Sunday, April 22, 2018

Today in History for April 22, 2018

Alabama Gov. Emmet O'Neal in 1913

April 22, 1500 - Portuguese navigator Pedro Alvares Cabral discovered Brazil.


April 22, 1519 – Spanish conquistador Hernán Cortés established a settlement at Veracruz, Mexico.

April 22, 1692 – In connection with the Salem witchcraft trials, Mary Easty, another of Rebecca Nurse's sisters who defended her, was examined by John Hathorne and Jonathan Corwin. Hathorne and Corwin also examined Nehemiah Abbott, William and Deliverance Hobbs, Edward and Sarah Bishop, Mary Black, Sarah Wildes and Mary English.

April 22, 1707 – Novelist Henry Fielding was born in Sharpham, England.

April 22, 1724 – Enlightenment philosopher Immanuel Kant was born in Konigsberg, Prussia.

April 22, 1778 - Commander John Paul Jones began an American raid on the port at Whitehaven, England.

April 22, 1833 – English engineer and explorer Richard Trevithick died at the age of 62 in Dartford, Kent, England.

April 22, 1844 – Lewis Powell, who was hanged as a Lincoln assassination conspirator, was born in Randolph County, Ala.

April 22, 1861 - Colonel Robert E. Lee was appointed commander of Virginia's forces with the rank of major general.

April 22, 1861 - The Norfolk Navy Yard in Virginia was lost to the Confederates, which made the Washington Navy Yard essential. It was also running short of personnel. On this day, the commandant, Capt. Franklin Buchanan, suffered a change of allegiance and went South. The Chief of Navy Ordnance, George Magruder, had an outbreak of pacifism and went to Canada for the duration. The entire yard was down to 150 men after the shuffling was done.

April 22, 1862 – Lt. William Lee of the Conecuh Guards was promoted to the rank of captain.

April 22, 1862 – During the Civil War, a skirmish was fought in Arkansas Pass, Texas. Harrisonburg and Luray in Virginia were occupied by Federal forces

April 22, 1863 - Union Colonel Benjamin Grierson's troops cut telegraph wires near Macon, Miss. during a two-week raid along the length of the state. This action was a diversion in General Ulysses S. Grant’s campaign to capture Vicksburg, Mississippi, the last remaining Confederate stronghold on the Mississippi River. On April 22, he dispatched Co. B of the 7th Illinois regiment to destroy telegraph lines at Macon, while Grierson rode to Newton Station.

April 22, 1863 – During the Civil War, a skirmish was fought in the vicinity of Tuscumbia, Ala. at Rock Cut.

April 22, 1863 - After receiving his new uniform on this day, Admiral Farragut prepared a letter which was sent to the assistant Secretary of the Navy. It read, in part, “Pray do not be changing our uniform every week or two.” He goes on, “The star is the designation of an admiral and should therefore be visible...but this adding stripes until they reach a man’s elbow ...is a great error. You must count the stripes to ascertain the officer’s rank, which at any distance is almost impossible.”

April 22, 1863 – During the Civil War, skirmishes were fought in the vicinity of Washington, La., on the Bayou Boeuf Road; at Fredericktown, Mo.; in the vicinity of Hartsville, Tenn.; at Point Pleasant, West Va.; and at Fisher’s Hill, out from Strasburg, Va.

April 22, 1863 - A three-day Federal operation between Belle Pain to Port Royal in Virginia began. Federal transports successfully ran past the Confederate batteries at Vicksburg and Warrenton in Mississippi.

April 22, 1864 - Union Lieutenant Colonel Francis Drake's troops left Camden, Arkansas.

April 22, 1864 – The U.S. Congress passed the Coinage Act of 1864 that mandated that the inscription In God We Trust be placed on all coins minted as United States currency.

April 22, 1864 – During the Civil War, a three-day Federal operation between Jacksonport and Augusta in Arkansas began. Skirmishes were fought in the vicinity of Cotton Plant, Ark.; at Cloutierville and Tunica Bend in Louisiana and on the Duck River in Tennessee.

April 22, 1865 – During the Civil War, Talladega, Ala. was occupied by Federal troops.

April 22, 1865 – During the Civil War, skirmishes were fought at Buzzard Roost, Ga.; near the mouth of the Big Gravois, Mo., in the vicinity of Osage, Mo.; in the vicinity of Linn Creek, Mo.; and near Howard’s Gap in the Blue Ridge Mountains of North Carolina. A six-day Federal operation began against Indians in the Nebraska Territory. A two-day Federal operation against Indians began in the Dakota Territory.

April 22, 1876 – The first game in the history of National League was played at the Jefferson Street Grounds in Philadelphia. Eight baseball teams began the inaugural season of the National League, and this game is often pointed to as the beginning of Major League Baseball. Boston beat Philadelphia, 6-5.

April 22, 1886 - Alabama author Father Abram J. Ryan died in Louisville, Ky.

April 22, 1889 - Louisa Frances Garland, the wife of University of Alabama President Landon Garland, passed away at the age of 76 and was buried in Oxford Memorial Cemetery in Oxford in Lafayette County, Miss. Tradition states that Louisa Garland convinced Union soldiers not to burn the President’s Mansion when they attacked the University’s campus on April 4, 1865.

April 22, 1889 – German SS officer Richard Glücks was born in Odenkirchen, German Empire.

April 22, 1889 - At precisely high noon, thousands of would-be settlers made a mad dash into the newly opened Oklahoma Territory to claim cheap land.

April 22, 1895 – The spring term of Monroe County (Ala.) Circuit Court convened at 12 p.m. with Judge John C. Anderson presiding and Solicitor Benjamin F. Elmore representing the state. The criminal docket was “unusually heavy” with two capital cases set for trial, one for murder and another for arson.

April 22, 1898 - The first shot of the Spanish-American war occurred when the USS Nashville captured a Spanish merchant ship.

April 22, 1899 – Novelist and critic Vladimir Nabokov was born in St. Petersburg, Russia.

April 22, 1905 – The drying house at the Shoal Creek Lumber Co. at Nadawah, Ala. caught fire on this Saturday around 3 p.m. According to the Camden Banner, “pumps were at once set to work and a steady stream of water was poured on the highly combustible material, but to no purpose.”

April 22, 1912 – In a surprising move, the State Board of Control elected Prof. J.T. McKee, principal of Cullman County High School, as president of the Second District Agricultural School in Evergreen, Ala., replacing Prof. Henry T. Lile. The meeting was held in the office of Alabama Gov. Emmet O’Neal in Montgomery. McKee was to assume charge of the SDAS on July 1. The Board of Control was composed of O’Neal, Henry J. Willingham, State Superintendent of Education; Capt. Reuben F. Kolb, State Commissioner of Agriculture; C.A. O’Neal of Andalusia and J.T. Williams of Evergreen.

April 22, 1914 - Babe Ruth made his pitching debut with the Baltimore Orioles.

April 22, 1914 – German SS officer Michael Wittmann was born in Vogelthal, Kingdom of Bavaria, German Empire.

April 22, 1915 - The New York Yankees wore pinstripes and the hat-in-the-ring logo for the first time.

April 22, 1915 – The Monroe Journal reported, in “County High School Notes,” that “both school and town thoroughly enjoyed three most interesting ball games between Atmore and Monroeville. Our boys were determined not to break their record and as usual, come out victorious.”

April 22, 1915 – The use of poison gas in World War I escalated when 150 tons of lethal chlorine gas was released as a chemical weapon against two French colonial division in the Second Battle of Ypres in Belgium.

April 22, 1922 - Legendary jazz bassist, bandleader, and composer Charles Mingus, sometimes known as "The Angry Man of Jazz," was born in Nogales, Arizona.

April 22, 1922 - Corporal Dewitt Lowrey was born in Atmore, Ala. He was a soldier with Easy Company, 2nd Battalion, 506th Parachute Infantry Regiment, in the 101st Airborne Division of the United States Army during World War II. Lowrey was one of the 140 Toccoa men of Easy Company. Lowrey's life story was featured in the 2009 book “We Who Are Alive and Remain: Untold Stories from Band of Brothers.”

