Monday, August 6, 2018

Today in History for Aug. 6, 2018

Beloit Industrial Institute in Dallas County, Ala. 

Aug. 6, 1623 – Anne Hathaway, the wife of William Shakespeare died at the age of 67.

Aug. 6, 1777 – During the American Revolutionary War, the bloody Battle of Oriskany prevented American relief of the Siege of Fort Stanwix.

Aug. 6, 1786 - Scotland's beloved poet and bard Robert Burns, best remembered for romantic classics like "Auld Lang Syne" and "A Red, Red Rose," stood before his church a third and final time as public penance for "antenuptial fornication" with Jean Armour.

Aug. 6, 1787 – Sixty proof sheets of the Constitution of the United States were delivered to the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania and the debate began over the first draft of the U.S. Constitution.

Aug. 6, 1809 – Victorian poet Alfred, Lord Tennyson was born in Lincolnshire, England.

Aug. 6, 1817 – Amos Lawrence, founder of the mills which bore his name, sighted the “Monster of Gloucester” and issued a proclamation to that effect.

Aug. 6, 1856 – Walter Cleveland, the first child of Stephen and Eliza Creagh Cleveland, was born. (Jeffrey’s Latest 13: More Alabama Ghosts by Kathryn Tucker Windham, “A Promise Kept,” Page 46.)

Aug. 6, 1861 – During the Civil War, Ambrose Everett Burnside, U.S. Army, was appointed brigadier general.

Aug. 6, 1861 - The Federal camp “Dick Robinson” was established near Lexington, Kentucky to bolster the standing of pro-Union men in the area.

Aug. 6, 1862 – During the Civil War, the C.S.S. Arkansas, the most feared Confederate ironclad on the Mississippi River, was blown up by her crew after suffering catastrophic mechanical problems and running aground during a battle with the U.S.S. Essex near Baton Rouge, La. The crew blew up the Arkansas to keep it from falling into Yankee hands. Although the Arkansas was never defeated, unreliable engines doomed the craft to an early death.

Aug. 6, 1862 – During the Civil War, skirmishes were fought with Indians near Fort Gaston, Calif.; at Kirksville, Mo.; at Tazewell, Tenn.; at Malvern Hill, Thornburg and Mattapony, or Massaponax Church, in Virginia; at Beech Creek and Pack’s Ferry on the New River in West Virginia.

Aug. 6, 1863 – During the Civil War, the Union vessel, Sea Bride, was captured in the Atlantic Ocean, near the Cape of Good Hope, by the Confederate raider, CSS Alabama.

Aug. 6, 1863 – During the Civil War, a three-day Federal operation began in the communities of Greenfield, Golden Grove and Carthage in Missouri. A four-day Federal operation began between Lexington and Hopewell in Missouri.

Aug. 6, 1863 – During the Civil War, skirmishes were fought near Fairfax Courthouse, Va.; and at Cacapon Mountain and Moorefield in West Virginia.

Aug. 6, 1864 – During the Civil War, a skirmish occurred on the Somerville Road near Decatur, Ala.

Aug. 6, 1864 - Union forces attacked the Confederates at Utoy Creek, and the Union forces were repulsed.

Aug. 6, 1864 – During the Civil War, a 10-day Federal operation began from Little Rock to the Little Red River in Arkansas; and a four-day Federal operation began in Saline County, Mo.

Aug. 6, 1864 – During the Civil War, skirmishes were fought at Indian Village and Plaquemine in Louisiana.

Aug. 6, 1874 - Law officers killed Jim Reed, the first husband of the famous bandit queen Belle Starr.

Aug. 6, 1878 – The Monroe Journal reported that a few days before near Monroeville, an infant child of Mr. and Mrs. Chandler, in the third stage of tuberculous meningitis.

Aug. 6, 1878 – The Monroe Journal reported that Capt. Locklin had about completed his new warehouse at Claiborne and would be prepared to offer superior inducements to farmers and merchants in the fall for their patronage. The warehouse was said to have every facility for the accommodation and convenience of patrons and no pains were to be spared to give general satisfaction to the public. This made the third warehouse erected on the same spot, the other two having been burned down by “some incendiary fiend.”

Aug. 6, 1878 – The Monroe Journal reported that the new saloon at Perdue Hill was “handsomely fixed up and looks neat, cozy and enticing. The liquors and cigars are the best brands, the wines are the best the market affords and the best beer is always kept on tap.”

Aug. 6, 1881 – Sir Alexander Fleming, the bacteriologist who discovered the antibacterial properties of penicillin, was born in Lochfield, Scotland.

Aug. 6, 1885 – Prof. James A. York, who would serve as principal of Monroe County High School, was born at Pinckard in Dale County, Ala. He was elected in the latter part of 1918 to serve as principal at MCHS in Monroeville, Ala.

Aug. 6, 1886 – The Monroe Journal reported that the “magnificent new boat,” the Nettie, built at Wheeling, West Virginia, for John Quill was expected to make “her first trip up” on this day, a Friday.

