Saturday, June 2, 2018

Today in History for June 2, 2018

June 2, 1537 - Pope Paul III banned the enslavement of Indians.

June 2, 1692 – The Court of Oyer and Terminer convened in Salem Town (now Danvers), Massachusetts, beginning what would become known as the Salem Witch Trials.

June 2, 1692 – Bridget Bishop, a tavern owner, became the first person to go to trial in the Salem witch trials in Salem, Massachusetts. She was found guilty and hanged on June 10, the first of 19 executions that took place over the next four months.

June 2, 1731 – Martha Washington was born Martha Dandridge on the Chestnut Grove Plantation in New Kent County, Virginia.

June 2, 1743 – Italian occultist and explorer Alessandro Cagliostro was born in Albergheria, the old Jewish Quarter of Palermo, Sicily.

June 2, 1774 – The Quartering Act was enacted, allowing a governor in colonial America to house British soldiers in uninhabited houses, outhouses, barns or other buildings if suitable quarters were not provided.

June 2, 1774 – English-Australian explorer William Lawson was born in Middlesex, England.

June 2, 1776 - Major General John Thomas died of smallpox.

June 2, 1777 - The British captured Fort Ticonderoga.

June 2, 1815 – Future Union general Philip Kearny was born in New York City. He was killed at the age of 47 on Sept. 1, 1862 when he accidentally rode behind Confederate lines at Chantilly, Virginia. Confederate General Robert E. Lee, who had witnessed Kearny’s daring battlefield exploits in Mexico, returned his body under a flag of truce.

June 2, 1823 – About 600 Arikara Indians attacked William Ashley and his band of fur traders, killing 12, wounding many more and igniting the most important of the early 19th century battles between Indians and mountain men.

June 2, 1838 – Confederate soldier Bright Waters was born in Burnt Corn, Ala. He enlisted at Bells Landing on July 28, 1861 and served with the Monroe Guards. He was taken prisoner at Gettysburg and was later exchanged. He was wounded near Fredericksburg on May 19, 1864 and was discharged. He passed away in 1882 and was buried in Mt. Pleasant Methodist Cemetery at Skinnerton.

June 2, 1840 – English poet and novelist Thomas Hardy was born in Upper Bockhampton, Dorset. His books include “Far From the Madding Crowd” (1874), “The Return of the Native” (1878), “Tess of the d’Urbervilles” (1891) and “Jude the Obscure” (1895).

June 2, 1847 - Confederate heroine Emma Sansom was born in Social Circle, Ga. Around 1852, she and her family moved to just outside Gadsden, Ala.

June 2, 1862 – During the Civil War, “affairs” occurred at Galloway's Farm, Arkansas and near Rienzi, Mississippi. Skirmishes were also fought at Tranter's Creek, North Carolina and at Woodstock and Strasburg in Virginia.

June 2, 1863 – During the Civil War, skirmishes were fought at Jamestown, Kentucky and at Upperville, Virginia.

June 2, 1863 – The siege at Vicksburg, Miss. entered Day 15.

June 2, 1864 – Pvt. John L. Nixon was killed in the Battle of Cold Harbor, Va. Earlier in the war, he enlisted with Co. D of the 5th Alabama Infantry. Co. D became Co. C after reorganization on April 27, 1862 under Capt. Thomas Mercer Riley.

June 2, 1864 - Union General Ulysses S. Grant prepared for a major assault along the entire Confederate front. He attacked the next day.

June 2, 1864 – During the Civil War, ordered to pursue and destroy General Nathan Bedford Forrest, General John Sturgis left Memphis with a force of 8,100 men. An “affair” also occurred at Covington, Virginia.

June 2, 1865 - In an event that is generally regarded as marking the end of the Civil War, Confederate General Edmund Kirby Smith, commander of Confederate forces west of the Mississippi, signed the surrender terms offered by Union negotiators. With Smith's surrender, the last Confederate army ceased to exist, bringing a formal end to the bloodiest four years in U.S. history. The war that cost 620,000 American lives was over.

June 2, 1883 - The first baseball game under electric lights was played in Fort Wayne, Indiana.

June 2, 1886 - Grover Cleveland became the second U.S. president to get married while in office. He was the first to have a wedding in the White House.

June 2, 1887 – German SS officer Gottlieb Hering was born in Warmbronn, German Empire.

June 2, 1896 - Guglieimo Marconi's radio telegraphy device was patented in Great Britain.

June 2, 1896 – Graduation exercises were scheduled to take place at 10 a.m. at the Southwest Alabama Agricultural School in Evergreen, Ala. Diplomas were to be awarded by the Rev. B.F. Riley of Athens, Ga. The Class of 1896 included Mary Howard Watkins, Elvie Liverman, Sallie Stallworth, Mary Robbins Sampey, Fannie Kemp Dennis, Hallie Watkins, Mary Liverman, Arthur Cunningham and Willie Wilton Watts.

