|Cecil Clayton Schofield of Andalusia.|
May 23, 1701 – After being convicted of piracy and of murdering William Moore, Captain William Kidd was hanged in London, England.
May 23, 1777 - At Sag Harbor, New York, Connecticut raiders and local men under the command of Lieutenant Colonel Return Jonathan Meigs captured several British vessels and burned Redcoat supplies. This was the only successful Patriot attack on Long Island between the British takeover in 1776 and their departure in 1783.
May 23, 1786 – Hungarian explorer Maurice, Count de Benyovszky was shot in the chest during a skirmish with French forces at Madagascar and he died from the fatal wound at the age of 39.
May 23, 1788 – South Carolina ratified the United States Constitution as the eighth American state.
May 23, 1790 – French admiral and explorer Jules Dumont d'Urville was born at Condé-sur-Noireau in Lower Normandy.
May 23, 1810 – Writer, literary critic and woman of letters Margaret Fuller was born in Cambridgeport, Mass.
May 23, 1811 - The Mobile Centinel, Alabama's first newspaper, produced its first issue.
May 23, 1841 – Early Alabama soldier and pioneer Samuel Dale died in Daleville, Miss. at the age of 69 (possibly 68). Born in 1772 in Rockbridge County, Va., he was buried in the Samuel Dale Memorial Park Cemetery in Daleville, Lauderdale County, Miss. (Some sources say he died on May 24.)
May 23, 1846 – As part of the Mexican–American War, President Mariano Paredes of Mexico unofficially declared war on the United States.
May 23, 1855 – English lieutenant and explorer Charles Robert Malden passed away at the age of 57 at Brighton, East Sussex, England.
May 23, 1861 - Virginia ratified the Secessionist Convention referendum by a vote of 132,201 to 37,451.
May 23, 1861 - John Floyd was commissioned a brigadier general in the Confederate States Army.
May 23, 1861 - Thomas Jackson struck the B&O Railroad, capturing 56 locomotives.
May 23, 1862 – During the Civil War, skirmishes were fought at New Bridge, Va. and at Buckton Station, Va. An affair also occurred at Fort Graig, New Mexico, and an action took place at Lewisburg, West Virginia.
May 23, 1862 – During the Civil War, in the Battle of Front Royal, Va., the forces of Confederate General Thomas Jackson soundly defeated the 800 Union soldiers under Col. John Kenly, capturing many of them. The victory put Jackson’s 16,000 men in a position to cut Gen. Nathaniel Banks’ army off from reinforcements from Winchester. It also put them in a great position to attack Washington, DC, at least in the opinion of many nervous residents of the capital. This battle also featured opposing units from the same state--Maryland had representatives on both sides.
May 23, 1863 – During the Civil War, the Siege of Vicksburg, Miss. entered its fifth day.
May 23, 1863 – During the Civil War, skirmishes were fought at Antioch Church, Warrenton and Barber's Cross Roads, Va.
May 23, 1864 - Fighting began on the North Anna River around Hanover Junction, Virginia. Union General Ulysses S. Grant moved his troops south the next day after a second unsuccessful attempt to dislodge the Rebels.
May 23, 1864 – During the Civil War, combat took place at Jericho Bridge, Va., and a skirmish was fought at Stilesborough, Ga.
May 23, 1865 – During the Civil War, the Grand Review of the Army of the Potomac took place.
May 23, 1867 – Assisted by his friends, Dallas County, Ala. banker John McGee Parkman, 29, attempted to escape from the former Castle Morgan prison in Cahaba, but he was killed. Born on Jan. 12, 1838, he was buried at Live Oak Cemetery in Selma.
May 23, 1876 - Boston’s Joe Borden pitched the very first no-hitter in the history of the National League.
May 23, 1879 - The first state-sponsored veterinary school was established at Iowa State College.
May 23, 1888 – National Baseball Hall of Fame left fielder Zack Wheat was born in Hamilton, Mo. He went on to play for the Brooklyn Superbas/Dodgers/Robins and the Philadelphia Athletics. He was inducted into the Hall of Fame in 1959.
May 23, 1895 – The Monroe Journal reported that Dr. Jas. M. McDaniel, a full graduate of the State Medical College in Mobile, had begun practicing medicine in Monroeville, Ala.
May 23, 1896 - On this night, there was to be, at the city hall at Perdue Hill, Ala., a contest for a medal to be awarded to the best orator among the advanced male students of Perdue Hill High School. On the following Friday night (May 29), the annual exhibition, consisting of charades, drills, etc., was to take place. J.N. Ivey was the school’s principal.
May 23, 1896 - John Hassell returned to Monroeville, Ala. on this Saturday from a trip to Tuscaloosa, having carried two patients to the asylum.
May 23, 1896 – Russian-German SS officer Felix Steiner was born in Stallupönen, Province of East Prussia, Kingdom of Prussia, German Empire (now Nesterov, Kaliningrad Oblast, Russian Federation).
May 23, 1900 – Civil War hero Sgt. William Harvey Carney was awarded the Medal of Honor for his heroism in the Assault on the Battery Wagner in 1863. He was the first African American to receive the Medal of Honor.
