrest counterfeiters.

June 23, 1861 – During the Civil War, a skirmish was fought at Righter, Va. and the USS Massachusetts captured four vessels in the Gulf of Mexico.

June 23, 1862 - Confederate General Robert E. Lee met with his corps commanders to plan an attack on General George McClellan's Army of the Potomac. Launched on June 26, the attack would break the stalemate of the Peninsular campaign in Virginia and trigger the Seven Days’ Battles.

June 23, 1862 - U.S. President Abraham Lincoln took a train from Washington to West Point, New York. The next day he called on Winfield Scott to discuss Union strategy in Virginia.

June 23, 1862 – During the Civil War, skirmishes were fought at Pineville and Raytown, Mo.; at New Kent Courthouse, Va.; and at Augusta, Ark.

June 23, 1863 - Union General William Rosecrans marched his troops out of their camp in Murfreesboro, Tenn., and the Federal Army of the Cumberland began the Tullahoma Campaign against the Confederate Army of Tennessee.

June 23, 1863 – During the Civil War, skirmishes were fought at Rover and Unionville, Tenn. and near Papinsville, Mo. The destruction of Sibley, Missouri also took place on this day.

June 23, 1863 – During the Civil War, Confederate forces overwhelmed a Union garrison at the Battle of Brasher City in Louisiana.

June 23, 1863 – During the Civil War, the siege at Vicksburg, Miss. entered Day 36.

June 23, 1864 – During the Civil War, combat occurred of Jones' Bridge, Va. Skirmishes were fought at Nottaway Court House, Cove Gap, and New Castle, Va.; and at Okolona, Miss.

June 23, 1865 – During the Civil War, at Fort Towson in the Oklahoma Territory, Confederate Brigadier General Stand Watie, who was also a Cherokee chief, surrendered the last sizable and significant rebel army following the Battle of Doaksville. Watie was the last Confederate general in the field to surrender.

June 23, 1866 – The first issue of The Monroe Journal newspaper was published in Claiborne, Ala. Z.D. Cottrell was the newspaper’s editor.

June 23, 1868 – The typewriter was patented on this day by Christopher Latham Sholes of Milwaukee, Wisc.

June 23, 1879 - A match game of baseball was played in Evergreen on this evening between the Greenville and Evergreen Baseball Clubs. The score resulted as follows: Evergreen 29, Greenville 16.

June 23, 1886 - A “little negro boy” was killed near Monroeville on this Wednesday by a falling tree, according to The Monroe Journal.

June 23, 1889 – Russian poet Anna Akhmatova was born Anna Andreyevna Gorenko near the Black Sea port of Odessa in Ukraine.

June 23, 1896 – On this Tuesday night, Jeff and Fayette Salter, who had been confined in the Conecuh County Jail for several months awaiting trial on a charge of murder, escaped. The combination on the cell door, for some cause, was not turned on as usual on Tuesday evening, and finding it unlocked, they managed to get the door open and climbed on top of the cage and prized the tin ceiling loose overhead, through which they reached the loft. They tore their blankets into strips and tied them together, by the means of which they made their escape from the building through a small aperture over the main door. Sheriff Irwin and his deputy, J.R. McCreary, at once began a search for the escaped prisoners, but up to June 25, no trace of them had been found. Sheriff Irwin offered a reward of $100 for their apprehension and detention.

June 23, 1907 - Elijah Gulsby died at his home near Peterman on this Sunday, after several weeks sickness with typhoid fever. W.L. Rikard and son, E.L., attended the burial of Gulsby near Peterman on this Sunday.

June 23, 1912 - Author Douglas Fields Bailey was born in Dothan, Ala.

June 23, 1912 – Mathematician and logician Alan Mathison Turing was born in London, England.

June 23, 1915 – The Evergreen Courant reported that the following slate of new officers had been elected at Greening Masonic Lodge, No. 53, in Evergreen, Ala.: J.T. Amos, Worshipful Master; T.B. McDonald, Senior Warden; Byron Tisdale, Junior Warden; H.H. Floyd, Treasurer; J.A. Smith, Secretary; J.W. Hagood, Senior Deacon; L.J. Mixon, Junior Deacon; F.N. Hawkins, Tyler; H.L. Tucker and S.L. Tisdale, Stewards; G.E. Mize, Chaplain; E.C. Barnes, Marshal.

June 23, 1915 – The Evergreen Courant reported that the following slate of new officers had been elected at Sepulga Masonic Lodge No. 233: Jese A. Jones, Worshipful Master; S.S. Kendrick, Senior Warden; W.T. McCrory, Junior Warden; J.E. Dean, Treasurer; T.A. Jones, Secretary; J.T. Salter, Senior Deacon; E.O. Mixon, Junior Deacon; C.C. Lane and C.A. Sims, Stewards; C.G. Middleton, Tyler; F.M. Fletcher, Chaplain.