June 2, 1897 - Mark Twain, at age 61, was quoted by the New York Journal as saying "the report of my death was an exaggeration." He was responding to the rumors that he had died.

June 2, 1906 - J.W. Wilkinson made the trip to Perdue Hill (from Manistee?) on this Saturday to attend the Masonic Lodge.

June 2, 1907 – Harlem Renaissance writer Dorothy West was born in Boston, Mass.

June 2, 1910 - Pygmies were discovered by explorers in Dutch New Guinea.

June 2, 1911 – W.B. Coker, who lived a few miles west of Evergreen, Ala., left at The Evergreen Courant’s office the first cotton bloom reported in Conecuh County for the 1911 season.

June 2, 1911 – During the night, several casks of beer and three cases of liquor were stolen from one of the lower rooms of the Covington County Jail in Andalusia, Ala. The booze had been seized by Sheriff Livings and stored there for safekeeping.

June 2, 1911 – Deputy Collector of Internal Revenue W.F. Nabors returned to Mobile on this Friday afternoon after a “strenuous trip” through Monroe County, Ala., where he captured and seized five complete distilling plants over a two-day period.

June 2, 1913 – Comic novelist Barbara Pym was born in Oswestry, Shropshire, England.

June 2, 1913 - The monthly term of Monroe County court was held on this Monday in Monroeville.

June 2, 1913 - J.L. Marshall returned to Monroe County on this Monday from Chattanooga, where he attended the Confederate Reunion. He reported a very pleasant trip, according to The Monroe Journal.

June 2, 1915 – The final day of Monroe County High School’s four-day fourth-annual commencement exercises continued on this Wednesday with baseball games between MCHS and Finchburg at 9 a.m. and 3 p.m. in Monroeville, Ala. Graduation exercises began at 8 p.m. with the address delivered by Dr. W.M. Murray of Brewton.

June 2, 1915 – Southwest Alabama Agricultural School graduation exercises were scheduled to be held at the Conecuh County Courthouse at 8 p.m. in Evergreen, Ala. Congressman S.H. Dent was scheduled to deliver the commencement address. Earlier that day, a baseball game between the school and Brewton was scheduled to be played.

June 2, 1915 – The Evergreen Courant reported that the “new Croom building” was now complete. The ground floor was to be occupied by J.H. Dey and the second floor was to be used as a Phythian and Woodmen hall.

June 2, 1915 - The closing exercises of the Second District Agricultural School were scheduled to end on this Friday night with a presentation of ‘Sherwood, or Robin Hood and the Three Kings.’

June 2, 1915 - Austro-Hungarian and German troops continued their attacks on the Russian soldiers holding Przemysl (now in Poland), the citadel guarding the northeastern-most point of the Austro-Hungarian Empire.

June 2, 1917 – On this Saturday night about two o’clock, the cottage home belonging to Mip Amelin Newsom in the suburbs of Camden, Ala. burned. It was unoccupied and the loss was about $13,500, no insurance. The origin of the fire was unknown.

June 2, 1918 – Kathryn Tucker Windham was born in Selma, Ala. Windham, who lived in Thomasville as a child and worked in Camden for the Area Agency on Aging, promoted Alabama's lifeways and folk traditions with her writings, photography, and radio commentaries. She is best known for her series of ghost story collections, beginning with “13 Alabama Ghosts and Jeffrey” in 1969, as well as numerous other publications, photography, and storytelling.

June 2, 1919 – During World War I, Army Sgt. Dewey Earl Rayboun of Thomasville, Ala. “died from disease.” Rayboun, the son of Claude and Lula Rayboun, was buried in the Choctaw Corner Cemetery near Thomasville in Clarke County, Ala.

June 2, 1921 – The Monroe Journal reported, under the headline “SMALLPOX EPIDEMIC,” that an outbreak of smallpox in the southern part of the county was reported to the health authorities a few days before, and prompt measures were taken to stamp out the disease. Thirty cases were said to exist in a turpentine camp near Uriah. The camp was placed under rigid quarantine and every effort was made to prevent the spread of the disorder to other communities.

June 2, 1921 – The Monroe Journal reported that E.T. Simpson of Ocean Springs, Miss. was in Monroeville for a few days that week installing a Linotype machine in The Journal office. He was “an expert machinist and capable instructor in the operation of this wonderful mechanical contrivance, which seems able to do everything in the preparation of reading material except to exercise independent thought.”

June 2, 1921 – The Monroe Journal reported, in news from the Jones Mill community, that the passenger train on the Deep Water Route did not make its appearance on the day before on account of a wreck on the road between Jones Mill and Pensacola. “As we have only one train a day here we miss it greatly when it fails to come but guess our troubles are nothing to that of the passengers who are aboard at the time of the delay.”