May 23-Aug. 31, 1905 – All stores in Monroeville, Ala. began closing for the summer months at 7 p.m.
May 23, 1907 – Atmore, Ala. became an incorporated municipality.
May 23, 1910 – Margaret Wise Brown, the author of the classic children’s book “Goodnight Moon,” was born in Brooklyn, N.Y.
May 23, 1911 – The New York Public Library was officially dedicated.
May 23, 1914 – Wealthy Brewton, Ala. resident Thomas Richard Miller, president of the T.R. Miller Mill Co. and Citizens Bank, died at the age of 74 in Atlanta around 3:15 p.m. Born in Brooklyn on April 7, 1843, he was buried in the Union Cemetery in Brewton.
May 23, 1915 - Italy declared war on Austria-Hungary, entering World War I on the side of the Allies—Britain, France and Russia, opening up a new front in World War I, stretching 600 kilometers—most of them mountainous—along Italy’s border with Austria-Hungary.
May 23, 1917 - Alabama author Celestine Sibley was born in Holley, Fla.
May 23, 1917 – Mathematician and meteorologist Edward Norton Lorenz was born in West Hartford, Conn. He is known for his studies in chaos theory and for coining the term, “the butterfly effect.”
May 23, 1917 - The Evergreen Courant reported that at a recent meeting of the trustees of the Evergreen City School Miss Ethel King was elected principal of the school, with Misses Willie Cunningham, Sue Stallworth and Mae Simmons as assistants.
May 23, 1917 – The Evergreen Courant reported, under the headline “To Call Alabama Guardsmen Aug. 5,” that all National Guard organizations would be called into Federal service between July 15 and Aug. 5. Governors had been authorized to recruit all organizations to war strength. Arrangements for formally incorporating the guard into the armies of the United States, terminating for the war period, their status as militia or state troops, were understood to be based upon the possibility of supplying full war equipment for the troops. It was understood also that the 16 divisional cantonment camps for the guard would be in the southeastern, southern and western departments. Dates upon which various state units were to be moved to the big camps for state mobilization points, would depend upon completion of the quarters and supply system at the cantonment camps.
May 23, 1922 - "Daylight Saving Time" was debated in the first debate ever to be heard on radio in Washington, D.C.
May 23, 1926 - Hack Wilson became the first player to hit a home run off the Wrigley Field scoreboard.
May 23, 1932 – U.S. Senator Hugo L. Black, a native of Ashland, spoke in Monroeville, Ala.
May 23, 1932 - Alabama sportswriter Bozeman Bulger died in Lynbrook, N.Y.
May 23, 1934 - In Bienville Parish, La., Bonnie Parker and Clyde Barrow were ambushed and killed by Texas Rangers. The bank robbers were riding in a stolen Ford Deluxe.
May 23, 1935 – Evergreen’s baseball team was scheduled to play Andalusia on this Thursday in Andalusia, Ala.
May 23, 1935 – The Evergreen Courant reported that Mrs. Ely Bradley and her 12-yer-old son, Ely Bradley Jr. remained in the Conecuh County Jail on charges stemming from the killing of Hobson Mason on May 10 at the Bradley home on the Lawrence farm on the “old Castleberry road.” Mason supposedly attempted to force his way inside the home, and when Mrs. Bradley fired a warning shot at him, her son fired a shot that killed him.
May 23, 1939 – The U.S. Navy submarine USS Squalus sank off the coast of New Hampshire during a test dive, causing the death of 24 sailors and two civilian technicians. The remaining 32 sailors and one civilian naval architect were rescued the following day.
May 23, 1945 – During World War II, Heinrich Himmler, the head of the Schutzstaffel, committed suicide while in Allied custody.
May 23, 1947 – Poet Jane Kenyon was born in Ann Arbor, Mich.
May 23, 1948 - Joe DiMaggio hit three consecutive home runs.
May 23, 1955 - American journalist Dorothy Kilgallen reported from London, claiming "the scientific and aeronautic authorities of Great Britain, after having examined the remains of a mysterious airship of conventional form - have come to the conclusion that these strange flying objects do not represent optical illusions, nor are they Soviet inventions, but that we have to deal with objects that really fly and that originate from some other planet."
May 23, 1957 – A T-28B trainer plane flown by Navy Ensign Richard Frank Polich of Chicago, Ill. crashed and exploded at night on the farm of M.M. Cardwell, about five miles west of Evergreen, Ala. on the Loree Road. Polich, who was stationed at Whiting Field near Milton, Fla., parachuted to safety after the plane’s engine caught fire in midair. This was the first crash of a Navy plane in the county since the Navy Air Training Command at Pensacola began using Middleton Field as a training site.
May 23, 1958 – Graduation exercises were scheduled to be held at Evergreen High School on this Friday at 8 p.m. in Memorial Gymnasium. C.W. Claybrook was principal.
May 23, 1962 - Joe Pepitone of the New York Yankees set a Major League Baseball record by hitting two home runs in one inning.
May 23, 1963 - NBC purchased the 1963 AFL championship game TV rights for $926,000.
