Wednesday, April 22, 2015

Today in History for April 22, 2015

Union Col. Benjamin Grierson
April 22, 1500 - Portuguese navigator Pedro Alvares Cabral discovered Brazil.

April 22, 1519 – Spanish conquistador Hernán Cortés established a settlement at Veracruz, Mexico.

April 22, 1692 – In connection with the Salem witchcraft trials, Mary Easty, another of Rebecca Nurse's sisters who defended her, was examined by John Hathorne and Jonathan Corwin. Hathorne and Corwin also examined Nehemiah Abbott, William and Deliverance Hobbs, Edward and Sarah Bishop, Mary Black, Sarah Wildes and Mary English.

April 22, 1724 – Enlightment philosopher Immanuel Kant was born in Konigsberg, Prussia. His most influential work was “The Critique of Pure Reason” (1781).

April 22, 1778 - Commander John Paul Jones began an American raid on the port at Whitehaven, England. At 11 p.m., Jones led a small detachment of two boats from his ship, the USS Ranger, to raid the shallow port, where, by his own account, 400 British merchant ships are anchored.

April 22, 1844 – Lewis Powell, who was hanged as a Lincoln assassination conspirator, was born in Randolph County, Ala.

April 22, 1861 - Colonel Robert E. Lee was appointed commander of Virginia's forces with the rank of major general.

April 22, 1862 – Lt. William Lee of the Conecuh Guards was promoted to the rank of captain.

April 22, 1863 - Union Colonel Benjamin Grierson's troops cut telegraph wires near Macon, Miss. during a two-week raid along the length of the state. This action was a diversion in General Ulysses S. Grant’s campaign to capture Vicksburg, Mississippi, the last remaining Confederate stronghold on the Mississippi River. On April 22, he dispatched Co. B of the 7th Illinois regiment to destroy telegraph lines at Macon, while Grierson rode to Newton Station.

April 22, 1863 – During the Civil War, a skirmish was fought in the vicinity of Tuscumbia, Ala. at Rock Cut.

April 22, 1864 - Union Lieutenant Colonel Francis Drake's troops left Camden, Arkansas.

April 22, 1864 – The U.S. Congress passed the Coinage Act of 1864 that mandates that the inscription In God We Trust be placed on all coins minted as United States currency.

April 22, 1865 – During the Civil War, Talladega, Ala. was occupied by Federal troops.

April 22, 1876 – The first game in the history of National League was played at the Jefferson Street Grounds in Philadelphia. Eight baseball teams began the inaugural season of the National League, and this game is often pointed to as the beginning of MLB. Boston beat Philadelphia, 6-5.

April 22, 1886 - Alabama author Father Abram J. Ryan died in Louisville, Ky.

April 22, 1898 - The first shot of the Spanish-American war occurred when the USS Nashville captured a Spanish merchant ship.

April 22, 1912 – In a surprising move, the State Board of Control elected Prof. J.T. McKee, principal of Cullman County High School, as president of the Second District Agricultural School in Evergreen, Ala., replacing Prof. Henry T. Lile. The meeting was held in the office of Alabama Gov. Emmet O’Neal in Montgomery. McKee was to assume charge of the SDAS on July 1. The Board of Control was composed of O’Neal, Henry J. Willingham, State Superintendent of Education; Capt. Reuben F. Kolb, State Commissioner of Agriculture; C.A. O’Neal of Andalusia and J.T. Williams of Evergreen.

April 22, 1914 - Babe Ruth made his pitching debut with the Baltimore Orioles.

April 22, 1915 - The New York Yankees wore pinstripes and the hat-in-the-ring logo for the first time.

April 22, 1915 – The Monroe Journal reported, in “County High School Notes,” that “both school and town thoroughly enjoyed three most interesting ball games between Atmore and Monroeville. Our boys were determined not to break their record and as usual, come out victorious.”

April 22, 1922 - Legendary jazz bassist, bandleader, and composer Charles Mingus, sometimes known as "The Angry Man of Jazz," was born in Nogales, Arizona.

April 22, 1922 - Corporal Dewitt Lowrey was born in Atmore, Ala. He was a soldier with Easy Company, 2nd Battalion, 506th Parachute Infantry Regiment, in the 101st Airborne Division of the United States Army during World War II. Lowrey was one of the 140 Toccoa men of Easy Company. Lowrey's life story was featured in the 2009 book “We Who Are Alive and Remain: Untold Stories from Band of Brothers.”

April 22, 1943 – Poet Louise Gluck was born in New York City.

April 22, 1945 – During World War II, after learning that Soviet forces had taken Eberswalde without a fight, Adolf Hitler admitted defeat in his underground bunker and stated that suicide was his only recourse.

April 22, 1951 - Alabama author Andrew Hudgins was born in Killeen, Texas.

April 22, 1962 – A large sawmill fire, the second in the town’s history, occurred at Vredenburgh, Ala. The mill didn’t resume operations again until Jan. 4, 1965.

April 22, 1967 – Actress Sheryl Lee, who played Laura Palmer on “Twin Peaks,” was born in Augsburg, West Germany.

April 22, 1969 – British yachtsman Sir Robin Knox-Johnston won the Sunday Times Golden Globe Race and completed the first solo non-stop circumnavigation of the world.

April 22, 1976 - Alabama author Joe David Brown died at his home near Mayfield, Ga.

April 22, 1982 - The Atlanta Braves ended their 13-game winning streak to start the season. It was the longest streak of wins at the beginning of the season in Major League Baseball history.

April 22, 1993 – Alabama lieutenant governor Jim Folsom Jr. became Alabama’s 50th governor when Guy Hunt was convicted of state ethics law violations. Folsom Jr.’s term as governor ended on Jan. 16, 1995. He was succeeded by Fob James, who narrowly beat Folsom during the 1994 governor’s race.

April 22, 1993 - The U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum was dedicated in Washington, D.C.

April 22, 1994 – Richard Nixon, the 37th President of the United States, died in New York City at the age of 81.

April 22, 1994 – Episode No. 21 of “The X-Files” – entitled “Tooms” – aired for the first time.

April 22, 2004 - Pat Tillman, who gave up his pro football career to enlist in the U.S. Army after the terrorist attacks of Sept. 11, was killed by friendly fire while serving in Afghanistan. He was 27 years old.

April 22, 2006 - The first Alabama Book Festival was held in Montgomery, Ala.

April 22, 2010 - The NFL Draft was aired in prime time for the first time.

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