June 23, 1915 – “One of the foulest and most horrible crimes ever committed” in Conecuh County, Ala. occurred on this Wednesday night when John Salter and Robert Watkins murdered Martha Lassiter and tried to rob and murder Wiley House. They also burned House’s home near Burnt Corn to hide their crime, which they confessed to on June 26.

June 23, 1915 - Exactly one month after Italy declared war on Austria-Hungary, the Italian army attacked Austro-Hungarian positions near the Isonzo River, in the eastern section of the Italian front; it would become the first of twelve Battles of the Isonzo fought during World War I.

June 23, 1917 – In a game against the Washington Senators, Boston Red Sox pitcher Ernie Shore retired 26 batters in a row after replacing Babe Ruth, who had been ejected for punching the umpire.

June 23, 1920 – Confederate veteran Lewis Lavon Peacock died of influenza at the age of 75 and was buried at Flat Rock Church in Conecuh County, Ala. Born on Sept. 20, 1844, he served as a corporal in Co. D of the 59th Alabama Infantry. During the Civil War, he fought in the Battle of Chickamauga, claimed to have been wounded at Petersburg and was among the Confederates who surrendered with Robert E. Lee at Appomattox in April 1865. No photo of Peacock is known to exist.

June 23, 1924 - Author C. Eric Lincoln was born in Athens, Ala.

June 23, 1926 – 8,040 college applicants in 353 locations around the U.S. were administered an experimental college admissions test that would eventually become known as the Scholastic Aptitude Test or the SAT.

June 23, 1927 – The Evergreen Courant featured a large, front-page announcement telling readers that the owners of The Courant had bought The Conecuh Record from owner Alice Whitcomb and that the two papers had been combined into The Evergreen Courant.

June 23, 1927 – The Evergreen Courant reported that Judge and Mrs. S.P. Dunn, Mr. and Mrs. Jno. Cunningham, Mr. and Mrs. Jno. E. Powell and Mrs. W.C. Relfe were enjoying a week’s camp fish at Judge Joh. D. Leigh’s lake near Brewton.

June 23, 1928 – Pulitzer Prize-winning novelist Michael Shaara was born in Jersey City, N.J. He received the Pulitzer Prize for fiction in 1975 for his Civil War novel, “The Killer Angels.”

June 23, 1929 - Author Babs H. Deal was born in Scottsboro, Ala.

June 23, 1930 - The Monroe County Board of Education, at its meeting on this Monday, let the contract for building the school at Frisco City, to replace a building there that was destroyed by fire a few months before. There were more than a dozen bids offered for this construction, and the contract was awarded to Messrs. Cumbie & Dean of Clayton, Ala. for $53,855.10. That price covered the building completed, including plumbing and heating system. The building was to be constructed of brick, was to be a combination elementary and high school building of sufficient capacity to care for 600 pupils, and was to have a large and commodious auditorium. It was to be a modern building in all particulars. The contract called for completion not later than Jan. 1, 1931. The finances were provided by the County Board of Education, the State of Alabama and the Town of Frisco City.

June 23, 1936 – Monroeville’s baseball team beat Thomasville in a non-league game at Legion Field in Monroeville.

June 23, 1940 – During World War II, German leader Adolf Hitler surveyed newly defeated Paris in now occupied France. During the three-hour tour of the architecture of Paris, Hitler was accompanied by architect Albert Speer and sculptor Arno Breker, and this tour was Hitler’s only visit to the city.

June 23, 1941 – The Lithuanian Activist Front declared independence from the Soviet Union and formed the Provisional Government of Lithuania. It lasted only briefly as the Nazis will occupy Lithuania a few weeks later.

June 23, 1942 - Frances Caroline Adams, the five-year-old daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Fred Adams of the Lyeffion community, drowned about 12:30 p.m. on this Tuesday in a hole of water near the home in which she and several other children were playing. Her younger brother also got into the hole and was at the point of drowning when help arrived, but he was revived. According to reports, the tragedy occurred at a hole of water in a gulley near the Adams home. Evidently recent heavy rains had washed the hole much deeper than anyone knew about, as it was discovered after the accident that the water was over a man’s head. The little girl, her younger brother and some other children were playing in the water and got beyond their depth. One of those who made it to the bank went to the house and gave the alarm. When the mother and neighbors reached the hole, the little girl had disappeared beneath the muddy water, but the little boy was clinging to something which enabled him to keep his head out of the water some of the time at least.

June 23, 1945 - Lamar Roberts died early on this Saturday morning in a hospital in Atmore as a result of injuries sustained in the crash of his car and a truck he was meeting on a hill south of Little River about eight p.m. on Fri., June 22. Sheriff Nicholas and Deputy C.A. Sizemore reached the scene shortly after the accident, but reported that the cause of the crash could not be determined.

