Friday, November 4, 2016

Today in History for Nov. 4, 2016

Wilfred Owen
Nov. 4, 1752 – George Washington, 20, was initiated into Masonic Lodge No. 4 in Fredericksburg, Va., and he would be passed to the degree of Fellowcraft on March 3, 1753. He would be raised to the degree of Master Mason on Aug. 4, 1753 in Fredericksburg, Va. In 1788, shortly before becoming the first president of the United States, Washington was elected the first Worshipful Master of Alexandria Lodge No. 22.

Nov. 4, 1783 – Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart's Symphony No. 36 was performed for the first time in Linz, Austria.

Nov. 4, 1801 - Patriot William Shippen, of the powerful Shippen family of Philadelphia died at the age of 89 at his home in Germantown, Pa. He was a descendant of the well-known Edward Shippen, colonial Philadelphia’s mayor and Pennsylvania’s chief justice.

Nov. 4, 1824 – During his tour of the United States, the Marquis de Lafayette visited former President Thomas Jefferson at Monticello near Charlottesville, Va.

Nov. 4, 1841 – The first wagon train of settlers arrived in California, led by a 21-year-old New Yorker named John Bidwell.

Nov. 4, 1842 – Future U.S. President Abraham Lincoln married Mary Todd in Springfield, Illinois.

Nov. 4, 1854 - Alabama author and Poet Laureate Samuel Minturn Peck was born in Tuscaloosa, Ala.

Nov. 4, 1860 – Jefferson Davis “Dixie” Carter was born in Butler County, Ala. In 1890, he would kill outlaw train robber Rube Burrow during a shootout in Linden.

Nov. 4, 1862 – During the Civil War, Democrats gained seats in Northern elections, mostly at the state level. The Republican Party maintained control of the House of Representatives and gained seats in the Senate.

Nov. 4, 1862 – During the Civil War, the Confederate salt works at Kingsbury, Ga. were destroyed by Federal troops.

Nov. 4, 1862 – During the Civil War, La Grange and Grand Junction, Tenn. were occupied by Union Major General Ulysses S. Grant, in preparation of an overland assault on Vicksburg, Miss.

Nov. 4, 1862 – During the Civil War, skirmishes were fought at Manassas Gap, Markham’s Station, and Salem, Va.

Nov. 4, 1863 – During the Civil War, a skirmish occurred at Maysville in Madison County, Ala.

Nov. 4, 1863 – During the Civil War, skirmishes were fought in the Pinal Mountains on the Gila River in the Arizona Territory; near Lexington and Neosho, Mo.; near Rocky Run, N.C.; at Motley’ Ford, Little Tennessee River, Tenn.; at Falmouth, Va.; and near Cackleytown, West Virginia.

Nov. 4, 1863 – During the Civil War, a Federal expedition from Houston to Jack’s Fork began, and continued on into Reynolds, Shannon and Oregon Counties, Mo.

Nov. 4, 1863 – During the Civil War, a Federal expedition aboard transports and supported by the Federal gunboats Delaware, Miama and Whitedhead began up the Chowan River, N.C.

Nov. 4, 1863 – During the Civil War, Lieut. Gen. James Longstreet’s Confederate Corps was detached from the Army of Tennessee, in part due to his inability to get along with Gen Braxton Bragg, and his operations began against Union Maj. Gen. Ambrose E. Burnside’s Federal forces in East Tennessee around Knoxville.

Nov. 4, 1864 – During the Battle of Johnsonville, Confederate General Nathan Bedford Forrest subjected a Union supply base at Johnsonville, Tenn. to a devastating artillery barrage and destroyed millions of dollars in material. This action was part of a continuing effort by the Confederates to disrupt the Federal lines that supplied Union General William T. Sherman’s army in Georgia. More than $6 million worth of supplies were destroyed, along with four gunboats, 14 transports, and 20 barges.

Nov. 4, 1879 – “Cowboy philosopher” Will Rogers was born on a ranch near Oologah, Okla.

Nov. 4, 1879 – The first cash register was patented by James J. Ritty of Dayton, Ohio.

Nov. 4, 1918 – British war poet Wilfred Owen was killed in World War I at the age of 25. The war ended the following week.

Nov. 4, 1921 – The Belleville Community Fair was held in Belleville, Ala.

Nov. 4, 1921 – The Saalschutz Abteilung (hall defense detachment) of the Nazi Party was renamed the Sturmabteilung (storm detachment) after a large riot in Munich.

Nov. 4, 1922 - The entrance to King Tutankhamen's tomb was discovered in Egypt’s Valley of the Kings by British archaeologist Howard Carter and his team. Many believe there was a curse connected with the opening of the tomb, and by 1929, 11 people involved in the discovery had died.