April 22, 1925 – The Evergreen Courant published the following resolution adopted by Conecuh Lodge A.F.&A.M. No. 733 of Belleville in memory of W.A. Boutwell – “The subject of this memorial was born in Pike County and later moved to Lowndes County, where he resided until about 15 years ago when he moved to Conecuh County and remained until death came. Mr. Boutwell was born Oct. 20, 1842 and died on March 11, 1925. He was made a Mason 40 years ago and lived it in a creditable manner. Simple, straightforward, unassuming, unselfish to a degree, of rugged honesty and sincerity of purpose, and yet withal gentile in his nature, the life of this good man breathes the spirit of the old south, of a regime that is lofty and massive and yet graceful. His noble life and exemplary character are cherished by his brethren of the mystic tie. Resolved that this memorial be inscribed upon the records of this lodge, a copy furnished his relatives and that the same be published in The Evergreen Courant. – J.D. Skinner, J.E. Baggett, J.A. Reid, Committee.”

April 22, 1925 – The Evergreen Courant reported, in news from the Welcome community, that “quite a crowd was disappointed at Welcome church Sunday night, it being announced last week there would be preaching, and the preacher did not come. We feel that is the reason we never have a large congregation. We have been disappointed so many times.”

April 22, 1925 – The Evergreen Courant reported, in news from the Herbert community, that “the picture show at Herbert Thursday night was enjoyed by everyone.”

April 22, 1933 – Extensive damage to berry and corn crops was reported from practically every section of Conecuh County, Ala. from hailstorms that visited almost every neighborhood in the county. In some instances, the stones were large, some communities reporting stones the size of guinea eggs, while in others they were smaller. Duration of the storms varied in the different localities, some reports saying the hail lasted from five to 15 minutes.

April 22, 1940 – The winless Brewton Millers baseball team released two players on this Monday and signed a new pitcher and outfielder. The team then went out and won a 9-1 victory over Troy behind knuckle ball pitcher Bill Israel. Israel scattered seven Trojan singles, but infield errors presented Troy with one run. Through the first four games of the season up to this point, the fielding and batting of Gilbert Leatherwood, local first baseman, had been outstanding. During the first four games, he secured 10 hits, including a homer and two doubles, out of 16 times at bat for an average of .625.

April 22, 1943 – Poet Louise Gluck was born in New York City.

April 22, 1945 – During World War II, after learning that Soviet forces had taken Eberswalde without a fight, Adolf Hitler admitted defeat in his underground bunker and stated that suicide was his only recourse.

April 22, 1946 - James Nelson Golson, a 32-year-old former Conecuh County resident, drowned when he fell overboard from a ship in Kwalalein Harbor in the Marshall Islands. Waterman Steamship Corp. officials in Mobile were advised of the accidental drowning of Golson, who was third assistant engineer on the WV Wall Knot, occurred as the seaman moved to shore on a smaller vessel. The body was not recovered, according to a radio message received from the master of the Wall Knot. Golson was the son of Mr. and Mrs. L.P. Golson, former Conecuh County residents. Born on Sept. 12, 1912, a grave for Golson is located at the National Memorial Cemetery of the Pacific in Honolulu, Hawaii.

April 22, 1949 – Dr. Neff, the “Mystifier of Magicians,” was scheduled to present his “original Madhouse of Mystery” at the Pix Theatre in Evergreen, Ala. on this Friday night. The screen show was scheduled for 9:30 p.m. and the stage show was scheduled for 10:30 p.m.

April 22, 1949 - Monroe County High School’s baseball team was out to break a two-game losing streak as it was scheduled to play Atmore High School on this Friday afternoon and the strong Greenville High School team in Monroeville on Mon., April 25. Both games were to be played at the American Legion field, beginning at 3 p.m. Al Ryland was slated to pitch for Monroeville. Jack Simpson, who recently joined the team, was expected to add pitching strength, MCHS head coach LaVaughan Hanks said.

April 22, 1950 - Evergreen High School’s Golf Team, the first in the history of the school, dropped its second match of the season to Butler County High School on the Greenville Country Club links on this Saturday afternoon. Greenville also defeated the Evergreen golfers in Evergreen several weeks ago. Bonnie King, holder of the Evergreen course record, was the No. 1 player on the Evergreen High Squad. Junior White, Dickey Bozeman and Charles Williams completed the foursome. The group was coached by Coach John Lockwood. The Evergreen golfers were scheduled to meet Murphy High’s foursome in two matches, in Evergreen and in Mobile, soon thereafter.

April 22, 1951 - Alabama author Andrew Hudgins was born in Killeen, Texas.

April 22, 1962 – A large sawmill fire, the second in the town’s history, occurred at Vredenburgh, Ala. The mill didn’t resume operations again until Jan. 4, 1965.

April 22, 1967 – Actress Sheryl Lee, who played Laura Palmer on “Twin Peaks,” was born in Augsburg, West Germany.

April 22, 1968 - In a news conference, Defense Secretary Clark Clifford declared that the South Vietnamese had “acquired the capacity to begin to insure their own security [and] they are going to take over more and more of the fighting.”

April 22, 1969 – British yachtsman Sir Robin Knox-Johnston won the Sunday Times Golden Globe Race and completed the first solo non-stop circumnavigation of the world.

April 22, 1970 – Earth Day, the world’s largest secular holiday, was first observed.

April 22, 1972 - Antiwar demonstrations prompted by the accelerated U.S. bombing in Southeast Asia drew somewhere between 30,000 to 60,000 marchers in New York; 30,000 to 40,000 in San Francisco; 10,000 to 12,000 in Los Angeles; and smaller gatherings in Chicago and other cities throughout the country.

April 22, 1976 - Alabama author Joe David Brown died at his home near Mayfield, Ga.

April 22, 1977 - Purnell Salter, 80, of Burnt Corn and Evergreen died in a Monroeville, Ala. hospital. Salter was a member of a prominent, pioneer Conecuh County family, and his ancestors were among the first settlers of the county. He had a keen interest in local history and genealogy and provided The Evergreen Courant newspaper with historical information on many occasions. Born on Dec. 26, 1896, he is buried in the Bethany Baptist Church Cemetery in Monroeville.

April 22, 1982 - The Atlanta Braves ended their 13-game winning streak to start the season. It was the longest streak of wins at the beginning of the season in Major League Baseball history.

April 22, 1985 - David Lancaster of Repton exhibited the Grand Champion of the 40th Annual Conecuh County Steer Show in Evergreen, Ala. on this Monday. First Alabama Bank of Conecuh County, represented by Tom Salo, paid $1.50 per pound for the 1,230-pound champion, a total of $1,845. Steve Lancaster of Repton had the Reserve Champion. The 1,140-pound steer sold for $1.28 per pound to the Conecuh-Monroe Counties Gas District, represented by Morgan Holley, for a total of $,1459.20. Winners in the Senior Showmanship competition were Chris Godwin, Steve Lancaster, Tim Covin and Tommy Shipp.

April 22, 1991 - Weather observer Harry Ellis reported 1.60 inches of rain in Evergreen, Ala.

April 22, 1993 – Alabama lieutenant governor Jim Folsom Jr. became Alabama’s 50th governor when Guy Hunt was convicted of state ethics law violations. Folsom Jr.’s term as governor ended on Jan. 16, 1995. He was succeeded by Fob James, who narrowly beat Folsom during the 1994 governor’s race.

April 22, 1993 - The U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum was dedicated in Washington, D.C.

April 22, 1994 – Richard Nixon, the 37th President of the United States, died in New York City at the age of 81.

April 22, 1994 – Episode No. 21 of “The X-Files” – entitled “Tooms” – aired for the first time.

April 22, 1999 – The Evergreen Courant reported that Castleberry held its annual Strawberry Festival during the past weekend with a “nice, large crowd that turned out. Games, music, a street dance and family fun was the rule of the day and a good time was had by all.”

