Thursday, May 14, 2015

Today in History for May 14, 2015

Robert Hoke
May 14, 1607 - The London Company explorers from England landed in what would become Jamestown, Va., the first English settlement in the New World. The colony lay on the banks of the James River, 60 miles from the mouth of Chesapeake Bay.

May 14, 1692 – In connection with the Salem witchcraft trials, the Reverend Increase Mather and Sir William Phips, the newly appointed governor of the colony, arrived in Boston. They brought with them a new charter establishing the Province of Massachusetts Bay.

May 14, 1787 – In Philadelphia, delegates convened a Constitutional Convention to write a new Constitution for the United States. George Washington presided. The meetings were pushed back to May 25 when a sufficient number participants had arrived.

May 14, 1796 – Doctor Edward Jenner inoculated an eight-year-old boy with a vaccine for smallpox, the first safe vaccine ever developed.

May 14, 1804 – The Lewis and Clark Expedition departed from Camp Dubois and began its historic journey by traveling up the Missouri River.

May 14, 1825 – During his tour of the United States, the Marquis de Lafayette attended dinner and a ball in Frankfort, Ky.

May 14, 1849 - A black rain fell in Ireland upon an area of 400 square miles. It was the color of ink and "of a fetid odor and disagreeable taste," according to the Annals of Scientific Discovery.

May 14, 1862 – During the Civil War, a skirmish was fought at Lamb's Ferry, Ala.

May 14, 1863 – During the Civil War, the Battle of Jackson took place as two Union corps under William T. Sherman and James McPherson drove Confederates under Joseph Johnston out of Jackson, Miss.

May 14, 1864 – The Battle of Resaca, Ga. began. This was one of the first fights in Union General William T. Sherman's campaign to capture Atlanta. The battle was considered a tactical victory for the Rebels because they had maintained their position and thwarted the Union offense.

May 14, 1864 – The Second Battle of Drewry’s Bluff (or the Proctor’s Creek engagement) began when part of Union Maj. Gen. Benjamin F. Butler's Army of the James feigned an attack toward Richmond from Bermuda Hundred. After two days of skirmishing, Federals led by Maj. Gen. William F. Smith and Maj. Gen. Quincy A. Gillmore captured the outer Confederate earthworks here. At dawn on May 16, however, the Confederates under Maj. Gen. Robert F. Hoke and Maj. Gen. Robert Ransom, Jr., launched several assaults from the inner defenses just north. By midmorning the Federals began retreating south to the Half-Way House. The 59th Alabama Infantry Regiment was there as well, and it’s possible Lewis Lavon Peacock was there too.

May 14, 1870 – James McLaughlin purchased The Monroe Journal newspaper.

May 14, 1874 - McGill University and Harvard met at Cambridge, Mass. for the first college football game to charge admission.

May 14, 1875 - Alabama author Garrard Harris was born in Columbus, Ga.

May 14, 1878 – National Baseball Hall of Fame owner J.L. Wilkinson was born in Algona, Iowa.

May 14, 1881 – National Baseball Hall of Fame pitcher Ed Walsh was born in Plains Township, Pa. He went on to play for the Chicago White Sox and the Boston Braves and managed the White Sox in 1924. He was inducted into the Hall of Fame in 1946.

May 14, 1881 - Harper's Weekly featured a cartoon bemoaning the high price of gas.

May 14, 1897 - "The Stars and Stripes Forever" by John Phillip Sousa was performed for the first time. It was at a ceremony where a statue of George Washington was unveiled near Willow Grove Park, Pa.

May 14, 1899 – National Baseball Hall of Fame center fielder Earle Combs was born in Pebworth, Ky. He played his entire career (1924-1935) for the New York Yankees. He was inducted into the Hall of Fame in 1970.

May 14, 1900 – Nature writer Hal Borland was born in Sterling, Nebraska (1900).

May 14, 1906 - The flagpole at the White Sox ballpark broke during the pennant-raising.

May 14, 1913 - Walter Johnson of the Washington Senators ended his scoreless streak of 56 innings.

May 14, 1918 - Stan Coveleski of the Cleveland Indians set a club record when he pitched 19 innings.

May 14, 1918 - Sunday baseball games were made legal in Washington, D.C.

May 14, 1920 - Walter Johnson of the Washington Senators won his 300th game against Detroit.

May 14, 1942 – National Baseball Hall of Fame first baseman and third baseman Tony Perez was born in Ciego de Ávila, Cuba. He went on to play for the Cincinnati Reds, the Montreal Expos, the Boston Red Sox and the Philadelphia Philles. He also managed the Reds and the Florida Marlins. He was inducted into the Hall of Fame in 2000.

May 14, 1944 - The first episode of the radio program “The World and America,” written by Frank Callan Norris, John McNulty and Alabama author Carl Carmer, was broadcast.

May 14, 1947 – Travel writer and novelist Mary Morris was born in Chicago.

May 14, 1953 – The Evergreen Greenies, managed by Zell Murphy, were scheduled to play Brewton “under the lights” at Liles Park in Brewton, Ala.

May 14, 1953 – The Evergreen Courant reported that Evergreen High School had to say so long to popular assistant coach Ralph Law, who had been called into service in the Air Force. Law served two years in the Navy during WWII and was commissioned as a second lieutenant in the Air Force when he graduated from Auburn.

May 14, 1953 – The Evergreen Courant reported that Conecuh Representative R.G. Kendall Jr. of Evergreen, Ala. had been elected Speaker Pro-Tem of the Alabama House of Representatives by a vote of 69-0. Kendall was serving his first term in the state legislature. He was elected in 1950 after serving a four-year term as Senator from the 17th District.

May 14, 1961 – The Freedom Riders bus was fire-bombed near Anniston, Alabama, and the civil rights protesters were beaten by an angry mob.

May 14, 1967 - Mickey Mantle of the New York Yankees hit his 500th career home run.

May 14, 1969 – Army Sgt. Willie James Chapman of Jackson, Ala. was killed in action in Vietnam.

May 14, 1972 - Willie Mays hit a home run in his first game as a New York Met.

May 14, 1986 - Reggie Jackson hit his 537th home run. He passed Mickey Mantle to move into sixth place on the all-time list.

May 14, 1989 - Kirby Pucket hit his sixth consecutive double.

May 14, 1994 - Alabama journalist Hazel Brannon Smith died in Cleveland, Tenn.

May 14, 1995 - Eddie Murray hit his 463rd career home run to tie for 18th on the all-time list.

May 14, 1996 – Dwight “Doc” Gooden pitched a no-hitter against the Seattle Mariners.

May 14, 1997 - The Baseball Executive Council suspended New York Yankees owner George Steinbrenner.

May 14, 2000 - Alabama author C. Eric Lincoln died in Durham, N.C.

May 14, 2014 – Evergreen, Ala. received 4.91 inches of rain.

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