Thursday, May 12, 2016

Today in History for May 12, 2016

Murdock McCorvey Fountain
May 12, 1780 – During the Revolutionary War, in the largest defeat of the Continental Army, Charleston, South Carolina was taken by British forces. The battle ended when Major General Benjamin Lincoln surrendered to British Lieutenant General Sir Henry Clinton.

May 12, 1812 – Poet and artist Edward Lear was born in London, England.

May 12, 1820 – Nursing pioneer Florence Nightingale was born in Florence, Italy to a wealthy English family.

May 12, 1825 – French lawyer and explorer Orélie-Antoine de Tounens was born in Chourgnac, France.

May 12, 1828 – Artist and poet Dante Gabriel Rossetti was born in London.

May 12, 1834 – On this Monday morning, Mobile, Alabama’s newspapers carried this official notice from Mayor John Stocking Jr.: MURDER – REWARD – Whereas a most atrocious murder was committed within the city of Mobile upon the body of Nathaniel Frost; and whereas, suspicion rests on one Charles Boyington as the perpetrator of the horrid act; therefore, I, John Stocking Jr., Mayor of the City of Mobile, by virtue of authority in me vested by a special resolution of the Board of Aldermen, do hereby offer a reward of $250 in the event of the said Boyington being convicted of said murder.

May 12, 1861 – During the Civil War, after some fighting with Southern sympathizers, Union troops under Brigadier General Benjamin Butler gained control of Baltimore.

May 12, 1862 – During the Civil War, U.S. federal troops occupied Baton Rouge, Louisiana.

May 12, 1862 – During the Civil War, skirmishes were fought at Lewisburg, West Virginia and near Farmington, Mississippi.

May 12, 1862 - After the fall of New Orleans a couple of weeks ago, the Union had been working its way to every town on the Mississippi River. On this day, a Federal flotilla with Admiral David Farragut in command made its way to the docks of Natchez, Mississippi. As the city was not in possession of weaponry or military manpower to do anything else, Farragut was presented with the surrender of the town by its mayor.

May 12, 1863 – During the Civil War at the Battle of Raymond, two divisions of James B. McPherson's XVII Corps turned the left wing of Confederate General John C. Pemberton's defensive line on Fourteen Mile Creek, opening up the interior of Mississippi to the Union Army during the Vicksburg Campaign. A Confederate brigade under John Gregg attacked a Union division under Major General John Logan in the town of Raymond, between Vicksburg and Jackson.

May 12, 1863 – During the Civil War, skirmishes were fought at Bloomfield, Missouri and near Linden, Tennessee.

May 12, 1863 - In a rally intended to be a reaction to Federal General Ambrose Burnside's General Order 38, Clement Vallandigham criticized Abraham Lincoln for not ending the Civil War, which he characterized as "wicked and cruel."

May 12, 1864 – During the Civil War, at the Battle of Spotsylvania Court House, thousands of Union and Confederate soldiers died in "the Bloody Angle." Troops under Union General Winfield Scott Hancock overran Rebel trenches at Spotsylvania, taking nearly 3,000 prisoners and more than a dozen cannons. The action around Spotsylvania shocked even the grizzled veterans of the two great armies. Said one officer, “I never expect to be fully believed when I tell what I saw of the horrors of Spotsylvania.”

May 12, 1864 – During the Civil War, Confederate Cavalry General J.E.B. Stuart died after having been wounded the previous day at the Battle of Yellow Tavern.

May 12, 1864 – During the Civil War, a skirmish was fought at Jackson's Ferry, Ala.

May 12, 1864 – During the Civil War, engagements began at Proctor's Creek and Drewry's Bluff, Va., and continued until May 16. Combats occurred at Meadow Bridges, Strawberry Hill and Mechanicsville, Virginia; and an affair took place at Strasburg, Virginia.

May 12, 1865 – During the Civil War, at the Battle of Palmito Ranch, the first day of the last major land action to take place during the Civil War occurred, resulting in a Confederate victory.

May 12, 1880 – American explorer Lincoln Ellsworth was born in Chicago, Ill. He was a polar explorer from the United States and a major benefactor of the American Museum of Natural History.

May 12, 1888 – The U.S. Army moved Apache prisoners, including Geronimo, from Fort Pickens near Pensacola, Fla. to Mount Vernon Barracks near Mobile, Ala.

May 12, 1894 – Wanted outlaw Wyatt Tate, who’d already killed constable William Ikner on March 24 and Monroe County Sheriff J.D. Foster on April 3, was tracked to the “Marshall place” near Finchburg, Ala. and was killed by Murdoch M. Fountain.

May 12, 1903 - President Theodore Roosevelt’s trip to San Francisco was captured on moving-picture film, making him the first president to have an official activity recorded in that medium.

May 12, 1909 – Around 1:30 p.m., fire was discovered at the residence of J.M. Cook in Evergreen, Ala. Cook’s wife was sick and in bed, so the fire was almost beyond control before any alarm was sounded. The Methodist parsonage across the street also caught fire during the incident, but was quickly extinguished.