April 22, 1999 – The Evergreen Courant reported that Small Loan, Inc. recently held its grand opening and ribbon cutting in conjunction with Evergreen-Conecuh County Chamber of Commerce. The company specialized in small, quick approval loans and was located next door to Dollar General across the street from the A&P.

April 22, 1999 – The Evergreen Courant reported that members of the Allied Community Development Corp., which was organized by the late Jack M. Wainwright III, formerly of Evergreen, had established a scholarship at Birmingham-Southern, his alma mater, as a memorial in his honor. He was a former loan officer at First Alabama Bank.

April 22, 2000 - Jackie Gorum, President of the Evergreen Babe Ruth League, threw out the ceremonial first pitch on this Saturday to start the 2000 season of the Babe Ruth League. Games were to be played every Tuesday and Saturday at Evergreen Municipal Park.

April 22, 2004 - Pat Tillman, who gave up his pro football career to enlist in the U.S. Army after the terrorist attacks of Sept. 11, was killed by friendly fire while serving in Afghanistan. He was 27 years old.

April 22, 2006 - The first Alabama Book Festival was held in Montgomery, Ala.

April 22, 2010 - The NFL Draft was aired in prime time for the first time.

Old newspaper excerpts from The Monroe Journal newspaper of Monroe County, Alabama

Diane McWhorter

16 YEARS AGO
APRIL 25, 2002

Stabler is named EMT of the Year: For rescuing a mother and daughter from a flooded car in a torrential downpour, James Stabler was named Emergency Medical Technician of the Year by members of Monroe County Association of Volunteer Fire Departments Saturday night.
Helping others is nothing new for Stabler, who has been a volunteer firefighter for 16 years.
Other firefighters honored during the banquet at the Monroe County High School cafeteria were Excel’s Kevin Young, Rookie of the Year; Uriah’s Robert Smith, Chief of the Year; Uriah’s Bill Bennett, Firefighter of the Year; and Beatrice’s Jimmie Spann, who has been president of the association for seven years, the Community Service Award.

MC Tigers sweep two from GHS: Monroe County High School finished its regular season with a pair of wins over Gulf Shores High School last Thursday, beating the Dolphins 10-0 and 7-4 during a doubleheader in Monroeville.
MCHS finishes the regular season with a 22-13 record.
(Outstanding MCHS players in those games included John Bohannon, Ben Busby, Travis Granberry, Daniel Harper, Brett Pate, Terrell Richardson, Taylor Ryland and Matt Wright.)

Pulitzer Prize-winning author Diane McWhorter, a Birmingham native, will be among the eight Alabama writers and 13 scholars scheduled to attend the fifth annual Alabama Writers Symposium May 2-4 in Monroeville.

39 YEARS AGO
APRIL 26, 1979

Journal moves to new office: The Monroe Journal has moved its office into a new building at 126 Hines St., across from Monroe County Bank.
The old location was around the corner on South Mount Pleasant Avenue, next to City Hall.
The Journal’s printing plant remains at the same Hines Street location as before, next door to the new building.

J.U. Blacksher High School clinched its second consecutive 1A area championship in baseball last week.
The red hot Blacksher Bulldogs clinched their second straight 1A crown Friday with a 22-6 win over the Excel Panthers in Excel.
The win gave Blacksher an area record of 10-0 with an overall mark of 11-1. (Top Blacksher players that season included pitchers Jimmy Pipkin and Kevin Barnes.)

High river water reaches homes: The Alabama River crested at about 55.5 feet Sunday at Claiborne Lock and Dam, the river’s highest level since reaching almost 59 feet in 1961.
Most of the Monroe County flood damage caused by the high water is in the Maiben Lake and Eureka Landing areas, according to county officials.
At least 12 cabins and mobile homes in the Maiben Lake and Riverside Acres subdivisions north of the lock and dam suffered water damage, according to Mike Colquett of Barnett Insurance Agency, who looked at buildings in that area Monday.
Several homeowners at Eureka Landing will discover damage to their buildings when the water goes down and they are able to reach them, said Monroe County Deputy Sheriff Steve Griffis. The owners will not be able to reach the homes for several days, he said.

64 YEARS AGO
APRIL 22, 1954

J.O. Hamner, a Winston County native, who was recently elected vice-president of the Alabama Education Association for 1954-55, has been named new principal for the Monroeville schools.
Statement of Mr. Hamner’s selection was made by H.G. Greer, county education superintendent, following a recent meeting of the Monroe County Board of Education.
Mr. Hamner will replace John Stewart, principal at the local schools for the past two years, who is leaving at the end of the current school term to accept the post of superintendent of city schools at Brewton.

The Frisco City Whippet baseball squad racked up a resounding victory Monday afternoon by downing a Jackson nine, 11-7.
Neil Hamilton, hurler for the Whippets, struck out nine Jackson swatters, while Boyles, Jackson pitcher, struck out six Frisco Citians.
(Other top Frisco City High School baseball players that season included J.W. Bailey, Junior Dorough, Bevis Hayes, Steve King, Alfred Pugh, Larue Rumbley, Jimmy Tatum and Bernie Williams. Jesse Howard was head coach.)

Charles Wright, an eighth-grader at the Excel school, will represent Monroe County in competing for honors at the statewide Spelling Bee contest in Birmingham on Sat., May 1.
He was winner over 23 other contestants from Monroe’s elementary and junior high schools in county eliminations held at Beatrice on April 6. The county contest is part of a national event sponsored by Scripps-Howard newspapers and by the Birmingham Post-Herald in Alabama.

89 YEARS AGO
APRIL 25, 1929

Rural Carrier Killed: G.W. Riley, carrier on one of the Uriah rural mail routes, met with a fatal accident on Tuesday evening. He was found in a dying condition on the roadside near the home of Mr. L.S. Lambert, his car overturned. No one seems to have witnessed the accident.

OBITUARY MRS. JANIE S. COOK: On April the 14th, 1929, there passed from this world to its eternal abode the soul of Mrs. Janie S. Cook, Perdue Hill, Ala. Thus ends the immediate family of Dr. and Mrs. L.R. Moore, a once very prominent family of old Fort Claiborne, prominent in social, political and religious life of the “Old City.”
Mr. James Cook was also a prominent young merchant at Claiborne and in 1873 Brother Cook and Miss Moore were united in matrimony and lived together happily ‘til his death just a few years ago at an advanced and honored age.
Brother Cook served the whole of the Civil War, being a member of the “Claiborne Guards,” under the lamented Capt. George Foster. He was also a member of King Emanel’s army, and served faithfully and valiantly for a number of years, serving as clerk of his church and also deacon.
Mrs. Cook was born Oct. the 9th 1849, hence had lived beyond her allotted “three score years and ten.”

There will be a regular meeting of the Monroeville Chapter No. 155, Order of the Eastern Star, Thursday evening, April 25th, at eight o’clock. Candidate will be initiated.

Prof. and Mrs. H.G. Greer of Frisco City were visitors to Monroeville Monday.

Dr. J.J. Dailey of Tunnel Springs was a business visitor to the county capital.

139 YEARS AGO
APRIL 28, 1879

The spring fights opened Thursday last at a barroom in town. A sewing machine man and a farmer were the hostile parties.

We had the pleasure last week of meeting in our village many distinguished lawyers of this section, among whom we may mention, Col. Jno. Y. Kilpatrick of Camden, a noble veteran of the “lost cause,” a fine orator, a good lawyer and an accomplished gentleman and genial companion.

The medical association of Monroe met at Monroeville Thursday last. They had a pleasant meeting and all the members were present, with probably two exceptions.

NEW GOODS AND CHEAP GOODS FOR CASH! Just Arrived At T.A. NETTLES, Long Street, Kempville, Ala. – Dry Goods & Groceries, WHISKIES, Etc. – Has just returned from Mobile with a large and carefully selected stock of Dry Goods, Groceries and everything usually kept in a Country Store WHICH WILL BE SOLD AT PANIC PRICES! Remember the place – Long Street, Kempville, Ala. THOS. A. NETTLES.

