|Pvt. Claud Crawford Franklin|
March 24, 1629 - The first game law was passed in the American colonies by Virginia.
March 24, 1664 - A charter to colonize Rhode Island was granted to Roger Williams in London.
March 24, 1692 – In connection with the Salem witchcraft trials, Jonathan Corwin and John Hathorne examined Rebecca Nurse and Dorothy Good.
March 24, 1755 – Rufus King, one of the signers of the U.S. Constitution, was born in Scarborough, Mass. (now Maine).
March 24, 1765 – During the American Revolution, the British Parliament passed the Quartering Act, which required the Thirteen Colonies to house British troops. The act also required the American colonies to house 10,000 British troops in public and private buildings and outlined the conditions and locations in which British soldiers were to find room and board in the American colonies.
March 24, 1820 – Hymn writer Fanny Crosby was born in Southeast, N.Y.
March 24, 1824 – Creek Indian leader and warrior William Weatherford (Red Eagle) died at the age of 58 at his plantation in Baldwin County, Ala.
March 24, 1832 - In Washington, D.C., representatives of the Creek Indians signed a treaty ceding "to the United States all their land, East of the Mississippi," which included large portions of east Alabama. Known as the Treaty of Cusseta, it was negotiated in the wake of the Indian Removal Act of 1830. Approximately 20,000 Creeks were removed to the Oklahoma Indian Territory by 1840, although some remained, including the ancestors of the Poarch Band of Creeks, who are concentrated near Atmore, Alabama.
March 24, 1834 – John Wesley Powell, a U.S. soldier, geologist and explorer of American West, was born in Mount Morris, N.Y. He is famous for the 1869 Powell Geographic Expedition, a three-month river trip down the Green and Colorado rivers, including the first known passage by Europeans through the Grand Canyon.
March 24, 1853 - William Rufus King of Selma, Ala. was inaugurated as Vice President of the United States near Havana, Cuba. Elected the previous fall on the Democratic ticket with Franklin Pierce, King had been in the warm Cuban climate since January in an attempt to recover his failing health. When it became apparent that he would be unable to travel to Washington for the inauguration, Congress passed a special act to allow him to take the oath of office in Cuba. When his health did not improve, King returned to Alabama, where he died April 18, 1853, never formally serving as Vice President.
March 24, 1854 – Slavery was abolished in Venezuela.
March 24, 1862 - Abolitionist orator Wendell Phillips was booed while attempting to give a lecture in Cincinnati, Ohio. The angry crowd was opposed to fighting for the freedom of slaves, as Phillips advocated. He was pelted with rocks and eggs before friends whisked him away when a small riot broke out. The incident demonstrated the fierce resistance that existed in the Northern states to the proposition of fighting a war to free the slaves.
March 24, 1862 – During the Civil War, a Federal operation was conducted in Saint Clair and Henry counties, Missouri, and a skirmish was fought at Camp Jackson, Tenn. The last of Confederate general Albert S. Johnston’s troops also arrived in Corinth, Miss. from Murfreesborough, Tenn.
March 24, 1863 – During the Civil War, an eight-day reconnaissance was conducted from Fayetteville, Ark., and Federal reconnaissance was conducted to Ponchatoula, La., sometimes called Hermitage Landing. A nine-day Federal operation also began between Bloomfield and Scatterville, Mo.
March 24, 1863 – During the Civil War, skirmishes were fought with Indians along the Eel River, Calif.; at Ocklockonnee Bay, Fla.; in the vicinity of Danville, Ky.; in the vicinity of Rocky Hock Creek, N.C.; and near La Grange, Tenn. on Davis’ Mill Road.
March 24, 1864 - An eight-day Federal operation between Batesville and Coon Creek, Ark. began, and a Federal operation against Indians near Camp Lincoln in the Oregon Territory began. Confederate cavalry under the command of Nathan Bedford Forrest captured Union City, Tenn.
March 24, 1864 – During the Civil War, skirmishes were fought at Oil Trough Bottom, in the vicinity of Crossroads, Ark.; and near Goodrich Landing, La.
March 24, 1864 - Federal Military Intelligence reports were coming in from North Carolina indicating that the long-anticipated completion date had arrived early for the ironclad, CSS Albermarle. This formidable vessel featured a double layer of iron plating, instead of one as was usual in ironclads. The “torpedoes” (more like floating mines) were being pulled out of the river below Hamilton, N.C., to allow her to go to sea.
March 24, 1865 – During the Civil War, a skirmish occurred near Dannelly’s Mill, Ala.
