Monday, June 25, 2018

Today in History for June 25, 2018

Grave of Edmund Thomas King

June 25, 1745 – Future South Carolina Patriot, physician and U.S. Treasurer Thomas Tudor Tucker was born in Port Royal, Bermuda.

June 25, 1788 – Virginia became the tenth state to ratify the United States Constitution.

June 25, 1799 – Scottish-English botanist and explorer David Douglas was born in Scone, Perth and Kinross, Scotland. He worked as a gardener, and explored the Scottish Highlands, North America, and Hawaii, where he died under mysterious circumstances while climbing Mauna Kea at the age of 35 in 1834.

June 25, 1813 – More than 300 hostile Creeks, under Prophet Francis, were camped at the Holy Ground in present-day Alabama.

June 25, 1819 – Alabama Masonic Lodge No. 51 (now No. 3 in Perdue Hill) was chartered by the Grand Lodge of South Carolina at its original location in Claiborne, Ala.

June 25, 1862 – Hilliard’s Legion was organized at Montgomery, Ala. and consisted of five battalions. Fourth Battalion was commanded by major John D. McLennan of Barbour County. The Legion proceeded to East Tennessee, nearly 3,000 strong, under its commander, Col. Hilliard of Montgomery. Proceeding to Cumberland Gap, it was part of the force that besieged that position.

June 25, 1862 – HILLIARD’S LEGION: Bolling Hall Jr. became lieutenant colonel of the second battalion of six companies in Col. Henry W. Hilliard’s new legion. The legion was organized at Montgomery and consisted of five battalions. The most reliable report places the legion’s strength at 2,000 men.

June 25, 1862 – During the Civil War, the first day of the Seven Days' campaign began with fighting at Oak Grove, Va. Skirmishes were also fought at La Fayette Station, Tenn. and at Yellville, Ark.

June 25, 1863 – During the Civil War, Confederates captured Federal outposts at Port Hudson, La.

June 25, 1863 – During the Civil War, skirmishes were fought near McConnellsburg, Pa.; at Beech Grove, Guy's Gap and Fosterville in Tennessee; and near Loup Creek, West Virginia.

June 25, 1863 – During the Civil War, on Day 38 of the Vicksburg, Mississippi siege, Union soldiers tried to exploit an explosion under the Confederate entrenchments, but Confederates repulsed the attack.

June 25, 1864 – Union troops from Pennsylvania begin tunneling toward the Rebels at Petersburg, Va. in order to blow a hole in the Confederate lines and end the stalemate. The brainchild of Lieutenant Colonel Henry Pleasants, the plan called for the men of his regiment, the 48th Pennsylvania – mostly miners from Pennsylvania’s anthracite coal region – to construct a 500-foot tunnel to the Confederate line, fill it with powder, and blow a gap in the fortifications. The explosion was set off on July 30, and a huge gap was blown in the Rebel line, resulting in the Battle of the Crater. (Lewis Lavon Peacock could have possibly been in the area at that time.)

June 25, 1864 – During the Civil War, skirmishes were fought at Point Pleasant, La.; at Rancho Las Rinas, Texas; at Morganfield, Ky.; and at Ashwood, Miss.

June 25, 1868 - Florida, Alabama, Louisiana, Georgia, North Carolina and South Carolina were readmitted to the Union.

June 25, 1876 – Native American forces led by chiefs Crazy Horse and Sitting Bull defeated U.S. Army troops led by Lt. Col. George Armstrong Custer at the Battle of Little Bighorn in southern Montana. About 210 men of the U.S. 7th Cavalry were killed by Sioux and Cheyenne Indians as the battle, which became known as “Custer’s Last Stand.”

June 25, 1878 – The Monroe Journal reported, in news from the Perdue Hill community, that the “new saloon of the Hill is handsomely fixed up, and looks neat, cozy and enticing. The liquors and cigars are the best brands, the wines are the best the market affords, and the best beer is always kept on tap.”

June 25, 1878 – The Monroe Journal reported in its “River Dots” column that the “palatial steamer Mary, Capt. Quill’s boat, certainly deserves well at the hands of our people. The Mary is regular and prompt and runs both summer and winter; she runs during the dull as well as business season, and at times at a great loss to her owners, no doubt – all for the accommodation of the people. Capt. Jno. Quill is a clever and accommodating gentleman, and Mr. Clay King, as first clerk, had won many ladies’ hearts, made hosts of warm friends, and we wish all – the Mary and her excellent officers – the continued success they so well merit.”