Nov. 4, 1923 - George Halas of the Chicago Bears picked up an Oorang Indians fumble and ran it 98 yards for a touchdown.

Nov. 4, 1923 - Author, ornithologist, and University of Montevallo biology professor Eugene Sledge was born in Mobile. Sledge is renowned outside Alabama for his books chronicling his experiences in the Pacific Theater during World War II, including “With the Old Breed: At Peleliu and Okinawa and China Marine: An Infantryman's Life after World War II.” Filmmaker Ken Burns drew heavily on Sledge's memoirs for his 2007 PBS documentary on World War II, “The War.” “With the Old Breed,” together with Robert Leckie's “Helmet for My Pillow,” formed the basis for the Home Box Office (HBO) miniseries “The Pacific.”

Nov. 4, 1923 – “Jamestown,” a movie version of Alabama author Mary Johnston's book “Pioneers of the Old South,” was released.

Nov. 4, 1936 – National Book Award-winning poet C.K. Williams was born in Newark, N.J.

Nov. 4, 1943 - The movie “The North Star,” screenplay by Alabama author Lillian Hellman, was released.

Nov. 4, 1949 – Repton High Schhool beat Beatrice High School, 39-0, in Repton, Ala. Outstanding players for Repton included Marvin Rowland, Ralph Lancaster, Don Ivey and Joe Kelly.

Nov. 4, 1949 – Evergreen High School remained undefeated by beating Millry Highh School, 40-0, in Evergreen. Outstanding Evergreen players in that game included Dickey Bozeman, Shelton Craig, Capt. Jack Cunningham, Bertie Hassel, Ed Hooks, Bruce Johnson, Jeff Moorer, Gillis “Little Red” Morgan, Max Pope, Douglas Potts John Greel Ralls. Wendell Hart was Evergreen’s head coach.

Nov. 4, 1950 – National Baseball Hall of Fame pitcher Grover Cleveland Alexander passed away at the age of 63 in St. Paul, Neb. During his career, he played for the Philadelphia Phillies, the Chicago Cubs and the St. Louis Cardinals. He was inducted into the Hall of Fame in 1938.

Nov. 4, 1950 – National Book Award-winning novelist Charles Frazier was born in Asheville, N.C.

Nov. 4, 1953 – Two brothers from Monroe County – Harold Douglas Johnson, 21, of Chickasaw and Alton A. Johnson, 34, of Frisco City - were found guilty on this Wednesday in Pensacola of charges in connection with the attempted abortion death of Elsie Leola Bodiford, an 18-year-old cheerleader at Frisco City High School. A six-man jury deliberated two hours before returning a verdict of third-degree murder against Harold Johnson, and Alton Johnson, a shoe shop proprietor in Frisco, was found guilty of being an accessory before the fact. Judge Ernest E. Mason delayed sentencing until Nov. 20. Bodiford died in Pensacola on Aug. 26. Former Frisco City coach William H. Hamilton, 25, pleaded guilty on Sept. 9 to a charge of being an accomplice in manslaughter. He had not been sentenced as of Nov. 5, 1953.

Nov. 4, 1954 - The Philadelphia A's moved to Kansas City.

Nov. 4, 1955 – National Baseball Hall of Fame pitcher Cy Young died at the age of 88 in Newcomerstown, Ohio. During his career, he played for the Cleveland Spiders, the St. Louis Perfectos, the Boston Americans/Red Sox, the Cleveland Naps and the Boston Rustlers. He was inducted into the Hall of Fame in 1937.

Nov. 4, 1958 – The Evergreen (Ala.) City Council passed a resolution authorizing Mayor Zell Murphy to execute a lease between the city and Alabama Power Co. regarding a 140x150-foot lot where a new Alabama Power Co. substation was to be built. The lot was located on Cemetery Avenue, across from an existing Alabama Electric Cooperative substation, and Alabama Power Co. planned to begin selling wholesale electricity to the city in December 1958.

Nov. 4, 1959 - Frisco Textiles Inc. in Frisco City was badly damaged by a fire of unknown origin on this Wednesday night. The factory was scheduled to be back in full operation by Nov. 20. Loss to the company, which manufactured women’s sportswear, was estimated in excess of $150,000, its vast stock of inventory destroyed by fire and smoke accounts for the loss.

Nov. 4, 1965 – The Evergreen City Council adopted a record budget with anticipated expenditures of $413,091.