RETURNED TO CLAIBORNE AGAIN – Just arrived and opened a popular CHEAP CASH STORE! With a large Stock of Goods, consisting of DRY GOODS, GROCERIES, NOTIONS, PLANTATION SUPPLIES, ETC. Which will be sold as Low as the Lowest! I DEFY COMPETITION! With “QUICK SALES and Small Profits” for my motto, and a guarantee of Good Measure and Full Weights. I only ask a call and see for yourselves. I invite all my friends and customers to give me a call. Come and see and be convinced that I sell my goods as cheap as can be bought anywhere. Highest prices paid for cotton, wool, hides and country produce. – I. COHN, formerly of the firm of Cohn & Elkan, now keeping at Shiff’s old stand, CLAIBORNE, ALABAMA.

Daily Rainfall Observations from SW Alabama for Sun., April 22, 2018

Rainfall (Past 24 Hours): 0.00 inches.

Week to Date Rainfall: 0.00 inches.

Month to Date Rainfall:  4.15 inches.

Spring to Date Rainfall: 6.20 inches.

Year to Date Rainfall: 16.55 inches.

Notes: Today is the 112th day of 2018 and the 34th day of Spring. There are 254 days left in the year.

Readings taken at 0700 hours Central Standard Time (1300 GMT) daily, just west of the Monroe-Conecuh County line and south of U.S. Highway 84, near Excel, Alabama, USA, in the vicinity of Lat 31.42834N Lon 87.30131W. Elevation 400 feet above sea level. CoCoRaHS Station No. AL-MN-4, Station Name: Excel 2.5 ESE.Today 

Saturday, April 21, 2018

Today in History for April 21, 2018

Alabama Governor John Patterson

April 21, 1777 - British troops under the command of General William Tryon attacked the town of Danbury, Conn. They went on a rampage, setting fire to homes, farmhouses, storehouses and more than 1,500 tents.


April 21, 1789 - John Adams was sworn in as the first U.S. Vice President.

April 21, 1809 – Dr. William H. Cunningham Sr. was born in Mecklenburg County, Va. He would go on to work as a physician and serve as a state representative in Monroe County, Ala. He also served as a private in Dailey’s Co., Home Guard, Confederate States Army. He passed away at the age of 58 on Aug. 26, 1867 in Conecuh County and is buried in the Cunningham Cemetery at Tunnel Springs.

April 21, 1816 – Novelist Charlotte Bronte was born in Thornton, Yorkshire, England. Her books include 1847’s “Jane Eyre.”

April 21, 1838 – Naturalist and conservationist John Muir, a dedicated advocate for the protection of American wild lands, was born in Dunbar, Scotland.

April 21, 1861 - Upon the outbreak of the Civil War threats were made against the safety of the USS Constitution. On April 26, the ship began a three-day trip to New York, towed by the steam gunboat R.R. Cuyler.

April 21, 1861 - Rioting continued in Baltimore, Md., and state troops seized the U.S. Arsenal at Fayetteville, N.C.

April 21, 1862 – During the Civil War, skirmishes were fought at Pocahontas, Ark. and at Monterey, Va.

April 21, 1863 - Union Colonel Abel Streight began a raid into northern Alabama and Georgia with the goal of cutting off railroad traffic between Chattanooga and Atlanta. Streight surrendered near Rome, Ga. on May 3 to a force half the size of his own led by Confederate General Nathan Bedford Forrest.

April 21, 1863 – During the Civil War, a Federal operation was conducted between Opelousas and Barre’s Landing in Louisiana. A skirmish was also fought at Palo Alto, Miss., in the vicinity of present-day West Point, Miss. A comprehensive "tax-in-kind" plan was also passed by the Confederate Senate. It required that 10 percent of everything produced or grown be given to the Confederate government.

April 21, 1864 – During the Civil War, a skirmish was fought at Harrison Gap, Ala.

April 21 1864 – During the Civil War, skirmishes were fought along the Cache River, near Cotton Plant, Ark.; at Tunica Bend, La.; at Red Bone, Miss., between Vicksburg and the Big Black River; and at Masonborough, N.C.

April 21, 1865 - The steamboat Sultana left New Orleans. The craft exploded on April 27 killing about 1,700 people.

April 21, 1865 – During the Civil War, Federal troops entered Monroeville, Ala.

April 21, 1865 - A train carrying the coffin of assassinated President Abraham Lincoln left Washington, D.C. on its 1,654-mile journey back to Springfield, Illinois, where he would be buried on May 4. The train, dubbed “The Lincoln Special,” carrying Lincoln’s body traveled through 180 cities and seven states on its way to Lincoln’s home state of Illinois.

April 21, 1865 – Newspaperman Thomas Easton died and was buried in Monroeville, Ala. He was a former publisher of The Halcyon newspaper at St. Stephens and later established The Alabama Whig at Claiborne and continued to publish the Alabama Intelligencer.

April 21, 1865 - A two-day Federal operation between Donalsonville and Bayou Goula in Louisiana began, and a seven-day Federal operation began between Rolla and Thomasville in Missouri.

April 21, 1887 – National Baseball Hall of Fame manager Joe McCarthy was born in Philadelphia, Pa. He was inducted into the Hall of Fame in 1957.

April 21, 1898 - The Spanish-American War began.

April 21, 1904 – Italian-Austrian SS officer Odilo Globocnik was born in Trieste, Austria-Hungary (now Italy).

April 21, 1905 – H.P. Lovecraft finished writing “The Beast in the Cave,” which was originally published “The Vagrant” No. 7 in June 1918.

April 21, 1906 - The members of George W. Foster Camp, United Confederate Veterans, were scheduled to meet in the Monroe County Courthouse in Monroeville, Ala., at 3 p.m. on this Saturday. Business was to include the election of delegates to the annual Reunion at New Orleans, April 25-27. T.J. Emmons was the camp’s commander, and Thos. S. Wiggins was adjutant.

April 21, 1910 – Mark Twain died at the age of 74 in Redding, Connecticut.

April 21, 1918 – During World War I, Army Pvt. James Atkins, 19, of Flat Rock, Ala. “died from disease.” He was a private in the Machine Gun Corps. He is buried at Doullens Communal Cemetery Extension No. 1, Doullens, Departement de la Somme, Picardie, France, Plot VI. C. 66.

April 21, 1918 – During World War I, 25-year-old German fighter ace Manfred von Richthofen, better known as "The Red Baron", was shot down and killed by Allied fire over Vaux-sur-Somme in France.

April 21, 1920 - Alabama author Andrew Glaze was born in Nashville, Tenn.

April 21, 1932 – Screenwriter, director, comedian and actor Elaine May was born Elaine Berlin in Philadelphia.

April 21, 1934 – The "Surgeon's Photograph," the most famous photo allegedly showing the Loch Ness Monster, was published in the Daily Mail. In 1999, it was revealed to be a hoax.

April 21, 1940 – After getting back to Brewton at 4 a.m. on this Sunday morning, at a 14-7 loss in Tallassee, the Brewton Millers baseball team lost to Andalusia, 14-3. Gore, pitching for the Rams, struck out 11 Brewton batters. The Millers were charged with seven errors. After this game, Manager Yaryan and team officials announced that they would present a changing array of new faces, or put a hustling, scraping ball club on the field, even if they had to get optioned players.

April 21, 1947 – Hank Williams’s first recording was made when eight songs were cut under the Sterling label.

April 21, 1947 – In their season opener, Evergreen High School’s baseball team lost, 10-2, to Bay Minette.

April 21, 1949 - The Medical Association of the State of Alabama presented Dr. P.L. Hollingsworth of Belleville, Ala. a Certificate of Distinction for 50 years in the practice of medicine.