June 25, 1878 – The Monroe Journal reported that Mr. Find. McCorvey was in a semi-conscious state, being kept completely under the influence of opiates. When aroused, he recognized his friends, however, and was disposed to talk, but was unable to do so any length of time and then scarcely above a whisper.

June 25, 1896 – The Monroe Journal reported that C.W. Robbins, editor of The Brewton Standard Gauge, attended the senatorial convention at Monroeville, Ala. the week before.

June 25, 1896 – The Monroe Journal reported that, at a regular communication of Monroeville Lodge No. 153, the following officers were elected for the ensuing Masonic year: S.H. Dailey, Worshipful Master; Jno. DeLoach, Senior Warden; S.W. Yarbrough, Junior Warden; D.J. Hatter, Treasurer; Q. Salter, Secretary; L.G. Steele, Senior Deacon; J.M. Sowell, Junior Deacon; S.F. Daniel, Tyler; and W.G. McCorvey, J.F. Fore, Stewards.

June 25, 1896 – The Monroe Journal reported, at a regular communication of Mount Pleasant Lodge No. 266, the following officers were elected for the ensuring Masonic year: E.T. King, Worshipful Master; J.W. Shomo, Senior Warden; C.E. King, Treasurer; W.A. Shomo, Secretary; F.J. Norris, Senior Deacon; R.G. Scott, Junior Deacon; and W.D. Lambert, Tyler.

June 25, 1896 – The Monroe Journal reported that, at a regular communication of Bells Landing Lodge No. 373, F.&A.M., the following officers were elected for the ensuing Masonic year: W.M. Hestle, Worshipful Master; J.G. Lambriecht, Senior Warden; Geo. W. Lyon, Junior Warden; Geo. W. Riley, Treasurer; A.P. Majors, Secretary; W.T. Reaves, Senior Deacon; W.W. Riley, Junior Deacon; and Geo. C. Nettles, Tyler.

June 25, 1896 – The Monroe Journal, in news from the Perdue Hill community, reported that M.J. Roberts was erecting another story on the old Roberts, Locklin & Co. building on Broad Street.

June 25, 1896 – The Monroe Journal reported, in news from the Jones Mills community, that Miss Maggie Busey was teaching school at the Escambia Creek and that she had a very large number of pupils.

June 25, 1896 - Monroe Chapter No. 4 was scheduled to hold a regular Convocation in Masonic Hall at Perdue Hill at 10 a.m. The most important work was to be the installation of the officers. Companions were requested to attend and remember their dues. W.J. McCants was the Chapter’s Secretary.

June 25, 1903 – English novelist, essayist and critic George Orwell was born Eric Arthur Blair in Motihari, British India. He is best known for his novels “Animal Farm” (1945) and “1984” (1949).

June 25, 1906 – Lightning struck the kitchen chimney of the J.C. Manning home, four miles southwest of Monroeville, Ala. shocking members of the family and breaking every piece of crockery in the house.

June 25, 1912 - Dr. H.M. Hawthorn of Wallace was in Evergreen, Ala. on business on this Tuesday.

June 25, 1913 – American Civil War veterans began arriving at the Great Reunion of 1913, which was held at Gettysburg National Military Park in Adams County, Pa. This reunion included a Gettysburg Battlefield encampment of American Civil War veterans for the Battle of Gettysburg's 50th anniversary. The June 29–July 4 gathering of 53,407 veterans (~8,750 Confederate) was the largest ever Civil War veteran reunion.

June 25, 1915 - The German press published an official statement from the country’s war command addressing the German use of poison gas at the start of the Second Battle of Ypres two months earlier.

June 25, 1917 - The first American fighting troops landed in France.

June 25, 1918 - Babe Ruth became the second American League player to hit a home run in four consecutive games.

June 25, 1918 – National Baseball Hall of Fame first baseman Jake Beckley died at the age of 50 in Kansas City, Mo. During his career, he played for the Pittsburgh Alleghenys, the Pittsburgh Burghers, the Pittsburg Pirates, the New York Giants, the Cincinnati Reds and the St. Louis Cardinals. He was inducted into the Hall of Fame in 1971.

June 25, 1928 - Mr. A.C. Lee and Q. Salter, the editor of The Monroe Journal, went to Mobile on this Monday to be present at the dedication of the state docks.

June 25, 1928 - Monroeville was connected with Mobile on this Monday with the new bus line which was operated by W.S. Bowden. The bus was to leave Monroeville making stops at intermediate points for passengers. Those who wanted to go to Mobile and return the same day had five hours for pleasure or the transaction of business.