May 12, 1915 - Author Joe David Brown was born in Birmingham, Ala.

May 12, 1915 – The Evergreen Courant reported that one of the road crew convicts had escaped and one of the county’s best tracking dogs went missing while trying to find him. It was not known if the convict killed the dog or if the dog got lost. Either way, both were still missing as of press time.

May 12, 1916 - Author Albert Murray was born in Nokomis, Ala.

May 12, 1921 – Canadian author and conservationist Farley Mowat was born in Belleville, Ontario.

May 12, 1922 – Dr. Ernest Stanley Crawford, a heart surgeon pioneer, was born in Evergreen, Ala.

May 12, 1922 - A large meteor struck the Earth near Blackstone, Virginia.

May 12, 1925 – National Baseball Hall of Fame catcher, manager and coach Yogi Berra was born in St. Louis, Mo. He went on to play for and manage the New York Yankees and the New York Mets.He was inducted into the Hall of Fame in 1972.

May 12, 1926 – The Italian-built airship Norge became the first vessel to fly over the North Pole.

May 12, 1935 - American jazz double-bassist Gary Peacock was born in Burley, Idaho.

May 12, 1935 – Hobson Mason died on this Sunday around 3 p.m., two days after being fatally shot by Mrs. Ely Bradley and her 12-year-old son, Ely Bradley Jr. after he allegedly tried to force open the door to their house on the Lawrence farm on the “old Castleberry road” in Conecuh County, Ala.

May 12, 1937 - The remains of an unidentified man who was buried in Evergreen, Ala. on New Year’s Day was exhumed on this Wednesday at the request of relatives of W.I. Bozeman of near Chapman in the hopes that the body might prove to be that of W.I. Bozeman, who had been missing from home since Dec. 16, 1936. Relatives, including his wife and several children, viewed the body, examined the clothing and were convinced that it was not that of the husband and father of whom they have been searching. The body exhumed was found on the L&N Railroad track near Wilcox by a train crew. It was brought to Evergreen and every effort was made to identify the body. Failing in this, officers ordered it interred in the “old cemetery.” The man apparently had been killed by a train several hours before he was found. Bozeman’s relatives hearing about the occurrence and knowing that it happened shortly after he had disappeared from home, began an investigation. As a result, they secured permission to exhume the body for examination. The missing man was said to have left home to hunt work and told his people that he was going to Evergreen to see if he might not secure a job with the crew engaged in building the overhead bridge. He had not been heard from since he left home.

May 12, 1938 – The Evergreen Courant reported that the Evergreen Greenies baseball team beat the Union Springs Red Birds by the “overwhelming score” of 13-5. Will Walls and Skipper Rice hit a home run each for Evergreen, and Evergreen’s Lefty Goetz struck out eight.

May 12, 1942 – During World War II, the U.S. tanker SS Virginia was torpedoed in the mouth of the Mississippi River by the German submarine U-507.

May 12, 1944 - Author Michael Bradley was born in Talladega, Ala.

May 12, 1944 – PFC Raymond N. Bradley of Castleberry, Ala. was wounded in Italy. A member of the 17th Field Artillery, he’d already fought in North Africa and Sicily before getting wounded. After his release from the hospital, he would go on to fight in Austria, Germany and France. He would arrive home safely in October 1945.

May 12, 1945 - Less than a week after the war in Europe was declared over, Alabama native Robert Posey arrived in Alt Aussee, Austria, in search of art work stolen by the Nazis. On May 13, he found hidden in a salt mine more than 6,500 paintings and many more drawings, prints, sculptures, and other objets d'art, including Michelangelo's Bruges Madonna, Vermeer's The Astronomer, and Van Eyck's The Adoration of the Mystic Lamb. Posey was part of a military unit known as "Monuments Men," who during World War II were charged with protecting historic buildings, landmarks, and monuments in Europe. He grew up in Jefferson and earned degrees in engineering and architecture at Alabama Polytechnic Institute (present-day Auburn University).

May 12, 1952 – The first ever Monroeville Little League season opened in Monroeville, Ala. The season began with 48 uniforms for four teams – the Yankees, Indians, White Sox and Dodgers. The boys were divided into the majors and minors. The boys in minors were given caps but no uniforms.

May 12, 1953 - Alabama author Carolyn Haines was born in Hattiesburg, Miss.

May 12, 1953 – In their season finale, Evergreen High School improved to 8-1 on the season as pitcher Hugh Ellington pitched a no-hitter against Monroe County County High School on this Tuesday afternoon in Monroeville, Ala. Evergreen won, 11-0. This game was Ellington’s second shutout of the season, and he gave up only one hit in the previous game.

May 12, 1956 - The movie “Good-bye, My Lady,” story by Alabama author James H. Street, was released.