Aug. 6, 1886 – The Monroe Journal reported that a “negro woman was found dead in a hollow log” near Belleville in Conecuh County one day during the previous week.

Aug. 6, 1886 – The Monroe Journal reported that Sam Yarborough was engaged in completing his “handsome new suburban residence. When it is completed, Sam will have one of the handsomest, as well as one of the most comfortable, residences in the place.”

Aug. 6, 1886 – The Monroe Journal reported that Sheriff Burns was on a visit to his family at Pineville that week.

Aug. 6, 1886 – The Monroe Journal reported, in news from the Turnbull community, that Capt. T. Riley was contemplating a visit to Selma that week.

Aug. 6, 1890 - At New York's Auburn Prison, axe murderer William Kemmler became the first person to be executed by electric chair.

Aug. 6, 1890 - Cy Young achieved his first Major League Baseball pitching victory. He would accumulate 511 in his career.

Aug. 6, 1895 – The first open boll of cotton reported in Monroe County, Ala. during the 1895 season was left at The Monroe Journal office on this day by farmer Frank Salter, who lived near Monroeville.

Aug. 6, 1906 - D.C. Mims of McGill stopped over in Monroeville on this Monday on his way to attend the County Masonic Conference at Tunnel Springs.

Aug. 6, 1907 - The Monroe County Masonic Conference was scheduled to meet in annual session with Blacksher Lodge, No. 593, at Maros on this Tuesday. Past Grand Master James A. Bilbro, Grand Lecturer Angus M. Scott and other prominent Masons had accepted invitations to be present. Wed., Aug. 7, was to be devoted to public exercises and an address was to be delivered by Judge Bilbro. Every lodge in the county was earnestly urged to send a full quota of delegates and a cordial welcome was extended to visiting brethren.

Aug. 6, 1909 – Children’s author and National Book Award winner Norma Farber was born in Boston, Mass.

Aug. 6, 1915 – John Salter and Robert Watkins were hanged around 11 a.m. at the gallows at the Conecuh County Courthouse in Evergreen, Ala. by Sheriff Williams for the brutal murder of Martha Lassister on June 23. At the same time, they made a brutal assault on Wiley House, left him for dead, set fire to his house and fled. Watkins was hung first, followed by Salter, and both were buried in the same grave.

Aug. 6, 1915 - Allied forces commanded by Sir Frederick Stopford landed at Suvla Bay, on the Aegean Sea, to launch a fresh attack against Turkish and German forces on the Gallipoli Peninsula during World War I.

Aug. 6, 1916 – Pulitzer Prize-winning historian Richard Hofstadter was born in Buffalo, N.Y.

Aug. 6, 1930 – During his Senate campaign, John Hollis Bankhead Jr. spoke to an overflow crowd at the Old Monroe County Courthouse in Monroeville, Ala.

Aug. 6, 1930 – New York Supreme Court Justice Joseph Force Crater, 41, stepped into a taxi in Manhattan near Times Square and mysteriously disappeared never to be seen again. He was declared legally dead in 1939.

Aug. 6, 1931 – A charity baseball game between the Methodists and the Baptists resulted in a 9-6 win by the Methodists at Gantt Field in Evergreen. The score was tied on two different occasions, at the end of the third inning and in the sixth. In the seventh, the Methodists succeeded in putting over three more scores to win the game. The game was sponsored by the Lions Club with proceeds to go to the Boy Scouts. The game was originally scheduled for June 23, but ended in a 0-0 tie due to rain.

Aug. 6, 1931 - Gov. B.M. Miller late on this Thursday appointed Leonard W. Price of Evergreen as Probate Judge of Conecuh County to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Judge S.P. Dunn.

Aug. 6-7, 1931 - The Second Battalion First Tank Regiment (Light) from Ft. Benning, Ga. was scheduled stop in Evergreen, Ala. en route to Ft. Barrancas at Pensacola, Fla. Arrangements had been made to quarter the battalion on the grounds at the City School building. The unit consisted of 275 enlisted men and 17 officers, and they were expected to arrive around noon on Thurs., Aug. 6, spend the remainder of the day in Evergreen, before leaving the next morning for Pensacola.

Aug. 6, 1940 – A total of 570 votes were cast in Monroeville’s municipal election. B.L. Hendrix was elected mayor. Winners in the council seat races included Lonnie J. Wiggins, Charles W. Cole, H.E. Carter, R.M. Lazenby and R.C. McMillon. J.F. Davis was elected to serve as Monroeville’s representative on the Democratic Executive Committee.

Aug. 6, 1945 - The American B-29 bomber known as the Enola Gay dropped an atomic bomb named “Little Boy” on the city of Hiroshima, Japan. It was the first time that a nuclear weapon was ever used in warfare, and only the second time that a nuclear weapon had ever been exploded. It was dropped over Hiroshima at 8:15 in the morning, and it exploded 1,900 feet above the ground, killing 140,000 people, including 70,000 who were killed instantly. Capt. Robert Lewis watched the explosion from his cockpit and wrote in his journal, "My God, what have we done?"