June 25, 1929 - Best-selling children’s author and illustrator Eric Carle was born in Syracuse, N.Y.

June 25, 1931 – State Rep. A.C. Lee of Monroeville, Ala. introduced a resolution, which passed, renaming the “William Wyatt Bibb Bridge” at Claiborne the “Claiborne-Murphy Bridge.”

June 25, 1933 - With Doc Jones registering his second shutout in a row, the Evergreen baseball team beat Greenville in Greenville on this Sunday afternoon, 2-0, to give them a four-game lead over the second-place Crenshaw County team from Luverne. Hester pitched for Greenville. Other players on Evergreen’s team that season included Skeeter Amos, Archie Barfield, Gaston, Joe Hagood, Hanna, Tom Kendall, Tom Melton and Moorer.

June 25, 1936 – Monroeville’s baseball team beat the Century-Flomaton team, 18-2, on this Thursday afternoon at Legion Field in Monroeville.

June 25, 1938 - A federal minimum wage law guaranteeing workers 25 cents an hour was established as part of the Fair Labor Standards Act.

June 25, 1940 – The Montgomery Rebels of the Southeastern Baseball League stopped in Evergreen, Ala. to eat on their way to Mobile for a series against the Mobile Shippers.

June 25, 1942 – Dwight D. Eisenhower became the commander of the U.S. troops in Europe, and he would go on to become supreme commander of the entire Allied Armies in Europe.

June 25, 1942 – The Evergreen Courant reported that Charles Henry and Howard Prather of West Blocton went “snaking” recently and killed two big timber rattlers – one was 55 inches long, 6-1/4 inches in circumference and had 16 rattles; the other was 46 inches long, 5-1/4 inches around and with nine rattles.

June 25, 1943 – Greening Masonic Lodge No. 53 in Evergreen, Ala. installed its slate of officers for the coming year after the lodge’s annual election on June 11. The new officers included A.K. Williams, Worshipful Master; T.L. Jackson, Senior Warden; W.W. Overbey, Junior Warden; F.L. Cardwell, Treasurer; W.G. Jones, Secretary; Robert Soule, Senior Deacon; I.S. Baggett, Junior Deacon, S.J. Brundage, Tyler.

June 25, 1943 – During the Holocaust, Jews in the Częstochowa Ghetto in Poland staged an uprising against the Nazis.

June 25, 1947 – “The Diary of a Young Girl” (better known as “The Diary of Anne Frank”) was published.

June 25, 1948 – Alabama native Joe Louis knocked out veteran fighter Jersey Joe Walcott in a rematch to retain the heavyweight championship, which he’d held since 1937. Walcott and Louis first fought in December 1947 at Madison Square Garden, when Louis won a 15-round decision in which he struggled to counter Walcott’s unorthodox style. The 1948 fight was the 25th and final time that Louis successfully defended his belt, and he announced his retirement in March 1949.

June 25, 1950 – The Korean War began when communist forces from North Korea invaded South Korea. Most of the actual combat occurred in the first year of the war, but it dragged on and on and more than three million people lost their lives. Truce negotiations began in 1951, and they were the longest truce negotiations in the history of warfare, lasting two years and 17 days, with 575 meetings between the opposing sides.

June 25, 1953 – The Evergreen Greenies baseball team was scheduled to play the Brewton Millers in Brewton on this Thursday.

June 25, 1953 – The Evergreen Courant reported, under the headline “Conecuh Will Induct 13 Men In July,” that Alabama’s induction call for July 1953 would be 707 men, according to Col. J.T. Johnson Jr., Acting State Director of Selective Service. This first represented Alabama’s part of a national call of 23,000 men. All of these men were to be furnished to the Army and no men under 20 years of age were to be inducted in Alabama in July, Johnson said. The number of men Conecuh would be called upon to furnish for July was 13.

June 25, 1953 – The Monroe Journal reported that “Little Cliff Farish” spent the previous weekend in Beatrice with his grandparents, Mr. and Mrs. Clifford Farish.

June 25, 1957 - Macon County, Ala. blacks kicked off a boycott of white businesses at a mass meeting in Tuskegee attended by 3,000 people. The boycott was in response to a plan to protect white political power in Tuskegee by gerrymandering its city limits so that all but a few African Americans would reside outside the city. The boycott, which brought national attention to Tuskegee, was sustained for four years and met many of the goals of its originator, the Tuskegee Civic Association.