April 21, 1949 – The Evergreen Courant reported that Ottis Johnson, former Evergreen Greenie star, was currently leading the Troy State Teacher’s College baseball team in batting with a .320 average. Ottis starred with the Greenies for three seasons, always batting near the .400 mark, and was one of the Tri-County Baseball League’s top outfielders. This was his first season with the college squad. The TROY MESSENGER, daily paper in Troy, Ala., had this to say about Ottis: “At present, right fielder Ottis Johnson is leading the pack at the plate with a .320 average. The big fly-chaser has added plenty of power to the Wave attack since breaking into the lineup. This is his first season of baseball with the Wavemen.”

April 21, 1949 – The Monroe Journal reported that Mrs. Charlie McKinley of Atmore was the guest that week of her sister, Mrs. A.C. Lee and Mr. Lee.

April 21, 1949 – The Monroe Journal reported that the family of Pfc. Aubrey L. Norris had received word from the War Department that the body of the former Monroeville soldier was being shipped to the United States for re-burial. He was wounded on New Guinea on July 16, 1943, while serving in the infantry, and died four days later on Guadalcanal Island. A native of Frisco City, Norris was the first Monroe County serviceman to be killed in action in World War II. Entering service on May 16, 1942, he was 21 years old when killed. He was awarded the Purple Heart posthumously. Prior to being brought to the states, Norris’ body had been buried in the U.S. Army, Navy and Marine cemetery on Guadalcanal in the Solomon Islands. Upon arrival in Monroe County, the body was to lie in state at the home of W.M. Norris of Goodway, an older brother. He was a member of the 169th Infantry, 43rd Infantry Division. Born on Aug. 1, 1920, he is buried in the Union Cemetery in Frisco City.

April 21, 1949 – The Monroe Journal reported that Miss Jennie Faulk was the recent guest of Misses Maud and Margaret Howard of Mobile.

April 21, 1950 - Evergreen High School’s baseball team won their first victory of the 1950 season on this Friday, defeating Castleberry in Castleberry, 9-0, behind the near-perfect, one-hit pitching of Bertie Hassel. Hassel had the Blue Devil batters under control all the way as the Aggies evened up their series with Castleberry.

April 21, 1955 - The Tenth Annual 4-H Club and F.F.A. Fat Calf Show was held in Evergreen on this Thursday, and Marilyn Dees and her brother, Alvin, walked away with top honors. Seventy-two calves were shown, entered by some 67 F.F.A. and 4-H Club members. Thirteen-year-old Marilyn, a member of the Evergreen 4-H Club, and daughter of Mr. and Mrs. A.H. Dees, showed the Grand Champion for the second time, having won this coveted award in 1953, and the Reserve Champion in 1954. Her winner was a 1,015-pound Hereford. The T.R. Miller Mill Co. paid a record price of 68 cents per pound for the Grand Champion.

April 21, 1955 - Jack B. Kinzer, chairman of the Boys and Girls State Committee of the Alma Martin Post No. 50, announced on this day the names of the representatives from the four Conecuh high schools that would represent their schools at these statewide events. Representing Conecuh County High School was to be Louise Bradley and Comer Beasley. Repton High School was to be represented by Jean Armstrong and Comer Bonds, and Lyeffion planned to send Sarah Hardee and Clarence Riley. Evergreen High was to be represented by Patty McGehee, Clinton Claybrook and Buck Lewis. Boys State was to be held at the University of Alabama on May 28 through June 3. Girls State was to convene on June 12 and close on June 18.

April 21, 1955 – The Monroe Journal reported that the Monroe County Commission had purchased five lots fronting on North Mount Pleasant Street, which were to be used as a site for the erection of a new county jail, provided the approval of all interested governmental agencies was obtained. The lots, measuring 88 feet fronting on Mt. Pleasant Street, and 162 feet deep, were purchased from W.B. Owens of Monroeville, who owned four, and Max Bradley of Monroeville, who owned one of the lots.

April 21, 1958 - The 12th Annual Evergreen Junior Chamber of Commerce-sponsored Conecuh County Fat Calf Show was scheduled to be held in Evergreen on this Monday, according to John Horne, chairman of the Jaycee committee in charge.

April 21, 1963 – Dock Eli Higdon passed away at the age of 76 after a long illness. Higdon, a Mason, was a widely known and highly respected Conecuh County farmer and businessman, serving as director of the Conecuh County Exchange for many years. During World War I, he served with distinction in the U.S. Army in France as a scout for the famed Wildcat Division. Born on Feb. 2, 1887, he is buried in the Arkadelphia Cemetery at Loree.

April 21, 1965 - The Central Intelligence Agency and the Defense Intelligence Agency reported a “most ominous” development: a regiment of the People’s Army of Vietnam – the regular army of North Vietnam – division was now operating with the Viet Cong in South Vietnam.

April 21, 1966 – During his campaign for a second term, former Alabama Gov. John Patterson visited Evergreen, Ala. at 4 p.m. and delivered a “major address” from a bandstand in “No Man’s Land” in downtown Evergreen, Ala. He was preceded by Rebe Gosdin and the Sunny Valley Gang. The Gosdin group appeared with Patterson during his successful first campaign for governor in 1958.

April 21, 1971 – William Baker “Bill” Grant, the 18-year-old son of Mr. and Mrs. Charles Grant of Frisco City and star athlete at Monroe Academy, died on this Wednesday afternoon while participating in at track meet at Selma. Attendants at Vaughn Memorial Hospital said he was dead on arrival at the hospital and that death was apparently due to a heart attack. Born on Nov. 15, 1952, he is buried in the Union Cemetery in Frisco City.

April 21, 1972 – A number of awards were presented at the Evergreen High School athletic banquet, including Whalon Oliver, Evergreen Civil Air Patrol Best Lineman Award; Wavie Ausby, WBLO Best Back Trophy and Basketball MVP Trophy; Marshall Davis, Best Sportsmanship Trophy; Frank Murphy, and Evergreen Jaycees Best All Around Player Award. Coach Wendell Hart was also presented with a special award in honor of his retirement after 26 years as a coach.

April 21, 1975 - Xuan Loc, the last South Vietnamese outpost blocking a direct North Vietnamese assault on Saigon, fell to the communists.

April 21, 1975 – Writer Nell Freudenberger was born in New York City.

April 21, 1975 - A Charolais steer fed by the Evergreen FFA Chapter and shown by Jimmy McNeil won the grand championship of the annual Conecuh County 4-H and FFA Fat Calf Show held in Evergreen on this Monday at the Conecuh Stockyard Show Arena. The steer weighed 1,190 pounds and graded choice. Conecuh-Monroe Counties Gas District paid a premium 91 cents per pound for the champ.


April 21, 1981 - Cedarcrest in Oak Hill in Wilcox County, Ala. was placed on the Alabama Register of Landmarks and Heritage.

April 21, 1982 – NFL running back Cadillac Williams was born in Gadsden, Ala. He went on to play at Auburn, the Tampa Bay Buccaneers and the St. Louis Rams.

April 21, 1982 – Rollie Fingers of the Milwaukee Brewers became the first pitcher to record 300 saves.

April 21, 1983 – NFL quarterback Tarvaris Jackson was born in Montgomery, Ala. He went on to play for Sidney Lanier, Alabama State, the Minnesota Vikings, the Seattle Seahawks and the Buffalo Bills.

April 21, 1984 - David Palmer of the Montreal Expos pitched the fourth shortened, perfect game in major league baseball history. The game was called due to rain after five innings. Palmer had made 57 pitches.

April 21, 1986 - Geraldo Rivera opened a vault that belonged to Al Capone at the Lexington Hotel in Chicago. Nothing of interest was found inside.

April 21, 1991 - A television version of Alabama author Mary Raymond Shipman Andrews' book “The Perfect Tribute” was broadcast.

April 21, 1994 – The Evergreen Courant reported that Clayton Cobb had announced his candidacy for the office of coroner of Conecuh County in the upcoming Democratic primary. Cobb was a lifelong resident of the Brooklyn-Paul community. He was self-employed and operates Brooklyn Machine, Inc. He was a Blue Lodger and Scottish Rite Mason.