Nov. 4, 1965 – A fire of unknown origin began around 6:40 p.m. in a stack of cotton bales at the Evergreen Manufacturing Co. in Evergreen, Ala. A total of 97 bales were involved in the fire, some close to a complete loss.

Nov. 4, 1969 - In the biggest battle in four months, South Vietnamese infantry, supported by U.S. planes and artillery, clashed with North Vietnamese troops for 10 hours near Duc Lop near the Cambodian border. Eighty communist troops were reported killed. South Vietnamese losses included 24 killed and 38 wounded.

Nov. 4, 1970 – Guy Mason, who was chairman of the Conecuh County Commission, was severely burned in a “freakish accident” at the Conoco distributorship he owned in Evergreen. Mason was burned when gasoline was ignited moments after he’d completed loading a delivery truck from a tank truck.

Nov. 4, 1970 - Genie, a 13-year old 'feral child' was found in Los Angeles, after having been locked in her bedroom for most of her life.

Nov. 4, 1970 - The United States handed over an air base in the Mekong Delta to the Vietnamese Air Force (VNAF) as part of the Vietnamization program. The air base became the home of two South Vietnamese helicopter squadrons, with the United States providing 62 aircraft, 31 of which were turned over along with the air base. By 1973, after additional equipment and aircraft transfers had been made to VNAF, the air base had a fleet of 1,700 aircraft, including more than 500 helicopters.

Nov. 4, 1973 – Dallas Cowboys linebacker Lee Roy Jordan of Excel, Ala. intercepted three passes in the first quarter from the Cincinnati Bengals' Ken Anderson within the span of just five minutes, returning one 31 yards for a touchdown. The picks were collectively named one of the ten most memorable moments in the history of Texas Stadium by ESPN in 2008.

Nov. 4, 1973 - The Chicago Bears set an NFL record when they held the Green Bay Packers to -12 yards passing.

Nov. 4, 1975 – Pro Football Hall of Fame offensive tackle was born in Sandusky, Ohio. He went on to play for Ohio State, the St. Louis Rams and the Chicago Bears. He was inducted into the Hall of Fame in 2016.

Nov. 4, 1976 - Major League Baseball held its first free-agent draft. Twenty-four players were available from 13 teams.

Nov. 4, 1980 – An election was held in Conecuh County, Ala., and David L. Burt Jr. was relected to a second term as Chairman of the Conecuh County Commission. He beat Republican canidate Ray Castleberry, 3,578-1,807. In other races, W.W. “Billy Wayne” Cook was re-elected to the county commission, and Walter B. Hudson Jr. was elected as Superintendent of Education. Comer F. Bonds and Mike Lanier were elected to the board of education. Elected constables included Billy Frank Brown, Charles A. Frazier, Cladie Townson and Bill Watts.

Nov. 4, 1980 – Ronald Reagan was elected the 40th President of The United States, defeating incumbent Jimmy Carter.

Nov. 4, 1982 – Former U.S. Representative from Alabama, George M. Grant, passed away at sea, aboard the Queen Elizabeth II, at the age of 85. He was interred at Arlington National Cemetery, Arlington, Virginia.

Nov. 4, 1986 – Greenville City Hall, the Little-Stabler House on Fort Dale Street in Greenville, the East Commerce Street Historic District in Greenville and the Post Office Historic District in Greenville were added to the National Register of Historic Places.

Nov. 4, 1990 - Iraq issued a statement saying it was prepared to fight a "dangerous war" rather than give up Kuwait.

Nov. 4, 1997 – The groundbreaking ceremony was held at the Trus Joist McMillan plant outside of Castleberry, Ala.

Nov. 4, 2001 - Randall Cunningham of the Baltimore Ravens achieved 30,000 career passing yards.

Nov. 4, 2001 - Just two outs away from their fourth championship in a row, the New York Yankees lost to the Arizona Diamondbacks in the seventh game of a hard-fought World Series. It was the first World Series championship for the Diamondbacks—a four-year-old team from a state that was younger than the Yankees.

Nov. 4, 2001 - Former Dallas Cowboy Nate Newton was arrested in Louisiana after police found 213 pounds of marijuana in a van he was driving.

Nov. 4, 2002 - The book "Journals" was released. The book, about Kurt Cobain, contained letters and diary entries from the 1980s until 1994.

Nov. 4, 2008 – Barack Obama became the first person of biracial or African descent to be elected President of the United States.

Nov. 4, 2010 – National Baseball Hall of Fame second baseman and manager Sparky Anderson died at the age of 76 in Thousand Oaks, Calif. During his career, he played for the Philadelphia Phillies and later managed the Cincinnati Reds and the Detroit Tigers. He was inducted into the Hall of Fame in 2000.

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