June 25, 1957 - Late on this Tuesday afternoon 13 people escaped injury as a house on the outskirts of Evergreen was completely destroyed by fire. The Evergreen Fire Department answered the call, but was unable to hold the fire in check, as there were no fire hydrants nearby. The house was located behind Southern Coach, beside the L&N Railroad. Occupying the house were two women, Annie Mae Holley and four children, and Lillie Mae Stallworth, and seven children. No one was hurt in the blaze.

June 25, 1958 – In Conecuh County Circuit Court, James L. Lane was found guilty of first-degree manslaughter and sentence to five years in state prison in connection with the murder of Willie D. White in August 1957. Lane and Joe Lewis Bradley had both been indicted for second-degree murder in connection with White’s death, and Bradley had been sentenced to 15 years in prison during a trial prior to Lane’s. Lane’s case was unusual because he wasn’t actually present when White was shot, but under Alabama law, he could be charged with second-degree murder for having previous knowledge that the murder was going to take place and for being a part of it. Testimony at the trial showed that Lane drove Bradley to the house where Bradley got the gun to kill White then drove Bradley back to the place where Bradley later killed White and that Lane not only knew that Bradley planned to kill White but also encouraged Bradley to do so.

June 25, 1963 - The movie “,” with Alabama author Eugene Walter playing the role of an American journalist, was released in the United States.

June 25, 1965 - Two Viet Cong terrorist bombs ripped through a floating restaurant on the Saigon River. Thirty-one people, including nine Americans, were killed in the explosions. Dozens of other diners were wounded, including 11 Americans.

June 25, 1968 - Bobby Bonds of the San Francisco Giants hit a grand-slam home run in his first game with the Giants. He was the first player to debut with a grand-slam.

June 25, 1969 - The U.S. Navy turned 64 river patrol gunboats valued at $18.2 million over to the South Vietnamese Navy in what was described as the largest single transfer of military equipment in the war thus far.

June 25, 1973 – The Rev. F.P. Bachman began serving as pastor at the First Assembly of God in Evergreen, replacing the Rev. J.E. Welburn, who resigned to continue his ministry in Alaska.

June 25, 1973 - White House Counsel John Dean admitted that U.S. President Nixon took part in the Watergate cover-up.

June 25-27, 1978 - Enterprise Lodge No. 352 of the Knights of Pythias and Queen of Evergreen Court No. 562 was scheduled to host the 92nd annual session of the Grand Lodge Knights of Pythias and Grand Court Order of Calanthe of Alabama in Evergreen. This was said to be an historic occasion for Evergreen as this was the first time in its 92-year history that the Grand Lodge had convened in Evergreen. Sir Ellis Jackson was Chancellor Commander of Enterprise Lodge No. 352 and Sister Gussie V. Grace was Worthy Counsellor of Queen of Evergreen Court No. 562 and they were to act as official hosts for the session.

June 25, 1982 - John Carpenter's iconic science-fiction horror movie “The Thing” was released in U.S. theaters.

June 25, 1984 – American singer Prince released his most successful studio album, “Purple Rain.”

June 25, 1985 - New York Yankees officials enacted the rule that mandated that the team's bat boys were to wear protective helmets during all games.

June 25, 1996 – The Khobar Towers bombing in Saudi Arabia killed 19 U.S. servicemen.

June 25, 1997 – French oceanographer and explorer Jacques Cousteau died of a heart attack at the age of 87 in Paris, France and was buried in the family vault of Saint-Andre-de-Cubzac in France. He invented the Aqua-Lung diving apparatus and was known around the world as an ecologist and filmmaker.

June 25, 1997 - An unmanned Progress cargo spacecraft crashed into Russia's Mir space station, knocking out power and rupturing a laboratory.

June 25, 2002 - Monroe County Commissioners Alex Roberts and Carlisle McClure of Monroeville earned the Democratic party’s nominations on this Tuesday in a runoff election.

June 25, 2003 – Comic book superstar and avid baseball fan Todd McFarlane bought Barry Bonds 73rd home run ball at auction for $517,500.

June 25, 2004 – Conecuh County Sheriff’s deputies seized 23 kilograms of cocaine (about 50 pounds) during a traffic stop on Interstate Highway 65. The drugs had a street value of about $2 million.

June 25, 2004 – Conecuh County’s Relay For Life raised over $78,522.25 for the American Cancer Society.

June 25, 2007 - Evergreen’s 9- and 10-year-old all-stars exited the Little League Baseball District 5 tournament on this Monday in Brewton with a 16-6 loss to Andalusia. Evergreen opened the District 5, double-elimination tournament June 23 with a 9-4 win over Flomaton. In second-round action the all-stars suffered a 12-6 loss to East Brewton June 24.

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