April 21, 1994 – The Evergreen Courant reported that when Conecuh County voters went to the polls that June they would be electing a new sheriff for the first time in 20 years. Conecuh County Sheriff Edwin L. Booker announced that week that he would not seek an unprecedented fifth term of office. He planned to retire when the new sheriff took office in January 1995.

April 21, 1994 – The Monroe Journal reported that J.F. Shields High School coach Herbert Blackmon and Monroe County High School senior forward Kewanna Booker had been named coach and player of the year, respectively, for the all-Monroe County girls basketball team. Other players on the all-county first team were Christy Agnew, Monroe Academy; Diane Bullard, MCHS; Renea Fountain, Shields; Tracy Griffin, MA; Aquinda Jackson, MCHS; Kim Parker, J.U. Blacksher; Bridget Riley, Shields; Tammie Stallworth, Shields; and Melissa White, Blacksher. Honorable mentions included MCHS coach Valerie Stephens and players Terrica Shomoe, Blacksher; Tara Acton, MA; Cleo Sanders, Shields; Demetrius Richardson, MCHS; Romona Watson, Shields; Tanjai English, Blacksher; Teresa Jackson, MCHS; and Staci Stephens, MA.

April 21, 2004 – Five suicide car bombers targeted police stations in and around Basra, killing 74 people and wounding 160.

April 21, 2006 - A movie version of Alabama author James Redfield's book “The Celestine Prophecy” was released.

George Singleton describes his simple secrets to happiness in modern world


(For decades, local historian and paranormal investigator George “Buster” Singleton published a weekly newspaper column called “Somewhere in Time.” The column below, which was titled “Secret to happiness is closer than you think” was originally published in the April 27, 2000 edition of The Monroe Journal in Monroeville, Ala.)

Most people nowadays have trouble finding something to occupy their time and keep them from being bored. They watch television from early morning until the late hours of the evening.

During a 24-hour period, they see at least three brutal murders re-enacted on the boob tube and at least three or four families broken up because of money or lack of money, hanky-panky among the parents or just plain boredom.

I watch television very little because I don’t have time to sit and watch a small piece of glass with figures dashing to and fro, kicking and killing like a bunch of nuts.

Mind you, I am not knocking the television industry. More power to their advertisements and the thousands of items that are supposed to make you stay younger, smell better, live longer, be happy living on a small island by yourself and acquire the macho look by using a certain brand of snuff, and all that goes with it.

Of course, no one has asked me what the secret is to being happy and probably won’t. But I believe I could tell them a thing or two about contentment, happiness, adventure and many other things that will keep you occupied.

I could tell them that one trip through the backwoods with the spring colors appearing across the hills would surpass any television program. I could tell them the challenge of investigating certain stories and legends around the area would provide more excitement than 40 murder stories or hidden loves among the rich and famous actors on the screen.

I could tell them of one early Indian village site that could provide enough interest and excitement to last a person for a whole month. I could suggest a certain hill, not too far away, where an evening sunset, like those I have witnessed during the past few weeks, would be remembered for a long, lone time.

I could give directions to a certain fresh water creek where you could stretch out in it on a hot summer day and never move again until frost fell in the late autumn.

I hear the excuses each day of being old, tired, afraid, retired and just plain lazy. I just don’t understand people, I guess. I long for the day when I can devote all my time to roaming the countryside, seeking and discovering the many things that await there.

I feel sorry for those individuals who don’t have the initiative to go forth and search for the unusual that is to be found almost everywhere throughout the hill country.

Once the barriers have been broken down that you keep from doing the above-mentioned things, a few items will need to be gathered for the spending of a perfect afternoon: A cheap coffee pot, a book of matches, some coffee in a small plastic bag. Now you are ready for almost anything.

Then, if you really want to live it to the highest expectations, acquire a good sleeping bag and a large sheet of plastic. Search out the high hills and find one where the wind blows through the pine trees.

Prepare to spend the night there atop the hill on the ground. Wrap up in the plastic to keep out the dew and moisture. Lie there in the solitude of the late evening and listen to the music of the sighing winds blowing through the pine needles.

Don’t be alarmed if a curious armadillo tries to get in the sleeping bag with you. He won’t hurt you; he is just looking for his evening meal.

Listen to the sounds of the coming darkness for a while before you go to sleep. Try to identify each sound as you fight off the sandman and drowsiness.

If at any time you feel that you are not the luckiest person in the whole world, remind yourself where you are and who is watching over you; the feeling of contentment and peace will begin to come there on the hill.

With the coming morning, look around you and learn to identify all the species of plants and trees. Learn to know which ones will cure various illnesses of mankind.

The knowledge of being able to live in harmony with nature brings on a feeling of great satisfaction. You become more sure of yourself; you become more aggressive with life’s daily problems.

You become ready to meet the problems head on. The desire to explore and seek out the mysteries that yet remain draws you forever onward.

Remember, you are a part of the universe. You have a right to be here, but you must also learn to respect the rights of everything else. They, too, are a part of this great plan. Happiness and contentment is here for all that search for it; don’t be found wanting.

And, as I sit here this late afternoon atop a high hill north of Flat Creek and watch the glorious sunset on the western horizon, I know that all is well within me.

I know that I am witnessing a breathtaking spectacle that all the money in the world cannot buy – a creation so wonderful that it could only be created by God himself.

(Singleton, the author of the 1991 book “Of Foxfire and Phantom Soldiers,” passed away at the age of 79 on July 19, 2007. A longtime resident of Monroeville, he was born during a late-night thunderstorm on Dec. 14, 1927 in Marengo County, graduated from Sweet Water High School in 1946, served as a U.S. Marine paratrooper in the Korean War, worked as a riverboat deckhand, lived for a time among Apache Indians, moved to Monroe County on June 28, 1964 and served as the administrator of the Monroeville National Guard unit from June 28, 1964 to Dec. 14, 1987. For years, Singleton’s columns, titled “Monroe County history – Did you know?” and “Somewhere in Time” appeared in The Monroe Journal, and he wrote a lengthy series of articles about Monroe County that appeared in Alabama Life magazine. It’s believed that his first column appeared in the March 25, 1971 edition of The Monroe Journal. He is buried in Pineville Cemetery in Monroeville. The column above and all of Singleton’s other columns are available to the public through the microfilm records at the Monroe County Public Library in Monroeville. Singleton’s columns are presented here each week for research and scholarship purposes and as part of an effort to keep his work and memory alive.)

Daily Rainfall Observations from SW Alabama for Sat., April 21, 2018

Rainfall (Past 24 Hours): 0.00 inches.

Week to Date Rainfall: 0.00 inches.

Month to Date Rainfall:  4.15 inches.

Spring to Date Rainfall: 6.20 inches.

Year to Date Rainfall: 16.55 inches.

Notes: Today is the 111th day of 2018 and the 33rd day of Spring. There are 255 days left in the year.

Readings taken at 0700 hours Central Standard Time (1300 GMT) daily, just west of the Monroe-Conecuh County line and south of U.S. Highway 84, near Excel, Alabama, USA, in the vicinity of Lat 31.42834N Lon 87.30131W. Elevation 400 feet above sea level. CoCoRaHS Station No. AL-MN-4, Station Name: Excel 2.5 ESE.Today 

Friday, April 20, 2018

Today in History for April 20, 2018


April 20, 1534 – Jacques Cartier, a French explorer, set sail from St. Malo, beginning his first voyage to what is today the east coast of Canada, the island of Newfoundland and Labrador.


April 20, 1745 – Philippe Pinel, one of the founders of psychiatry, was born in Saint-Andre, France.

April 20, 1775 – During the Revolutionary War, the Siege of Boston began, following the battles at Lexington and Concord.

April 20, 1775 - Virginia's Royal Governor Lord Dunmore attempted to take the gunpowder from the Williamsburg magazine. Patrick Henry led Patriots in a standoff with Dunmore's troops until a settlement was negotiated by Carter Braxton.

