July 23, 1862 - Gen Braxton Bragg’s Confederate army was moving from Tupelo, Miss., in route to Chattanooga, Tenn., via railroad, which would take his forces through Meridian, Miss. to Mobile, Ala. They crossed the Mobile Bay Delta, proceeded by rail to Montgomery, Ala., then proceed to Atlanta, Ga. and then north to Chattanooga, Tenn.
July 23, 1862 - General Henry W. Halleck assumed the role of general-in-chief of all Union forces in an effort to better coordinate the overall Union war effort, which was floundering.
July 23, 1885 - Civil War hero and former President Ulysses S. Grant died of throat cancer.
July 23, 1888 – Detective novelist Raymond Chandler, creator of fictional detective Philip Marlowe, was born in Chicago.
July 23, 1903 – Ford Motor Co. sold its first car, a two-cylinder Model A, to a Chicago dentist named Ernst Pfenning for $850.
July 23, 1967 – Philip Seymour Hoffman, who portrayed Truman Capote in 2005’s “Capote,” was born in Fairport, N.Y. He won an Academy Award for Best Actor for his portrayal of Capote in the film.
July 23, 1977 – Local weather reporter Earl Windham reported a high temperature of 101 degrees in Evergreen, Ala. He recorded a high of 100 degrees the day before in Evergreen.