March 24, 1865 – Spurling’s Raid continued in Conecuh County, Ala. as Union troops destroyed the railroad at Gravella (present-day Owassa). Evergreen and Sparta were also attacked on this day, and Willie McCreary of Belleville was taken prisoner.
March 24, 1865 – During the Civil War, Federal operations were conducted in the Bayou Bieuf and Bayou Chemise, La. Skirmishes were fought at Rollo, Mo.; and along Moccasin Creek in North Carolina.
March 24, 1874 – Magician and escape artist Harry Houdini, who was also a Freemason, was born in Budapest, Austria-Hungary.
March 24, 1882 – Nobel Prize-winning German doctor and early microbiologist Robert Koch announced that he had found the bacterium responsible for tuberculosis.
March 24, 1886 – Walter Taylor, one of the founders of the United Methodist Church in Jackson, Ala., passed away at the age of 69. He built the Taylor House in Jackson around 1841, and it was moved to Leroy in 1985.
March 24, 1886 – The Rev. B.F. Riley of Livingston, a brother of Capt. T.M. Riley of Turnbull, was in Monroeville on this Wednesday.
March 24, 1893 – National Baseball Hall of Fame first baseman George Sisler was born in Manchester, Ohio. He would go on to play for the St. Louis Browns, the Washington Senators and the Boston Braves. He was inducted into the Hall of Fame in 1939.
March 24, 1894 – Outlaw Wyatt Tate killed constable William Ikner, who was trying to serve process on Tate. In response to the killing, Monroe County, Ala. Sheriff J.D. Foster organized a posse to capture Tate and proceeded to his home on April 3. Foster assured Tate of protection, but instead of surrendering, Tate escaped through a trapdoor, ambushed Foster and shot him. Foster died a few hours later. Tate, who was considered heavily armed, remained at large with a high reward on his head until May 12 when he was found at the “Marshall place” near Finchburg and killed by Murdoch M. Fountain. I.B. Slaughter was appointed to fulfill the remainder of Foster’s term, and former Sheriff J.S. Harrengton was made his chief deputy.
March 24, 1896 – A. S. Popov made the first radio signal transmission in history.
March 24, 1903 – British journalist and social critic Malcolm Muggerdige was born in Croydon, Surrey.
March 24, 1905 – Jules Verne, the “Father of Science Fiction,” passed away at the age of 77 in Amiens, France.
March 24, 1906 - J.F. McKinley passed through Monroeville, Ala. on this Saturday on his return from Mobile to his home at River Ridge. McKinley told The Monroe Journal that he felt good over the sale of his cotton crop and a raft of timber at good prices.
March 24, 1914 - The movie “The Peacock Feather Fan,” screenplay written by Alabama author Marie Stanley under her maiden name Marie Layet, was released.
March 24, 1915 – Former North Carolina governor Robert Broadnax Glenn spoke on “behalf of the prohibition cause” at 2 p.m. at the Conecuh County Courthouse in Evergreen, Ala. Glenn was the 51st Governor of North Carolina, serving from 1905 to 1909.
March 24, 1915 – Monroe County, Ala. Circuit Court adjourned. The case of the State vs. J.R. Bailey, charged with murder, resulted in an acquittal. This case was tried more than a year before and resulted in conviction and a five-year sentence. The defendant appealed, and the case was reversed by the supreme court.
March 24, 1916 – A recital by the music and expression pupils of Miss Shell was scheduled to be given at the Jones Mill School auditorium on this Friday at 8 p.m.
March 24, 1916 - Among the delegation from Monroe County, Ala. who attended the Forrest Highway meeting in Montgomery on this Friday were: F.W. Hare, L.J. Bugg, G.B. Barnett, C.E. Barker, Rev. C.A. Williams, W.G. McCorvey, J.B. Barnett, Clifton Hines and Q. Salter of Monroeville, J.K. Kyser, Dr. W.G. Hairston and Dr. H.C. Fountain of Burnt Corn, C.J. Jackson of Tunnel Springs and J.U. Blacksher of Uriah.
March 24, 1918 – During World War I, Army Pvt. Claud Crawford Franklin, 24, of Brewton, Ala. died from pneumonia at Camp Wheeler, Ga. while serving in Co. G of the 123rd U.S. Infantry Regiment. Born on Jan. 1, 1894, he was buried in the Union Cemetery in Brewton.
March 24, 1918 - German forces crossed the Somme River, achieving their first goal of the major spring offensive begun three days earlier on the Western Front.
March 24, 1919 – Poet and bookseller Lawrence Ferlinghetti was born in Bronxville, N.Y.
