Monday, November 7, 2016

Today in History for Nov. 7, 2016

Elijah P. Lovejoy
Nov. 7, 1492 – The Ensisheim meteorite, the oldest meteorite with a known date of impact, struck the earth around noon in a wheat field outside the village of Ensisheim, Alsace, France.

Nov. 7, 1665 - "The London Gazette" was first published.

Nov. 7, 1728 – British explorer and navigator Captain James Cook was born in Marton (in present-day Middlesbrough) Yorkshire, England. Cook made detailed maps of Newfoundland prior to making three voyages to the Pacific Ocean, during which he achieved the first recorded European contact with the eastern coastline of Australia and the Hawaiian Islands, and the first recorded circumnavigation of New Zealand.

Nov. 7, 1775 – John Murray, the Royal Governor of the Colony of Virginia, started the first mass emancipation of slaves in North America by issuing Lord Dunmore's Offer of Emancipation, which offered freedom to slaves who abandoned their colonial masters in order to fight with Murray and the British.

Nov. 7, 1775 - The Continental Congress added a mandate for the death penalty as punishment for acts of espionoage to the "article of war."

Nov. 7, 1776 - Congress chose Richard Bache to succeed his father-in-law, Benjamin Franklin, as postmaster general. Franklin had sailed for France on behalf of the Continental Congress the previous month.

Nov. 7, 1805 – Lewis and Clark first saw the Pacific Ocean on their great overland expedition that began at St. Louis the year before. They were near the mouth of the Columbia River, not far from today’s town of Astoria, Oregon. They built Fort Clatsop there, a log stockade 50 feet square, and spent the winter in it, before heading back to St. Louis.

Nov. 7, 1811 – The Battle of Tippecanoe was fought near present-day Battle Ground, Indiana.

Nov. 7, 1814 – General Andrew Jackson, with about 4,000 men, marched across the strip of country lying between the Cut Off of the Alabama and Pensacola and captured Pensacola, Fla.

Nov. 7, 1832 - William Stephen Wiggins was born. He took command Co. F of the 36th Ala. Regiment after the death of Capt. David Kelly and led the 36th until the end of the war. His unit was a part of the first brigade (Clayton's) to break the Federal line at Chickamauga and the defenders of the line at New Hope Church. He was noted for his bravery in the battle of Atlanta at the railroad cut at present day Grant Park. He died on Oct. 27, 1918 and was buried at Hamilton Hill Cemetery in Hixon, Ala.

Nov. 7, 1837 - In Alton, Ill., abolitionist printer Elijah P. Lovejoy was shot to death by a mob while trying to protect his printing shop from a third destruction.

Nov. 7, 1861 – At the Battle of Belmont, Mo., Union General Ulysses S. Grant overran a Confederate camp, but was forced to retreat when Confederate reenforcements arrived. Although Grant claimed victory, the Union gained no ground and left the Confederates in firm control of that section of the Mississippi. Grant lost 120 dead and 487 wounded or captured, while the Confederates lost 105 dead and 536 wounded or captured.

Nov. 7, 1861 – During the Civil War, the bombardment and subsequent capture began of Forts Beauregard (at Big Point) and Walker (at Hilton Head,) at Port Royale, S.C.

Nov. 7, 1862 - U.S. President Abraham Lincoln replaced General George B. MeClellan with General Ambrose E. Burnside as the new Commander of the Army of the Potomac.

Nov. 7, 1862 – During the Civil War, skirmishes were fought in Douglas County, Mo.; at Rappahannock Station, Va.; at Rhea's Mill and Boonsboro, Ark.; at Spaulding's Farm, Ga.; at Clark's Mill, Mo.; and at Tyree Springs, White Range and Gallatin, Tenn.

Nov. 7, 1863 – During the Civil War, skirmishes were fought at Frog Bayou, Arkansas and near Muddy Creek, West Virginia. Lewisburg, West Virginia was also captured on this day.

Nov. 7, 1863 – During the Civil War, the Battle of Rappahannock Station was fought in Virginia. Confederate forces were about a division, while the Union used more men. There were about 2,500 casualties, mainly Confederate prisoners. On Nov. 7, the Union army forced passage of the Rappahannock River at two places. A dusk attack overran the Confederate bridgehead at Rappahannock Station, capturing more than 1,600 men of Jubal Early’s Division. Fighting at Kelly’s Ford was less severe with about 430 casualties, but the Confederate retreat allowed the Federals across in force.