May 23, 1963 – The Evergreen Courant reported that Alva Nann Cary had been named valedictorian of Conecuh County High School with an average of 94 for the past four years. Judy Worrells had been named salutatorian of Conecuh County High School with an average of 93 for the past four years.
May 23, 1963 – The Evergreen Courant reported that the Evergreen Aggies had selected the winners of the baseball team’s three awards for the 1963 season, Coach Henry Allmon announced that week. Selected as the team’s Most Valuable Player was Jimmy Weaver, son of Mr. and Mrs. J.W. Weaver. The first member of the Evergreen Baseball Hall of Fame was Donnie Jones, son of Mr. and Mrs. E.L. Jones. The winner of the Batting Championship Trophy was Sid Lambert, son of Mr. and Mrs. Sidney Lambert, with an average of .370. Lambert barely edged out Weaver, who hit .367. Weaver and Jones were chosen by a vote by the team. Jones was a senior and both Lambert and Weaver were juniors.
May 23, 1963 – The Monroe Journal reported that Eddie Phillippi, an eight-year-old resident of Peterman, Ala. had caught a three and one-fourth pound eel. The eel measured 31 inches and was caught at Hardee’s pond near Beatrice, Ala.
May 23, 1967 – A public controversy over the M-16, the basic combat rifle in Vietnam, began after Representative James J. Howard (D-New Jersey) read a letter to the House of Representatives in which a Marine in Vietnam claimed that almost all Americans killed in the battle for Hill 881 died as a result of their new M-16 rifles jamming.
May 23, 1969 – The Vela Hotel 6911 satellite was launched, over 10 years before it detected the mysterious “double-flash” event, known as the Vela Incident, on Sept. 22, 1979. At the time of the event, the satellite was more than two years beyond its so-called “design lifetime.”
May 23, 1970 – Army SFC Cecil Clayton Schofield, 37, of Andalusia, Ala. was killed in action in a mortar attack on an artillery position south of Saigon in Vietnam. He began his tour of duty in Vietnam on April 28, 1970 and was killed less than a month later. He was a mortarman in Co. E, 1st Bn., 506th Infantry, 101st Airborne Division (Airmobile). Born on April 29, 1933, he was buried in Paxton Cemetery in Walton County, Fla. He attended Paxton High School and joined the Army in 1952 with plans to retire in 1972. He had already served two tours of duty in Germany and four in Korea.
May 23, 1971 - North Vietnamese demolition experts infiltrated the major U.S. air base at Cam Ranh Bay, blowing up six tanks of aviation fuel, which resulted in the loss of about 1.5 million gallons. U.S. commander Creighton Abrams criticized the inadequate security.
May 23, 1972 - Heavy U.S. air attacks that began with an order by President Richard Nixon on May 8 were widened to include more industrial and non-military sites.
May 23, 1977 - Alabama author Florence Glass Palmer died in Pensacola, Fla.
May 23, 1978 - The American League approved the transfer of Jean Yawkey of the Boston Red Sox for $15 million.
May 23, 1980 – Texas Rangers pitcher Fergie Jenkins claimed win No. 250 out of 284 in his career, a two-hit defeat of the Athletics in Texas. The only run he allowed in the 3-1 victory was unearned, as he struck out eight and was supported by Al Oliver’s two-run single.
May 23, 1984 - The Detroit Tigers won their 16th straight road game, tying the American League record.
May 23, 1984 – “Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom” was first released in theaters.
May 23, 1987 - A television version of Alabama author Paul Hemphill's book “Long Gone” was broadcast.
May 23, 1988 – Old Scotland Presbyterian Church in Monroe County, Ala. was added to Alabama Register of Landmarks and Heritage.
May 23, 1991 - The New York Yankees played their fourth straight extra inning game.
May 23, 1995 - The Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma City was demolished.
May 23, 1999 - Gerry Bloch, at age 81, became the oldest climber to scale El Capitan in Yosemite National Park. He broke his own record that he set in 1986 when he was 68 years old.
May 23, 2008 – New York Met Marlon Anderson of Montgomery, Ala. seriously injured his hamstring in a game against the Colorado Rockies on a groundout.
May 23, 2008 - Nearly 120 Conecuh County seniors were scheduled to receive their high school diplomas on this Friday night at Hillcrest High School and Sparta Academy in Evergreen, Ala. Hillcrest’s graduation exercises were to be held at Brooks Memorial Stadium in Evergreen, and Sparta’s graduation exercises were to be held at Richard Brown Gymnasium in Evergreen. Claude B. Nielsen was to be the guest speaker at Sparta. Both ceremonies were set to start at 7 p.m. During the commencement ceremonies both schools planned to honor their respective valedictorians and salutatorians. Pia Marie A. Cumagun was the valedictorian at Sparta, and Jonarius Antoine Stallworth was the valedictorian at Hillcrest. Hayden Armuelles was the salutatorian at Sparta, and Willie Keontra McCaskill was the salutatorian at Hillcrest. Sparta Academy’s honor graduates were Amanda Nolin, Pia Cumagun, Hayden Armuelles, Hope Burleson, Myles Wiggins, Keary Watts and Casey Pierce.