June 2, 1921 – The Monroe Journal reported that the Monroe County Bank, Monroe’s oldest and strongest financial institution, had been recently admitted to membership in the Federal Reserve Banking system. “The mere fact of the acceptance by the Federal Reserve Board of the bank’s application for membership is evidence of the high esteem in which the bank is held in financial circles for its progressive policy. The new connection will enable the bank to serve its constituency yet more efficiently.”

June 2, 1924 – U.S. President Calvin Coolidge signed the Indian Citizenship Act into law, granting citizenship to all Native Americans born within the territorial limits of the United States.

June 2, 1926 – The Evergreen Courant reported that the “new highway” between Evergreen and McKenzie was “rapidly nearing completion.” Grading work had reached the intersection of Main Street.

June 2, 1926 – The Evergreen Courant reported that Edwin C. Page had recently completed his “academic course at the University” and would begin the study of law next fall.

June 2, 1931 – Australian politician Gerald Beresford Ponsonby Peacocke was born. He went on to serve as a member of the New South Wales Legislative Assembly.

June 2, 1935 - George Herman "Babe" Ruth announced that he was retiring from baseball.

June 2, 1935 – Novelist Carol Shields was born in Oak Park, Ill. Her 1993 novel, “Stone Diaries,” won the Pulitzer Prize.

June 2, 1941 – The first cotton bloom of the season arrived at The Courant on this Monday and was sent by E.A. Andrews of Evergreen, Ala., Rt. C.

June 2, 1941 – National Baseball Hall of Fame first baseman Lou Gehrig died at the age of 37 in New York City of the degenerative disease amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. He played his entire career (1923-1939) for the New York Yankees and was inducted into the Hall of Fame in 1939.

June 2, 1943 – Aliceville, Alabama's World War II prisoner-of-war camp received its first contingent of captured German soldiers. By the end of the week, Aliceville housed 3,000 prisoners. Nearly 5,000 POWs eventually would be imprisoned in the facility, the largest of four such camps in Alabama.

June 2, 1948 – German SS officer Karl Brandt, 44, was hanged at Landsberg Prison, Landsberg am Lech.

June 2, 1948 – German SS officer Wolfram Sievers, who was the managing director of the Ahnenerbe from 1935 to 1945, was executed by hanging for crimes against humanity at Landsberg prison in Bavaria.

June 2, 1949 - Chester “Check” Ellis Jr. was to begin working out with the Brewton Millers of the Alabama State Baseball League on this night and was expected to sign with the Class D club a few days later. “Check,” a 22-year-old right-handed pitcher, talked with Miller manager Norman Veazy on Mon., May 20, and was told to report for practice on Thurs., June 2. “Check” had been attending Troy State Teachers College, and for the past two months had pitched for Colquitt in a very fast semi-pro loop in South Georgia. He was a star athlete at Evergreen High School, where he received his diploma, and played with the Evergreen Greenies in 1948 after completing a hitch in the Navy.

June 2, 1949 - Thirty-four men and four ladies were scheduled to tee off on this afternoon at the Evergreen Country Club golf course in the Evergreen Golf Club’s Handicap Tournament. The golfers were to start play at 1:30 on this afternoon. Men in the tourney included Truman Hyde, Jack Newman, Horace Deer, C.T. Ivey, Temple Millsap, Dr. Bill Turk, Waynard Price, Sam Cope, Henry Sessions, Roy Pace, Ray Canterbury, Lawton Kamplain, Bayne Petrey, Frank Johnson, Bob Bozeman, Bonnie King, Sam Granade, Bill Cardwell, C.A. Jones, Dr. Joe Hagood, Alfred Long, Harry Monroe, Byron Warren, Willard Williams, Edwin Page, Knud Nielsen, Zell Murphy, L.K. Wiggins, Hub Robinson, Bob Kendall Jr., Billy Carleton, Vernon Millsap, Sonny Price and Herman Bolden. Women in the tourney included Helen Kamplain, Velma Cope, Mary Nielsen and Katie Newman.

June 2, 1949 – The Evergreen Courant reported that the Bank of Evergreen was being remodeled. Work was fast approaching completion on a vast remodeling project at the Bank of Evergreen. The building was being done over entirely on the inside. The working space was being shifted over from the west to the east side of the building, incidentally shifting the lobby, which had been decreased in size considerably to make room for an office in front. In addition to the old entrance, which was to be retained as heretofore, another entrance had been made to enter the lobby from the hallway. New and modern fixtures were being installed, including individual tellers’ cages.

June 2, 1952 - Cpl. James G. Freeman, the son of Mr. and Mrs. J.B. Freeman, of the Old Town community, sailed for overseas duty in Korea with the Engineer’s Division.