March 24, 1932 - Belle Baker hosted a radio variety show from a moving train. It was the first radio broadcast from a train.
March 24, 1932 – The Monroe Journal reported that Fielden Dailey of Tunnel Springs had killed a large hog during the previous week, and the hog weighed 840 pounds.
March 24, 1932 – The Monroe Journal reported that Professor and Mrs. J.A. York, Miss Mamie Boroughs, Miss Elsie Buntin and Miss Marguerite Walters attended the meeting of the Alabama Educational Association in Birmingham during the previous week.
March 24, 1932 – The Monroe Journal reported that L.J. Bugg of Monroeville had established South Alabama headquarters in Montgomery for Franklin D. Roosevelt, following his appointment as campaign manager of that district by W.C. Fitts of Birmingham, state Roosevelt manager. Shortly after accepting the appointment from Mr. Fitts on Thurs., March 17, Bugg issued the following statement: “Believing that a majority of the people of Alabama and of the United States want Gov. Franklin D. Roosevelt nominated for president and that if he is nominated, they will elect him president, I have accepted the appointment as campaign manager for him in South Alabama with headquarters at Montgomery.”
March 24, 1937 – Award winning pilot and author of “The Spirit’s Journey,” David McKenzie born in Linden, Ala.
March 24, 1938 – The Evergreen Courant reported, in news from Evergreen (Ala.) High School, that “the biggest surprise of last week occurred when Mr. Hanks told the student body that some of the best basketball players on the junior teams were to play in a state tournament in Montgomery. This game was scheduled for Saturday (March 19). They did not win the tournament but they showed good sportsmanship and we feel very proud of them. Vaughn Fountain, who was selected to play on the second teams, was awarded a medal.”
March 24, 1938 – The Evergreen Courant reported that work had started on the paving project from Greenville to the Butler County line on the Greenville-Luverne section of Alabama Highway No. 10.
March 24, 1944 – Retired U.S. Marine Corps drill instructor and actor R. Lee Ermey was born in Emporia, Kansas. He is best known for his role as Gunnery Sergeant Hartman in “Full Metal Jacket,” which earned him a Golden Globe Award nomination for Best Supporting Actor.
March 24, 1945 – Pfc. Neadie Crawford was killed in action in Germany. His wife, Louise Pierce Crawford, learned of his death through a telegram she received from the War Department on April 8, according to The Evergreen Courant. Neadie Crawford is buried at Henri-Chapelle American Cemetery and Memorial, Henri-Chapelle, Arrondissement de Verviers, Liège, Belgium.
March 24, 1953 - Miss Margaret Nelson, member of the faculty of Conecuh County High School in Castleberry, Ala., was awarded the Helen Keller Trophy as Conecuh County’s Woman of the Year for 1952 at presentation ceremonies on this Tuesday afternoon at the Evergreen Community House. It was the third annual award made by the Helen Keller Club. Mrs. Jack Kinzer presented the award to Miss Nelson. Guest speaker for the occasion was Dr. Rebecca Pate of Alabama Polytechnic Institute’s Graduate School of Home Economics.
March 24, 1955 - Tennessee Williams' play "Cat on a Hot Tin Roof" debuted on Broadway at the Morosco Theatre, two days before Williams’s 44th birthday. The play earned Williams his second Pulitzer Prize for drama.
March 24, 1955 – Hattie Andrews, a native of Pineapple, passed away in Fairhope, Ala. at the age of 70. She began working as head matron of the girls cottage at the Alabama Baptist Orphanage in Evergreen in 1913. She continued to work at the orphanage even after it moved to Troy and retired in 1947 due to poor health. She is buried in Colony Cemetery in Fairhope.
March 24, 1959 - George Ashcraft was elected to serve as president of the Evergreen High School Parent-Teacher Association during the 1959-1960 school year. He and other officers were elected at the regular meeting of the PTA on this Tuesday night. Elected to serve with Ashcraft were: Mrs. Ruby Moses, vice-president; Percy Brantley, treasurer; and Mrs. W.J. Millsap, secretary.
March 24, 1960 - A U.S. appeals court ruled that the novel, "Lady Chatterly’s Lover" by D.H. Lawrence, was not obscene and could be sent through the mail.
March 24, 1962 – Edward Brian McCleary and four friends were reportedly attacked by a sea serpent while diving near the ruins of the sunken Massachusetts in Pensacola Bay, Fla. McCleary was the long survivor, and his tale was retold in the May 1965 issue of Fate Magazine.
