Thursday, June 16, 2016

Today in History for June 16, 2016

Henry W. Benham
June 16, 1692 – In connection with the Salem witchcraft trials, Roger Toothaker died in prison.

June 16, 1738 - Mary Katharine Goddard was born in New London, Conn. She would publish the first version of the Declaration of Independence that included all of the Congressional signatures.

June 16, 1775 - George Washington accepted the post of commander in chief of the Continental Army.

June 16, 1816 – Lord Byron read “Fantasmagoriana” to his four house guests at the Villa Diodati, Percy Shelley, Mary Shelley, Claire Clairmont and John Polidori, and inspired his challenge that each guest write a ghost story, which culminated in Mary Shelley writing the novel “Frankenstein,” John Polidori writing the short story “The Vampyre,” and Byron writing the poem “Darkness.”

June 16, 1848 – Arthur P. Bagby of Claiborne, Ala. resigned from the U.S. Senate after nearly seven years as a senator.

June 16, 1850 – English-Australian explorer William Lawson passed away at the age of 76 at Prospect, New South Wales, Australia. He co-discovered a passage inland through the Blue Mountains from Sydney.

June 16, 1858 – Senate candidate Abraham Lincoln delivered his “House Divided” speech in Springfield, Illinois. Lincoln said that the slavery issue had to be resolved and declared that, "A house divided against itself cannot stand."

June 16, 1862 – At the Battle of Secessionville, a Union attempt to capture Charleston, South Carolina was thwarted when the Confederates turned back an attack at Secessionville, just south of the city on James Island. All three attacks against the fort failed. Union General Henry W. Benham was arrested three days later for an assault without permission.

June 16, 1862 – During the Civil War, skirmishes were fought at Mount Jackson, Virginia and at Winchester, Tennessee.

June 16, 1863 – During the Civil War, skirmishes were fought at Maysville, Mount Carmel, Fox Springs and Triplett’s Bridge, Ky.; at Waterloo and near Port Hudson, La.; in the Jornada del Muerto desert in the New Mexico Territory; and at Quinn’s Mill on the Coldwater River, on the Hatchie River and at Holly Springs, Miss.

June 16, 1863 – During the Civil War, a Federal operation began against Sioux Indians in the Dakota Territory, and a Federal operation between La Grange, Tenn. and Panola, Miss. began.

June 16, 1863 – During the Civil War, the siege of Vicksburg, Mississippi entered Day 29.

June 16, 1864 – During the Civil War, the siege of Petersburg and Richmond began after a moonlight skirmish.

June 16, 1864 – During the Civil War, skirmishes were fought at West Point, Ark. and at Spencer, West Virginia.

June 16, 1869 – Indian-English explorer Charles Sturt passed away at the age of 74 in Cheltenham, Gloucestershire, England. Sturt was a British explorer of Australia, and part of the European exploration of Australia. He led several expeditions into the interior of the continent, starting from both Sydney and later from Adelaide.

June 16, 1883 - The New York Giants baseball team admitted all ladies for free to the ballpark. It was the first Ladies Day.

June 16, 1897 - The U.S. government signed a treaty of annexation with Hawaii.

June 16, 1903 – The Ford Motor Company was incorporated.

June 16, 1903 – Roald Amundsen commenced the first east-west navigation of the Northwest Passage, leaving Oslo, Norway.

June 16, 1904 – Irish author James Joyce began a relationship with Nora Barnacle, his future wife, and subsequently used the date to set the actions for his novel “Ulysses.” This date is now traditionally called "Bloomsday".

June 16, 1906 – The Andalusia Star, which was established in 1896, absorbed The Andalusia Times.

June 16, 1909 - Author Archie Carr was born in Mobile, Ala.

June 16, 1915 – T.A. Gantt, the manager of the Arcade Theatre in Evergreen, Ala., announced that the film, “The Trey o’ Hearts,” was being discontinued due to low attendance. An action film serial, this 1914 movie is currently considered to be lost.

June 16, 1915 – Evergreen’s baseball team beat Andalusia, 8-2, in Evergreen, Ala.

June 16, 1921 – Evergreen’s baseball team was scheduled to play Monroeville on this Thusday at 4 p.m. Admission was 25 cents and 35 cents.

June 16, 1938 - Jimmy Foxx of the Boston Red Sox set a major league record when he was walked six times in one game.

June 16, 1938 – Author Joyce Carol Oates was born in Lockport, N.Y.