June 23, 1951 - Alabama author Peter Huggins was born in Oxford, Miss.

June 23, 1951 - A 200-mile stretch of Kansas was hit by one of the most expensive hailstorms in U.S. history, with over $15 million in crops and property damage.

June 23, 1953 - Author Roy Hoffman was born in Mobile, Ala.

June 23, 1953 - New officers for Alabama Masonic Lodge No. 3 at Monroeville were elected at a meeting held on this Tuesday. Chosen as Worshipful Master was Kermit Branum while the other following officers were also elected: B.C. Jones, senior warden; M.F. Russell, junior warden; W.J. Falkenberry, treasurer; W.S. Nash, secretary; D.L. Russell, chaplain; W.D. Pickens, senior deacon; J.G. Turberville, junior deacon; F.A. Watkins, senior steward; Wayne Colin, junior steward; and T.E. Hall, tyler.

June 23, 1961 – Writer David Leavitt was born in Pittsburgh, Pan.

June 23, 1961 – During the Cold War, the Antarctic Treaty, which set aside Antarctica as a scientific preserve and banned military activity on the continent, came into force after the opening date for signature set for the Dec. 1, 1959.

June 23, 1964 - At a news conference, President Lyndon B. Johnson announced that Henry Cabot Lodge had resigned as ambassador to South Vietnam and that Gen. Maxwell Taylor would be his replacement.

June 23, 1969 - Ben Het, a U.S. Special Forces camp located 288 miles northeast of Saigon and six miles from the junction of the Cambodian, Laotian and South Vietnamese borders, was besieged and cut off by 2,000 North Vietnamese troops using artillery and mortars.

June 23, 1969 - G.E. Hendrix was reelected Worshipful Master of Masonic Lodge No. 702 in Frisco City on this Monday evening. Elected to serve with Hendrix during the ensuing year were J.N. Youngblood, senior warden; Randolph Lambert, junior warden; Jeffie Jones, secretary; C.P. Wilkerson, treasurer; Morton Carpenter, senior deacon; Rayford Sawyer, junior deacon; Sam Brooks, tyler; L.B. Headley, chaplain; John Sigler, senior steward; W.C. Majors, marshal.

June 23, 1972 – As related to the Watergate Scandal, U.S. President Richard M. Nixon and White House Chief of Staff H. R. Haldeman were taped talking about using the Central Intelligence Agency to obstruct the Federal Bureau of Investigation's investigation into the Watergate break-ins.

June 23, 1976 – Actor, director and photographer Aaron Ruell was born in Fresno, Calif. He is best known for his role as Kip Dynamite in “Napoleon Dynamite.”

June 23, 1976 – NFL wide receiver Brandon Stokley was born in Blacksburg, Va. He went on to play for Louisiana-Lafayette, the Baltimore Raves, the Indianapolis Colts, the Denver Broncos, the Seattle Seahawks and the New York Giants.

June 23, 1989 - Tim Burton’s noir spin on the well-known story of the DC Comics hero “Batman” was released in theaters.

June 23, 2009 – American physician and explorer Jerri Nielsen passed away at the age of 57 in Southwick, Mass.

June 23, 2013 – Nik Wallenda became the first man to successfully walk across the Grand Canyon on a tight rope.


June 23, 2013 – About 16 militants stormed a high-altitude mountaineering base camp near Nanga Parbat in Gilgit–Baltistan, Pakistan and killed ten climbers, as well as a local guide.

Daily Rainfall Observations from SW Alabama for Fri., June 23, 2017

Rainfall (Past 24 Hours): 0.60 inches.

Week to Date Rainfall: 6.40 inches.

Month to Date Rainfall:  9.95 inches.

Spring to Date Rainfall: 29.45 inches.

Year to Date Rainfall: 49.95 inches.

Notes: Today is the 174th day of 2017 and the third day of Summer. There are 191 days left in the year.

Readings taken at 0700 hours Central Standard Time (1300 GMT) daily, just west of the Monroe-Conecuh County line and south of U.S. Highway 84, near Excel, Alabama, USA, in the vicinity of Lat 31.42834N Lon 87.30131W. Elevation 400 feet above sea level. CoCoRaHS Station No. AL-MN-4, Station Name: Excel 2.5 ESE.

Thursday, June 22, 2017

Battle of Gaines Mill was bloody day for members of the Conecuh Guards

Wilcox County grave of Thomas E. Robbins.
This coming Tuesday – June 27 - marks the 155th anniversary of one of the bloodiest days of the Civil War for the Confederate military unit from Conecuh County.