June 2, 1955 – Former Evergreen Courant editor and publisher Lamar W. Matkin passed away at the age of 79 and is buried at Pine Crest Cemetery in Mobile, Ala.

June 2, 1959 - Ted Williams of the Boston Red Sox got his 2,500th hit of his career.

June 2, 1964 - Frank T. Salter of Evergreen, Ala. won nomination to the office of Judge of Probate of Conecuh County over veteran Judge Lloyd G. Hart in this Tuesday’s Democratic Primary Election. Nomination was tantamount to election in Conecuh. Salter rolled past Hart by a complete, but unofficial, count of 1,935 to 1,591. His margin of 344 votes came as a surprise to many political observers, although his victory had been predicted freely in the closing days of the runoff campaign. Salter, brother of State Rep. Wiley Salter, carried 27 of the county’s 38 boxes. The new judge-nominate was 38 years old and a native of Conecuh County. He graduated from the Lyeffion High School, earned his BS degree at Troy State College and his Masters at Auburn University. Salter served overseas in World War II with the U.S. Army and was recalled to active duty and served overseas again during the Korean War. Hart was elected judge of probate in 1946 and was re-elected without opposition in 1952 and 1958.

June 2, 1965 – During the Vietnam War, the first contingent of Australian combat troops arrived by plane in Saigon. They joined the U.S. 173rd Airborne Brigade at Bien Hoa air base.

June 2, 1966 - Surveyor I soft landed on the moon and began transmitting detailed photos.

June 2, 1967 - Capt. Howard Levy, 30, a dermatologist from Brooklyn, was convicted by a general court-martial in Fort Jackson, South Carolina, of willfully disobeying orders and making disloyal statements about U.S. policy in Vietnam.

June 2, 1976 – NBA point guard Earl Boykins was born in Cleveland, Ohio. He went on to play for Eastern Michigan, the New Jersey Nets, the Cleveland Cavaliers, the Orlando Magic, the Los Angeles Clippers, the Golden State Warriors, the Denver Nuggets, the Milwaukee Bucks, the Charlotte Bobcats, the Washington Wizards and the Houston Rockets.

June 2, 1981 - Timmy Trawick and Gary Shewbrey, both of Goodway, killed a five-foot, 10.5-inch rattlesnake on the Old Stage Road. They killed the snake with an eight-foot piece of plywood. The snake has 12 rattles and one button.

June 2, 1983 – Leroy, Ala. native and Oakland A’s first baseman Kelvin Moore appeared in his final Major League Baseball game.

June 2, 1984 - William Ward was selected by the Conecuh County CowBelles as the 1984 Father of the Year. The plaque was presented by Mrs. Lynn Davis, vice president of the Conecuh County CowBelles, at their annual Father’s Day Banquet on this Saturday night at the Lyeffion High School lunchroom.

June 2, 1985 - Tommy Sandt was ejected from a Major League Baseball game before the national anthem was played. He had complained to the umpire about a call against his team the night before.

June 2, 1990 - Randy Johnson achieved the first no-hitter in Seattle Mariner history.

June 2, 1990 - The Lower Ohio Valley tornado outbreak spawned 66 confirmed tornadoes across four states, starting on this date.

June 2, 1993 – National Baseball Hall of Fame first baseman Johnny Mize passed away in Demorest, Ga. at the age of 80. During his career, he played for the St. Louis Cardinals, the New York Giants and the New York Yankees. He was inducted into the Hall of Fame in 1981.

June 2, 1995 - Hideo Nomo got his first Major League Baseball victory.

June 2, 1996 - Tim Belcher of the Kansas City Royals won his 100th career game.

June 2, 1997 – In Denver, Timothy McVeigh was convicted on 15 counts of murder and conspiracy for his role in the 1995 bombing of the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma City. He was executed four years later.

June 2, 1999 - A ribbon-cutting was held on this Wednesday at 1 p.m. for Various Supplies, owned by Bonnie and Bobby Stokes. They offered discounts on all fishing and hunting supplies, office supplies and equipment, and much more. They were located across from the Conecuh County Courthouse.

June 2, 1999 - U.S. Senator Richard C. Shelby (R-Ala.) was scheduled to address residents of Conecuh County at a county meeting on this Wednesday at 12 noon at the City Hall Council Chambers at 210 East Front St. in Evergreen.

June 2, 2000 - Fred McGriff of the Tampa Bay Devil Rays became the 31st major league player to hit 400 career home runs.

June 2, 2003 - In Seville, Spain, a chest containing the supposed remains of Christopher Columbus were exhumed for DNA tests to determine whether the bones were really those of the explorer. The tests were aimed at determining if Columbus was currently buried in Spain's Seville Cathedral or in Santo Domingo in the Dominican Republic.

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