Nov. 7, 1864 – During the Civil War, a skirmish was fought near Edenburg, Va.

Nov. 7, 1867 – Noble Prize-winning physicist and chemist Marie Curie was born in Warsaw, Poland.

Nov. 7, 1874 – A cartoon by Thomas Nast in Harper's Weekly, is considered the first important use of an elephant as a symbol for the United States Republican Party.

Nov. 7, 1885 – A coroner’s inquest was held, but no facts were developed directly implicating anyone in the “horrible murder” of James A. Stewart the day before in the Ireland community, located north of Burnt Corn on the Monroe-Conecuh county line. Stewart’s remains were transported to Montgomery and buried in the “Catholic cemetery” there.

Nov. 7, 1888 - After a month of silence, “Jack the Ripper” took his fifth and last victim, Irish-born Mary Kelly, an occasional prostitute. Of all his victims' corpses, Kelly's was the most hideously mutilated.

Nov. 7, 1895 - Fire destroyed every business and house located on the east side of the railroad in Evergreen.

Nov. 7, 1908 – Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid were reportedly killed in San Vicente, Bolivia.

Nov. 7, 1913 – Algerian-born French writer Albert Camus was born in Mondovi. He won the Noble Prize in Literature in 1957 and is best remembered for his novels “The Stranger” (1942) and “The Plague” (1947).

Nov. 7, 1915 – Charles “Boat Poppa” Johnson of Franklin, Ala., pilot of the steamboat “Nettie Quill,” died and was buried beside his wife “Fannie Bett” in the River Ridge Cemetery at Franklin.

Nov. 7, 1917 – Russia’s Bolshevik Revolution began and ushered in the first Marxist government in the world, eventually leading to the formation of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics — the USSR. The Bolshevik Revolution was also known as the October Revolution, because Russia was still using the old-style Julian calendar, and the date under that calendar was October 25.

Nov. 7, 1922 – National Baseball Hall of Fame right fielder Sam Thompson died at the age of 62 in Detroit, Mich. During his career, he played for the Detroit Wolverines, the Philadelphia Quakers/Phillies and the Detroit Tigers. He was inducted into the Hall of Fame in 1974.

Nov. 7, 1934 - Joseph Hill, 18, was indicted by a Conecuh County grand jury on this Wednesday on a charge of having placed a cross tie in front of a train two miles south of Evergreen. His trial has been set for Tues., Nov. 13, but it was understood that he planned to enter a plea of guilty. The alleged offense occurred in December 1933, and railroad men said the act probably would have wrecked southbound Passenger Train No. 5 had not the cross tie been of soft wood. It was ground to splinters underneath the wheels of the train and caused no damage.

Nov. 7, 1943 - Canadian songstress and painter Joni Mitchell was born Roberta Joan Anderson in Fort Macleod, Alberta, Canada, to a grocer and a schoolteacher.

Nov. 7, 1943 – Heavy rains hits Monroe County on this Sunday, flooding Monroeville from one side to the other with “more water than at any time since the 1929 flood.”

Nov. 7, 1943 – Literary critic Stephen Greenblatt was born in Boston.

Nov. 7, 1944 – Franklin D. Roosevelt was elected for a record fourth term as President of the United States of America.

Nov. 7, 1952 – On homecoming night in Evergreen, Evergreen High School beat Repton High School, 46-0.

Nov. 7, 1956 – It was on this night that “Mon-Ka of Mars” (via contactee Dick Miller) requested certain radio frequencies be cleared at 10:30 p.m. so a message to the people of Los Angeles could be sent from their craft 10,000 miles above. A tongue-in-cheek AP story publicized the event and two radio stations went off the air as a gimmick. Alas, Mon-Ka was a no-show.