June 16, 1946 – The Evergreen Greenies beat Uriah, 8-1, as rain halted the game at the end of the eighth inning. In his Greenie pitching debut, Jim Windham gave up just one hit and no runs while Page led the Greenies at the plate with a home run.

June 16, 1952 - "Anne Frank: Diary of a Young Girl" was published in the United States.

June 16, 1959 - TV's Superman, 45-year-old George Reeves, was found dead in an apparent suicide at Benedict Canyon, Los Angeles, Calif. It was to be the start of the urban legend known as the Superman Curse.

June 16, 1961 - Following a meeting between President John F. Kennedy and South Vietnam envoy Nguyen Dinh Thuan, an agreement was reached for direct training and combat supervision of Vietnamese troops by U.S. instructors.

June 16, 1963 - Cosmonaut Valentina Tereshkova became the first woman in space.

June 16, 1965 - Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara announced that 21,000 more U.S. troops were to be sent to Vietnam. He also claimed that it was now known that North Vietnamese regular troops had begun to infiltrate South Vietnam. The new U.S. troops were to join the U.S. Marines and paratroopers from the 173rd Airborne Brigade that had arrived earlier to secure U.S. airbases and facilities.

June 16, 1966 – The Evergreen Courant reported that the Lyeffion Quarterback Club was sponsoring Little League Baseball as a summer recreation program for boys in the elementary school at Lyeffion. There were four teams with approximately 50 boys participating. Officers of the Lyeffion Little League were President, Bernard Powell; Vice President, Harold Ryals; Secretary, Jane Brooks; Chief Umpire, R.J. Davis. The teams with managers and assistant managers were: Braves, Harold Ryals and Woodrow Pate; Giants, Herbert Oakley and James Cowart; Dodgers, Joe Varner and Alvin Quinley; Cardinals, Jack Daniels and Eugene Davis. Each team was to play twice a week on Tuesday and Thursday nights.

June 16, 1966 – The Evergreen Courant reported that the first cotton bloom of the 1966 crop was brought to The Courant that week by Leslie Crosby, who had had this honor and also that of the first bale to the gin on a number of occasions in the past. Crosby was a well-known farmer of Rt. E, Evergreen, and had enjoyed good success over the years with cotton and other crops as well as livestock.

June 16, 1966 – This day’s edition of The Evergreen Courant carried the following advertisement: “We Buy Old Coins of All Kinds – Western Auto Store – Pete Wolff.”

June 16, 1967 – Army Spc. Joseph Earl Hammac of Brewton, Ala. was killed in action in Vietnam.

June 16, 1969 - U.S. President Nixon sent a telegram to Reggie Jackson thanking him for hitting two home runs while he was in the park on June 11.

June 16, 1970 – Chicago Bears running back Brian Piccolo died of cancer at the age of 26 in New York City.

June 16, 1970 - North Vietnamese and Viet Cong attacks almost completely isolated Phnom Penh. The principal fighting raged in and around Kompong Thom, about 90 miles north of the capital.

June 16, 1972 - Four men that worked for the Committee to Re-Elect the President were caught breaking into the Watergate office of the Democratic National Committee. They were arrested while planting listening devices in the office.

June 16, 1977 - Rocket scientist and one-time Alabama resident Wernher Von Braun died of pancreatic cancer at the age of 65 in Alexandria, Va.

June 16, 1981 - The "Chicago Tribune" purchased the Chicago Cubs baseball team from the P.K. Wrigley Chewing Gum Company for $20.5 million.

June 16, 1981 - The Evergreen City Council met on this Tuesday night at City Hall with Mayor Pro-tem Aubrey D. Padgett presiding in the absence of Mayor Lee F. Smith. The council voted to discontinue the demand charge on the auditorium portion of the L&N Depot, which was owned by the Murder Creek Historical Society, according to City Clerk Miller Sellers. The Council also adopted a resolution to establish a personnel system for the City of Evergreen.

June 16, 1983 – Evergreen, Ala. received 1.33 inches of rain.

June 16, 1991 - Otis Nixon of the Montreal Expos broke a major league record with six stolen bases in one game.
June 16, 2005 – The Coleman Cemetery in Butler County, Ala. was added to the Alabama Historic Cemetery Register.

June 16, 2014 – National Baseball Hall of Fame right fielder Tony Gwynn passed away at the age of 54 from salivary gland cancer in Poway, Calif. He played his entire career, 1982-2001, for the San Diego Padres. He was inducted into the Hall of Fame in 2007.

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