March 24, 1962 – Swiss physicist, inventor and explorer Auguste Piccard passed away at the age of 78 in Lausanne, Switzerland.
March 24, 1965 – During the Vietnam War, the first “teach-in” was conducted at the University of Michigan at Ann Arbor; 200 faculty members participated by holding special anti-war seminars.
March 24, 1968 - Burglars broke into the Western Auto Store in Evergreen, Ala. in the early hours on this Sunday morning and got away with several thousand dollars’ worth of money and merchandise, according to owner Pete Wolff. The thieves entered the Western Auto through an upstairs back window. Wolff said they got $450 in currency, a collection of old coins from a half-cent piece to silver dollars valued at several thousand dollars, two shotguns, one automatic rifle and one old gold chain link bracelet, unvalued.
March 24, 1975 - The North Vietnamese “Ho Chi Minh Campaign” began.
March 24, 1976 – NFL quarterback Peyton Manning was born in New Orleans, La. He would go on to play for Tennessee, the Indianapolis Colts and the Denver Broncos.
March 24, 1976 – NFL quarterback Aaron Brooks was born in Newport News, Va. He went on to play for the University of Virginia, the Green Bay Packers, the New Orleans Saints and the Oakland Raiders.
March 24, 1977 – The Monroe Journal reported that local, state and federal law enforcement officers were continuing an investigation begun on Wed., March 16, when the body of a 16-year-old North Carolina girl was found north of Franklin in Monroe County. The body of Naomi Rolan of Hudson, N.C. was found about 9 p.m. after two teenage escapees from a North Carolina state prison system honor camp told Wilcox County authorities where to find it, according to Monroe County Sheriff Lenwood Sager. The body was found in a pile of pine tops in front of the victim’s automobile, which the escapees allegedly drove from North Carolina, Sager said. It was on a wooded dirt road off State Highway 41, about 50 or 75 yards, about a mile north of Franklin. The body apparently had been run over with a car, Sager said, and “it had bruises all over it.” There also were stab wounds.
March 24, 1983 – The Evergreen Courant reported that Julie Salter, the wife of World Champion Turkey Caller Eddie Salter, had bagged a fine gobbler over the weekend. The wild turkey weighed 17-1/2 pounds, had a nine-inch beard and the spurs measured three-quarters of an inch.
March 24, 1983 – The Evergreen Courant reported that McArthur Thompson was still missing, in spite of a massive widespread search for him by the Evergreen Police Department, Conecuh County Sheriff Edwin Booker’s staff, the State Troopers and the Alabama Bureau of Investigation. Thompson, a black male, approximately six feet tall, 175 pounds, who dragged one foot, was last seen about four weeks before, according to his mother, who reported him missing. Sheriff Booker said that all law enforcement agencies, including Conservation Department Enforcement Officers, were still working around the clock trying to locate the missing man. The sheriff also said that Larry Fluker, local NAACP leader, had offered the help of his organization and had “spread the word” in communities over the county. Thompson was last seen by some of his associates on March 11, 1983. The strangest thing about the case of Thompson was that he was scheduled to appear in court as a prosecuting witness.
March 24, 1985 - A naturally occurring pocket of methane gas in the La Brea tar pits area of Los Angeles exploded, injuring 21 patrons of a nearby Ross Dress For Less store.
March 24, 1986 – The 41st Annual Conecuh County 4-H and FFA Steer Show was held at the Evergreen, Ala. Livestock Arena. Johnny Grace of Lyeffion High School exhibited the Grand Champion Steer, which weighed 1,250 pounds.
March 24, 1995 – The Grove Hill Courthouse Square Historic District added to the Alabama Register of Landmarks and Heritage. (Boundaries are roughly Cobb, Court, Jackson and Main Streets.)
March 24, 1995 – Mount Zion School in Greenville, Ala. was added to the Alabama Register of Landmarks and Heritage.
March 24, 1997 - Alabama journalist and author Lael Tucker Wertenbaker died in Keene, N.H.
March 24, 1998 - A former FBI agent said papers found in James Earl Ray's car supported a conspiracy theory in the assassination of Rev. Martin Luther King Jr.
March 24, 2003 – The Arab League voted, 21–1, in favor of a resolution demanding the immediate and unconditional removal of U.S. and British soldiers from Iraq.
March 24, 2009 – National Baseball Hall of Fame third baseman George Kell passed away at the age of 86 in Swifton, Ark. During his career, he played for the Philadelphia Athletics, the Detroit Tigers, the Boston Red Sox, the Chicago White Sox and the Baltimore Orioles. He was inducted into the Hall of Fame in 1983.