April 20, 1777 - In Kingston, the first New York state constitution was formally adopted by the Convention of Representatives of the State of New York.

April 20, 1789 – George Washington arrived at Grays Ferry, Philadelphia while en route to Manhattan for his inauguration.

April 20, 1801 – John Sampey Sr., one of Conecuh County, Alabama’s original settlers, cattle farmers and Methodists, was born in Belfast, County Antrim, Northern Ireland. He passed away at the age of 76 on July 8, 1877 and is buried in the Belleville United Methodist Church Cemetery.

April 20, 1818 – Burnt Corn was first mentioned on this day in the Acts of the Post Roads, an act that established a postal road “from Fort Mitchell, by Fort Bainbridge, Fort Jackson, Burnt Corn Springs, Fort Claiborne and the Town of Jackson to St. Stephens.”

April 20, 1832 - Hot Springs National Park was established by an act of the U.S. Congress. It was the first national park in the U.S.

April 20, 1836 – U.S. Congress passed an act creating the Wisconsin Territory.

April 20, 1841 - In Philadelphia, Pa., Edgar Allen Poe's first detective story, "The Murders in the Rue Morgue," was published in Graham's Magazine. His story has been credited with launching the detective genre or the 'whodunit' into popular culture.

April 20, 1850 – Sculptor Daniel Chester French 1850 was born in Exeter, N.H. He created the Minute Man statue in Concord, Mass. and the Abraham Lincoln statue in the Lincoln Memorial, Washington, D.C.

April 20, 1861 – During the Civil War, Colonel Robert E. Lee resigned his commission in the United States Army in order to command the forces of the state of Virginia. Two days earlier he had been offered command of the Union army.

April 20, 1861 – During the Civil War, the Federal arsenal at Liberty, Mo. was seized by state troops.

April 20, 1861 – George Lynch organized the Confederate Rifles at Hampton in Marengo County. Men from Wilcox and Marengo formed its ranks. Before the end of April, the men of the company left the county for Corinth, Miss.

April 20, 1862 – During the Civil War, Federal naval forces removed some of the Confederate-placed obstacles from the Mississippi River below Fort Jackson and Fort St. Philip in Louisiana.

April 20, 1863 – During the Civil War, skirmishes were fought at Bloomfield and Patterson in Missouri; and at Sandy Ridge, N.C. A 10-day Federal operation between Murfreesborough and McMinnville in Tennessee began. A three-day Federal operation between Belle Paine and Port Royal in Virginia began. Federal reconnaissance from Winchester to Wardenville and then to Strasburg in Virginia began. Opelousas and Washington in Louisiana were occupied by Federal forces.

April 20, 1864 - The Battle of Plymouth ended with the rebels capturing Plymouth, N.C. Confederates had attacked four days before in an attempt to recapture forts that had been lost to the Union two years before.

April 20, 1864 – During the Civil War, skirmishes were fought near Camden and Jacksonport in Arkansas; and at Natchitoches and Waterproof in Louisiana.

April 20, 1865 – During the Civil War, Federal forces occupied Macon, Ga.

April 20, 1871 - With passage of the Third Force Act, popularly known as the Ku Klux Act, Congress authorized President Ulysses S. Grant to declare martial law, impose heavy penalties against terrorist organizations, and use military force to suppress the Ku Klux Klan (KKK). Passage of the Ku Klux Act led to nine South Carolina counties being placed under martial law and thousands of arrests. In 1882, the U.S. Supreme Court declared the Ku Klux Act unconstitutional, but by that time Reconstruction had ended, and the KKK had faded away.

April 20, 1889 - Adolf Hitler was born in Braunau am Inn, Austria-Hungary.

April 20, 1893 – Spanish painter Joan Miro was born Joan Miro I Ferra in Barcelona.

April 20, 1895 – Three days after the “atrocious murder” of Watts Murphy, the posse having custody of the murderers were met by an armed mob near the Buckalew place on this Saturday night, and took the prisoners by force and hung them, leaving their bodies dangling from the limbs of trees.

April 20, 1896 - The Spring Term of the Circuit Court of Monroe County, Ala. convene at 12 p.m. on this Monday with the petit jury was organized on Thurs. April 23. Emmons was Circuit Clerk and John C. Anderson was the Judge. There were two to three capital cases on the criminal docket, but the civil docket was “unusually light.” Among the visiting attorneys, who attended court that week, were Col. J.W. Posey, G.R. Farnham, Jno. D. Burnett, J.F. Jones, Jas. Stallworth and Ernest Newton of Evergreen.

April 20, 1905 – The Monroe Journal reported that Will Ptomey, who shot and seriously injured Prof. Claude Hardy at Pine Apple, Ala. a few weeks before, had supposedly been captured at Waco, Texas. A reward of several hundred dollars had been offered.

April 20, 1905 – The Monroe Journal reported that the Brewton, Ala. grand jury had indicted F.L. Hancock, who was charged with first-degree murder in connection with the killing Prof. Jessee Troutman at Canoe on Jan. 1, 1905.

April 20, 1907 – A large “Memorial Day” celebration was held at Tunnel Springs, Ala. and the featured speaker was the Hon. W.R. Sawyer of Montgomery.

April 20, 1912 – Opening day for baseball's Tiger Stadium in Detroit and Fenway Park in Boston.

April 20, 1914 – The Ludlow Massacre occurred in Ludlow, Colo. after the National Guard opened fire on a group of striking coal miners, killing dozens of men, women and children.

April 20, 1915 – Confederate veteran W.T. Waren passed away at the age of 80 at Roy, Ala. while visiting one of his sons, Tunly Waren. Born on Nov. 30, 1834, he enlisted in Co. A, 23rd Alabama Regiment in August 1861 and returned home in April 1865. Waren is buried in the Owens Chapel Methodist Cemetery in Conecuh County.

April 20, 1916 – The Chicago Cubs played their first game at Weeghman Park (currently Wrigley Field), defeating the Cincinnati Reds, 7–6, in 11 innings.

April 20, 1916 – The Monroe Journal reported that, after spending the winter at their ranch home at Perdue Hill, Ala., Mr. and Mrs. V.J. Reinke returned to LaSalle, Ill. for a few months.

April 20, 1916 – The Monroe Journal reported that it was learned as The Journal went to press that Capt. Thos. S. Wiggins was “seriously ill and grave apprehensions are felt by his family and friends.” Wiggins had been in poor health for several months.

April 20, 1916 – In this day’s edition of The Conecuh Record, “Hughes the Jeweler” announced that “during the month of April I am going to sell my beautiful $10.75 diamond rings for $8.50 and my $15.75 ones for $11.50. They are 14-karat solid gold mountings and beautiful genuine cut diamonds.”

April 20, 1916 – The Monroe Journal reported that J.L. McKinley had been advised of his reappointment as rural carrier on motor Rural Route No. 1. The route was to be extended so as to cover a much wider area and to serve a larger population.

April 20, 1917 - The baseball season opened on the Evergreen baseball diamond on this Friday afternoon, when the Second District Agricultural School of Evergreen shut out Monroe County High School of Monroeville in both games of a doubleheader. The feature of the games was the fielding of Erwin of Evergreen and a home run by Dickerson of Evergreen. Evergreen won the first game, 2-0, and won the second game, 8-0.

April 20, 1917 - Capt. E. Downing of the Conecuh Guards spent this Friday in Evergreen on business. His company was doing guard duty at Mobile and Jackson. Downing was said to be very proud of his company and said the boys made the best showing of any company in the First Regiment on the border.

April 20, 1917 - Mrs. Mary B. Jones, mother of Chief J.C. Jones, died on this Friday, following a brief illness. Deceased with 74 years old and besides her son was survived by one sister, Mrs. Philyew, of Evergreen; one brother, Allen Rhodes of Austin, Texas; and one daughter, Mrs. Perdue of Greenville.