May 12,, 1961 - Vice President Lyndon B. Johnson met with South Vietnamese President Ngo Dinh Diem in Saigon during his tour of Asian countries. Calling Diem the “Churchill of Asia,” he encouraged the South Vietnamese president to view himself as indispensable to the United States and promised additional military aid to assist his government in fighting the communists. On his return home, Johnson echoed domino theorists, saying that the loss of Vietnam would compel the United States to fight “on the beaches of Waikiki” and eventually on “our own shores.” 

May 12, 1962 – The Lyeffion Quarterback Club was scheduled to give away a 1954 Chevrolet car during a fish supper fundraiser with proceeds to go toward the construction of a new football stadium at the school in Lyeffion, Ala.

May 12, 1963 - U.S. President John F. Kennedy sent federal troops into Birmingham, Ala., following riots.

May 12, 1966 - The St. Louis Cardinals played their first game at Busch Memorial Stadium. They won the game, 4-3, over the Atlanta Braves.

May 12, 1966 – Russian-German SS officer Felix Steiner died at the age of 69 in Munich, Bavaria, West Germany.

May 12, 1967 - Pink Floyd debuted its custom-made quadraphonic speaker system, amazing concert-goers with surround sound.

May 12, 1968 – During the Vietnam War, North Vietnamese and Viet Cong forces attacked Australian troops defending Fire Support Base Coral, east of Lai Khe in South Vietnam on the night of May 12-13, resulting in heavy casualties on both sides and beginning the Battle of Coral–Balmora.

May 12, 1969 – Army Sgt. William Michael Fields of Evergreen, Ala. and Army SPC5 James Rayford Gohagin of Atmore, Ala. were killed in action in Vietnam.

May 12, 1970 - Ernie Banks of the Chicago Cubs hit his 500th home run.

May 12, 1971 – National Baseball Hall of Fame leftfielder Heinie Manush, who was born in Tuscumbia, Ala., passed away from cancer at the age of 69 in Sarasota, Fla. During his career, he played for the Detroit Tigers, the St. Louis Browns, the Washington Senators, the Boston Red Sox, the Brooklyn Dodgers and the Pittsburgh Pirates. He was inducted into the Hall of Fame in 1964.

May 12, 1971 - The first major battle of Operation Lam Son 720 took place as North Vietnamese forces hit the same South Vietnamese 500-man marine battalion twice in one day. Each time, the communists were pushed back after heavy fighting. Earlier, the South Vietnamese reportedly destroyed a North Vietnamese base camp and arms production facility in the A Shau Valley.

May 12, 1972 - The Milwaukee Brewers beat the Minnesota Twins, 4-3, in 22 innings. The game was actually completed on May 13.

May 12, 1976 – The Old Abrams Place in Greenville, Ala. and the Bartram Trail near Greenville, Ala. were added to the Alabama Register of Landmarks and Heritage.

May 12, 1982 - The final episode of "The Incredible Hulk" aired.

May 12, 1982 - The United States Football League (USFL) was formed.

May 12, 1983 - Jack Booker Weaver, a student at Jefferson Davis State Junior College in Brewton, Ala., was formally honored as a participant in the ‘Most Outstanding Student Competition,” which was sponsored by the Deans of Students Association and was held during the annual Alabama Junior/Community College Association Convention.

May 12, 1985 - An honorary Doctor of Music degree was given to Lionel Richie from his alma mater Tuskegee Institute in Alabama.

May 12, 1986 – NBC debuted the current well-known peacock as seen in the NBC 60th Anniversary Celebration.

May 12, 1987 - The final episode of "Hill Street Blues" aired.

May 12, 1989 – Evergreen (Ala.) Mayor Lee F. Smith and Evergreen City Councilman Larry Fluker cut the ribbon at the street dedication following an open house at the Evergreen Housing Authority’s Crestview Manor. The street dedication involved Frazier Circle, which was named after longtime Conecuh County educator and principal, O.F. Frazier.

May 12, 1998 - The Atlanta Braves tied a National League record when they hit a home run in their 24th consecutive game.

May 12, 1998 - Mark McGwire of the St. Louis Cardinals hit a 527-foot home run at Busch Stadium. It was the longest home run in the history of the stadium.

May 12, 1998 - St. Louis Cardinal manager Tony LaRussa recorded his 1,500th victory.

May 12, 2000 - Alabama author Julia Truitt Yenni died in Cambridge, Mass.

May 12, 2002 - The 200th episode of the "X-Files" aired on FOX.

May 12, 2002 – Former U.S. President Jimmy Carter arrived in Cuba for a five-day visit with Fidel Castro, becoming the first President of the United States, in or out of office, to visit the island since Castro's 1959 revolution.

May 12, 2003 – The Riyadh compound bombings, carried out by al-Qaeda, killed 26 people.

May 12, 2006 – The Kansas City Royals selected right-handed pitcher Christopher Scottie Booker of Monroeville, Ala. off waivers.

May 12, 2007 – In connection with the disappearance of Natalee Holloway of Mountain Brook, Ala., the Kalpoe family home was subject to an "inspection." The two brothers were detained for about an hour upon objecting to the entry by police and Dutch investigators, but were released when the authorities left.

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