On June 27, 1862, Confederate forces under the command of Robert E. Lee clashed with U.S. forces under the command of George B. McClellan and Fitz John Porter at the Battle of Gaine’s Mill in Hanover County, Va. This battle resulted in a Confederate victory but was costly for Co. E of the 4th Alabama Infantry Regiment. Also known as the “Conecuh Guards,” this unit was organized at Sparta on April 1, 1861.

At the Battle of Gaine’s Mill, which is sometimes called the First Battle of Cold Harbor, a total of 2,377 men on both sides of the fight were killed and another 9,509 were wounded. Many members of the Conecuh Guards were among those numbers.

According to B.F. Riley’s 1881 book, “The History of Conecuh County, Alabama,” seven members of the Conecuh Guards were killed at the Battle of Gaine’s Mill - Jerre Downs, Caleb Garner, John Garner, John Gaff, Fielding Lynch, Julius A. Mertins and Thomas Elijah Robbins.

Of the men listed above, I’ve been unable to find any record of where they were buried, that is, except for Robbins, who was a 20-year-old Confederate private when he was killed in action at Gaine’s Mill. Born on Nov. 22, 1841, Robbins’ remains were brought back to Alabama and were laid to rest in the Ebenezer Methodist Cemetery in Wilcox County. His grave marker bears the date of Aug. 9, 1862, which may have been the date that he was actually buried.

Sixteen other members of the Conecuh Guards were wounded at the Battle of Gaine’s Mill, and some of them would survive the war while others would not. Among the wounded were Capt. William Lee, 1st Lt. James W. Darby, 2nd Lt. John G. Guice, Sgt. William D. Clarke, Charles Floyd, Francis M. Grice, William Hodges, John D. Hyde, William Horton, William W. Johnson, John Myers, William Quinley, Henry C. Stearns, Nick Stallworth, Mitchell B. Salter and Evans Sheffield.

Lee, who’d been promoted to captain only about two months before, would go on to be wounded about a year later at the Battle of Gettysburg on July 2, 1863, and he died from his wounds the following day.

Darby would survive the war and live to old age. In fact, 45 years after the Battle of Gaine’s Mill, on Nov. 22, 1907, Darby and Col. Pinckney D. Bowles would present the Conecuh Guards flag to the Alabama Department of Archives and History, where it remains today.

Almost two months later, Guice, who’d been wounded earlier at the Battle of First Manassas, would be wounded again in two places at the Battle of Second Manassas, losing one of his legs and receiving an honorable discharge.

Grice, not to be confused with Guice, lost his left arm at the Battle of Gaine’s Mill, but he didn’t go home. Instead, he became what’s known as a “sutler” for the 4th Alabama Infantry. In the old days, a sutler was a peddler who followed an army around to sell goods and food to soldiers. Grice survived the war, returned home and eventually moved to Escambia County.

Hodges would be taken prisoner at the Battle of Lookout Mountain on Nov. 24, 1863, and he died near Washington, Ga. in 1865. Horton was wounded in the shoulder and leg at Gaine’s Mill, and he moved to Butler County when he returned home after the war.

Johnson was disabled by the wounds he received at Gaine’s Mill, and he received an honorable discharge before returning home to Conecuh County.

Myers may have been the most mysterious of the group. Wounded at Gaine’s Mill, he was dropped from the unit’s roll in 1863, and according to Riley’s book, Myers was killed in Butler County after the war.

Quinley would go on to be wounded at Gettysburg on July 3, 1863, and according to Riley, Quinley deserted to U.S. forces in 1865. Stearns survived the war and returned to Conecuh County when it was all over.

Stallworth may have been the most colorful character in the unit. Stallworth was born in Evergreen on Aug. 9, 1845 and became the youngest member of the 4th Alabama Infantry when he enlisted at the age of 15. He would later be wounded at the Battle of Cold Harbor near Mechanicsville, Va. in May 1864.

He returned to Conecuh County and became a farmer, lawyer, state legislator and solicitor for the 11th Judicial Circuit. Early on the morning of June 7, 1909, Stallworth passed away at the age of 64 at his home on Evergreen’s Main Street after a long illness.

Salter, who was 23 years old at the time of Gaine’s Mill, would be wounded later at the Battle of Chickamauga (some sources say Gettysburg), and his arm had to be amputated. Salter died on Nov. 8, 1920 at the ripe, old age of 81, and he’s buried in the Old Evergreen Cemetery. However, the bone from his arm that was amputated at Chickamauga is currently on display in the National Museum of Health and Medicine in Washington, D.C.

Sheffield would also be wounded later at the Battle of Gettysburg, and he returned to Conecuh County after the war. Bizarrely, according to Riley’s book, Sheffield was later killed by a falling tree.
Floyd apparently survived the war, but Riley’s book indicates that Floyd moved to Texas after the war. Also, unfortunately, I don’t have any other information about what happened to Clarke and Hyde.


In the end, if you’ve got any other information about the men mentioned above, I’d like to hear about it.