Aug. 6, 1946 – National Baseball Hall of Fame second baseman Tony Lazzeri passed away at the age of 42 in San Francisco, Calif. During his career, he played for the New York Yankees, the Chicago Cubs, the Brooklyn Dodgers and the New York Giants. He was inducted into the Hall of Fame in 1991.

Aug. 6, 1949 - Chicago White Sox player Luke Appling played in the 2,154th game of his 19-year Major League Baseball career.

Aug. 6, 1952 - Satchel Paige, at age 46, became the oldest pitcher to complete a Major League Baseball game.

Aug. 6, 1953 – The Monroe Journal reported that Pvt. Wiley Gene Sawyer of Frisco City was again on duty in Korea. News was received by his parents, Mr. and Mrs. E.A. Sawyer of Frisco City, that he was serving as a prisoner of war guard at Pungan-do. Sawyer had previously served 11 months in Korea, having been wounded three times while on the front lines. He was awarded the Purple Heart and was with the 21st Infantry, 24th Division. Pvt. Sawyer attended Frisco City High School and volunteered for the Army in 1950.

Aug. 6, 1959 - E.L. Baggett, Uriah farmer, received 50 cents a pound on this Thursday for the first bale of cotton ginned in Monroe County. The bale was ginned at the Farmers Cooperative Market in Frisco City and weighed 457 pounds.

Aug. 6, 1960 – Mary Julia Ellis, 19, of Evergreen, Ala. was named Conecuh County’s 1960 Maid of Cotton during the annual meeting of the Conecuh County Farm Bureau at the Evergreen City School. Gerry Seales was chosen as alternate Maid of Cotton, and the other contestants included Gwen Henderson, Betty Jean Bower, Margaret McInnis, Barbara Bewley and Willene Johnston. Ellis was to represent Conecuh County in the Alabama Maid of Cotton Contest on Oct. 5 and Oct. 6 at the Alabama State Fair in Birmingham.

Aug. 6, 1964 – Leon Eddins of Peterman, Ala., who owned a farm about two miles from Peterman, brought the first open cotton boll of the year to The Monroe Journal. The boll opened on Aug. 3, and he picked it on Aug. 5.

Aug. 6, 1964 - The oldest known tree, “Prometheus,” was cut down by a graduate student. The student and his research team hadn't recognized the pine tree's extreme age-- estimated to be 4,862 years old.

Aug. 6, 1964 – During the Vietnam War, Defense Secretary Robert S. McNamara and Secretary of State Dean Rusk appeared before a joint Congressional committee on foreign affairs to present the Johnson administration’s arguments for a resolution authorizing the president “to take all necessary measures.”

Aug. 6, 1965 – President Lyndon Johnson signed the Voting Rights Act.

Aug. 6, 1969 - The first fair ball to be hit completely out of Dodger Stadium occurred when Willie "Pops" Stargell of the Pittsburgh Pirates hit the ball 506 feet from home plate.

Aug. 6, 1969 - The U.S. Army announced that Colonel Robert B. Rheault, Commander of the Fifth Special Forces Group in Vietnam, and seven other Green Berets have been charged with premeditated murder and conspiracy to commit murder in the summary execution of a Vietnamese national, Thai Khac Chuyen, who had served as an agent for Detachment B-57.

Aug. 6, 1970 - An anti-war rock festival was held at Shea Stadium in New York. Janis Joplin, Paul Simon, Steppenwolf and Johnny Winters were the acts.

Aug. 6, 1971 - The last remaining troops of the Fourth Battalion, 503rd Infantry of the 173rd Airborne Brigade, (the first U.S. Army ground combat unit to arrive in Vietnam in May 1965), ceased combat operations and began preparations to leave Vietnam.

Aug. 6, 1975 – Fictional Belgian detective Hercule Poirot received a front-page obituary in The New York Times after mystery writer Agatha Christie killed him off in her 1975 novel, “Curtain: Hercule Poirot’s Last Case.”

Aug. 6, 1975 – Evergreen weather reporter Earl Windham reported 1.7 inches of rain in Evergreen, Ala.

Aug. 6, 1976 – Actress and producer Soleil Moon Frye was born in Glendora, Calif.

Aug. 6, 1976 – Actress Melissa George was born in Perth, Western Australia.

Aug. 6, 1982 - Pink Floyd's "The Wall" had its U.S. premiere in New York City.

Aug. 6, 1986 - Timothy Dalton became the fourth actor to be named "James Bond."

Aug. 6, 1990 – During the Gulf War, the United Nations Security Council ordered a global trade embargo against Iraq in response to Iraq's invasion of Kuwait.

Aug. 6, 1993 - The Beloit Industrial Institute in Dallas County, Ala. was added to the Alabama Register of Landmarks and Heritage.

Aug. 6, 1994 - Randolph County High School in Wedowee, Ala. was destroyed by fire. The principle's stand against interracial dating had caused much tension in the school.

Aug. 6, 1996 - “A Game of Thrones,” an epic fantasy novel by George R.R. Martin, was released for the first time. The book was the first in Martin’s “A Song of Ice and Fire” series.

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