Nov. 7, 1958 – Evergreen High School, under head coach Wendell Hart and assistant coach Jeff Moorer, beat T.R. Miller, 18-13, in Brewton. The probable starting line-up for Evergreen left end, Leon McKenzie; left tackle, Paul Hardin; left guard, Byron Warren; center, Paul Pace; right guard, George Bolton; right tackle, Wayne Peacock; right end, Wayne Stinson; quarterback, Jimmy Bell or Billy Melton; left halfback James Reaves or Ceylon Strong; right halfback, Bobby Smith or Jimmy Eddins; fullback Robbie Boykin. Bob Riley was Miller’s head coach.

Nov. 7, 1963 - Elston Howard, of the New York Yankees, became the first black player to be named the American League's Most Valuable Player.

Nov. 7, 1964 - The latest U.S. intelligence analysis claimed that Communist forces in South Vietnam now included about 30,000 professional full-time soldiers, many of whom were North Vietnamese. Before this, it was largely reported that the war was merely an internal insurgent movement in South Vietnam opposed to the government in Saigon. This information discredited that theory and indicated that the situation involves North and South Vietnam.

Nov. 7, 1965 - Bart Starr of the Green Bay Packers was sacked 11 times by the Detroit Lions.

Nov. 7, 1966 - Secretary of Defense Robert S. McNamara faced a storm of student protest when he visited Harvard University to address a small group of students. As he left a dormitory, about 100 demonstrators shouted at him and demanded a debate. When McNamara tried to speak, supporters of the Students for a Democratic Society shouted him down. McNamara then attempted to leave, but 25 demonstrators crowded around his automobile so that it could not move. Police intervened and escorted McNamara from the campus.

Nov. 7, 1967 – U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson signed the Public Broadcasting Act of 1967, establishing the Corporation for Public Broadcasting.

Nov. 7, 1972 - Richard Nixon defeated Senator George McGovern (D-South Dakota) and was re-elected President of the United States.

Nov. 7, 1973 - New Jersey became the first U.S. state to permit girls to play on Little League baseball teams.

Nov. 7, 1973 – Gaineswood in Demopolis, Ala. was designated a National Historic Landmark. (13 Alabama Ghosts)

Nov. 7, 1983 - Ali Haji-Sheikh of the New York Giants kicked his second 56-yard field goal.

Nov. 7, 1986 – Conecuh County Commission Chairman David Lamar Burt of Fairnelson, Ala. passed away at the age of 61. He was elected chairman in 1976 and was re-elected in 1980 and 1984. He was an active member of the Purnell Methodist Church, a graduate of Lyeffion High School and U.S. Navy veteran of World War II.

Nov. 7, 1986 – In the opening round of the Class 1A state playoffs, Repton High School beat Coffeeville High School, 41-8, in Repton. John Thompson scored three touchdowns, Carl Staton scored one and Allen Nettles caught a touchdown pass.

Nov. 7, 1989 - Richard Ramirez, convicted of California's "Night Stalker" killings, was sentenced to death.

Nov. 7, 1990 - Mike Potter, administrator of Monroe County Hospital in Monroeville, Ala., announced that he was resigning effective Dec. 7 to take a job in Ennis, Texas.

Nov. 7, 1994 – WXYC, the student radio station of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, provided the world's first internet radio broadcast.
Nov. 7, 1997 – In “V for Vendetta,” Prothero was “interrogated” by V and subsequently driven mad. Without Prothero, the Voice of Fate was irrevocably changed.

Nov. 7, 1998 – In “V for Vendetta,” Creedy subtly inquired if Dominic would join his side in the impending coup. Dominic subtly refused. Dominic discovered that V had access to Fate. Finch traveled to Larkhill and ingested LSD. The experience gave him an ephiphany. Evey asked V what his will was, and V showed her.

Nov. 7, 2003 – Monroe County High School beat Greene County High School, 42-6, in Eutaw, Ala. Senior tailback Kevin Adair led MCHS with 128 yards on 21 carries, running for three touchdowns and passing for another. He also kicked five extra ponts. Other standout MCHS players in that game included Taylor Anderson, Justin Finklea, Tyler Hunt, Nick Madison, Jerrell, McMillan, Reco Nettles, Tyler Richeson and Sheldon Wilson.

Nov. 7, 2004 – During the Iraq War, the interim government of Iraq called for a 60-day "state of emergency" as U.S. forces stormed the insurgent stronghold of Fallujah.

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