April 20, 1917 - An ambitous Allied offensive against German troops near the Aisne River in central France, spearheaded by the French commander in chief, Robert Nivelle, ended in dismal failure.

April 20, 1920 - In Starkville, Miss. and Waco, Ala., 88 people were killed by a tornado.

April 20, 1921 – The Evergreen Courant reported that more than six inches of rain had fallen during the past week, including 3.5 inches on April 11 and nearly three inches on April 15.

April 20, 1921 – In Butler County, Ala. Circuit Court, Jake Crenshaw, who was charged with the murder of Mrs. Foster Gafford, was convicted the second time and sentenced by Judge Gamble to hang on May 30.

April 20, 1925 – Pro Football Hall of Fame defensive tackle Ernie Stautner was born in Prinzing near Cham, Bavaria, Germany. He went on to play for Boston College and the Pittsburgh Steelers. He was inducted into the Hall of Fame in 1969.

April 20, 1930 – Lambert C. Mims, who would serve four terms as Mayor of Mobile, was born in Uriah, Ala.

April 20, 1937 – Ralph Clyde “Shorty” Propst, former Alabama football star, visited Evergreen High School in Evergreen, Ala. during a recruiting trip for Memphis College (now Rhodes College).

April 20, 1939 – Fantasy writer Peter S. Beagle was born in New York City. He is best known for his 1968 book, “The Last Unicorn.”

April 20, 1939 – Adolf Hitler's 50th birthday was celebrated as a national holiday in Nazi Germany.

April 20, 1940 – On this Saturday, the Brewton Millers baseball team lost a badly played 14-7 game in Tallassee.

April 20, 1940 - Gordon Barnes, age 25, a teacher in the Frisco City schools, drowned on this Saturday, on a fishing trip on the Alabama River, near Dixie Landing. The boat in which Barnes and his three companions were riding, overturned. Barnes, attempting to swim ashore, after holding onto the overturned boat for an hour, drowned, while his companions clung to the boat until they were rescued. The body of Mr. Barnes had not yet been located, as of April 25, 1940.

April 20, 1945 – Heisman Trophy winning football player and coach Steve Spurrier was born in Miami Beach, Fla.

April 20, 1945 – During World War II, Adolf Hitler made his last trip to the surface from his Führerbunker to award Iron Crosses to boy soldiers of the Hitler Youth.

April 20, 1949 - H.L. Riley assumed his duties as policeman for the City of Evergreen, Ala. on this Wednesday, succeeding R.Z. Wells, who resigned the week before to enter business for himself. Riley had been assigned to daytime duties. He was elected at a special meeting of the City Council held Monday morning, April 18. Riley was no novice at this job, he having served the City in this capacity for a number of years once before.

April 20, 1950 - Conecuh Chapter No. 217 Order of the Eastern Star honored Mrs. Rhoda Rae, worthy grand matron, and Mrs. Merle Chapman, grand condustress and other grand officers at a dinner at Fairview on this Thursday evening. Mrs. Carrie Pierce, worthy matron, welcomed the honored guest and presented each with a corsage. This being the golden jubilee of the Alabama Grand Chapter, the golden tones with green were used in the decorations. At the conclusion of the dinner, a special meeting of the chapter was held at the Masonic Hall, which was decorated with spring flowers. Mrs. Marrie Pierce, worthy matron, and Herbert Mellinger, worthy patron, presided in the East. Mrs. Rhoda Rae, worthy grand matron, was introduced by conductress Ponline Langham, and was escorted to the East and grand honors given her.

April 20, 1951 – The first organizational meeting of what would become Monroeville Little League was held at 6:30 p.m. at the Old Monroe County Courthouse in Monroeville, Ala.

April 20, 1953 – British novelist Sebastian Faulks was born in Newbury, England.

April 20, 1959 – Astronomer Morris K. Jessup, the author of “The Case for the UFO,” was found dead in Dade County, Fla., and his death was ruled a suicide. He was heavily involved in earlier research of the “Philadelphia Experiment.”

April 20, 1959 – The 13th Annual Conecuh County Fat Calf Show was scheduled to be held at the Conecuh Cooperative Stockyards. Assistant County Agent John Horne, J.H. Witherington and W.S. Coker made up a committee in charge of the show, and the committee took the place of the Evergreen Junior Chamber of Commerce as sponsors of the show. The local Jaycees founded the show in 1947 and had sponsored it each year since, but the group disbanded in the fall of 1958. About 40 head of cattle were expected to be shown during the event.

April 20, 1961 - FM stereo broadcasting was approved by the FCC.

April 20, 1964 - County 4-H’ers and FFA’ers were scheduled to exhibit some 50 fine, fed fat calves in the annual Conecuh County 4-H & FFA Fat Calf Show on this Monday. The show was scheduled to get underway at 9 a.m. in the show ring at Conecuh Cooperative Stockyard on North Main Street in Evergreen, Ala.

April 20, 1970 - In a televised speech, President Nixon pledged to withdraw 150,000 more U.S. troops over the next year “based entirely on the progress” of the Vietnamization program.

April 20, 1970 - Tommy Davis, 14-year-old son of Mr. and Mrs. R.J. Davis, Rt. 2, Evergreen, bagged a 12-pound gobbler on this Monday afternoon and it was his second of the spring. His first one was a sure enough big one, weighing 19 pounds. Tommy was in the eighth grade at Lyeffion High School and this was the first season he had hunted turkeys.

April 20, 1971 - The Pentagon released figures confirming that fragging incidents are on the rise.

April 20, 1975 - Weather observer Earl Windham reported that total rainfall for the month of April 1975, through April 20, was 16.2 inches in Evergreen, Ala.

April 20, 1976 – Actor, game show host and singer Joey Lawrence was born in Philadelphia, Pa.

April 20, 1979 - Millie Steans Cunningham, a native of Evergreen, Ala. who died on Nov. 18, 1978 in the infamous massacre and mass suicide in Jonestown, Guyana, South America, was buried at First Zion Church Cemetery in Conecuh County.

April 20, 1981 – The 36th Annual Conecuh County 4H and FFA Steer Show was scheduled to be held at the Evergreen, Ala. Cooperative Stockyard Livestock Arena.

April 20, 1985 – The ATF raided The Covenant, The Sword, and the Arm of the Lord compound in northern Arkansas.

April 20, 1985 - Sherri Marie Vice, daughter of Judy Vice of Monroeville and W.D. Vice of Enterprise, was named Monroe County’s Junior Miss on this Saturday night in the annual pageant at Patrick Henry Junior College.

April 20, 1986 – Pitcher Roger Clemens, then just 23 years old, had broken Steve Carlton’s modern (post-1900) record of 19 strikeouts in a single game during an outing against the Seattle Mariners at Fenway Park in Boston, Mass.

April 20, 1991 - The fifth annual Castleberry Strawberry Festival was scheduled to be held in Castleberry, Ala., beginning at 6:30 a.m. and ending at 10 p.m.

April 20, 1998 – According to the “USA Snapshots” feature in this day’s issue of USA Today, 52 percent of all adult Americans believe that encounters with the dead (ghosts) are possible.

April 20, 1999 - The Monroeville (Ala.) City Council agreed to the painting of a mural on the three-foot high wall on the west side of the lake at Whitey Lee Park. April Poole, who was coordinating the project, said the mural was in memory of Jill Kirkland. The 280-foot long wall was to be painted yellow with butterflies, according to Poole. In other business on this Tuesday night, the council agreed to spend $104 for the repair of the mural at the corner of South Alabama Avenue and East Claiborne Street.

April 20, 2010 - In the Gulf of Mexico, the Deepwater Horizon oil platform exploded. Eleven workers were killed. 

April 20, 2015 – Pro Football Hall of Fame offensive tackle Bob St. Clair died at the age of 84 in Santa Rosa, Calif. During his career, he played for the University of San Francisco, Tulsa and the San Francisco 49ers. He was inducted into the Hall of Fame in 1990.