June 1, 1637 – French missionary and explorer Jacques Marquette was born in Laon, Kingdom of France.
June 1, 1774 - The British government ordered the Port of Boston closed, and the Boston Port Act demanded payment for the tea destroyed in the Boston Tea Party event before the port could reopen for any imports but food.
June 1, 1776 - Patriots attempted to knock the light out of the Sandy Hook lighthouse. They did not succede. The lighthouse is the oldest in the United States.
June 1, 1779 – Benedict Arnold, a general in the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War, was court-martialed in Philadelphia, Pa. for malfeasance. He was charged with 13 counts of misbehavior and illegally buying and selling goods.
June 1, 1792 - Kentucky became the 15th state of the U.S.
June 1, 1796 - Tennessee became the 16th state of the U.S.
June 1, 1800 - Alabama author Caroline Lee Hentz was born in Lancaster, Mass.
June 1, 1825 – During his tour of the United States, the Marquis de Lafayette arrived in Butler, Pa., where he stayed overnight.
June 1, 1825 – Future Confederate general and cavalry officer John Hunt Morgan was born in Huntsville, Ala.
June 1, 1831 – British explorer James Clark Ross became the first European at the Magnetic North Pole. However, this location gradually moves over time, and it's currently drifting away from North America towards Siberia.
June 1, 1843 - It snowed in Buffalo, Rochester and Cleveland.
June 1, 1855 – The American adventurer William Walker conquered Nicaragua.
June 1, 1861 – Thomas W. Simpson, an early Conecuh County, Ala. settler and Freemason, died at his home near Belleville.
June 1, 1861 – During the Civil War, at the Battle of Fairfax Court House, the first land battle of the American Civil War after the Battle of Fort Sumter occurred, producing the first Confederate combat casualty.
June 1, 1862 – During the Civil War’s Peninsula Campaign, the Battle of Seven Pines (or the Battle of Fair Oaks) ended inconclusively, with both sides claiming victory. Gen. Robert E. Lee replaced Joseph Johnston as commander of the Army of Northern Virginia after Johnston was severely wounded at the Battle of Fair Oaks.
June 1, 1864 - The Battle of Cold Harbor began when Confederate troops attacked Union troops a few miles from Richmond, Va.
June 1, 1864 - Cavalry troops under General Samual D. Sturgis left Memphis in search of Confederate commander Nathan Bedford Forrest.
June 1, 1868 - The fifteenth president of the United States, James Buchanan, died at the age of 77 in Lancaster, Pa.
June 1, 1871 – Eighteen-year-old hired trail boss John Wesley Hardin, one of the deadliest men in the history of the Old West, who lived in Pollard, Ala. for several years, arrived with his cattle herd in Abilene, Kansas, where he briefly became friends with Town Marshal Wild Bill Hickok. During his stay in Abilene, Hardin rented a room at the American House Hotel and shot a stranger in the next room to death for snoring too loudly.
June 1, 1878 – Poet John Masefield was born in Ledbury, England. Masefield was chosen as the U.K.’s poet laureate in 1930 and kept the post for 37 years.
June 1, 1889 – Editor, translator, journalist and linguist Charles Kay Ogden was born in Fleetwood, Lancashire, England.
June 1, 1895 – The Monroe County Board of Confederate Pension Examiners was scheduled to meet at the Monroe County Courthouse. Members of the board included Capt. Thomas A. Nettles, John I. Watson and Thos. A. Rumbly.
June 1, 1909 – The 16th Annual commencement exercises of the Southwest Alabama Agricultural School in Evergreen took place. The graduates included Virginia Witherington, Maude S. Lowery, Sadie Moorer, Mary E. Stallworth, Mae Binion, Lois Mixon, Chas. R. Wiggins, Andrew T. Riley and Paul P. Salter. Speeches were delivered by Gov. B.B. Comer and State Treasurer W.D. Seed of Tuscaloosa. School President H.T. Lile delivered the diplomas.
June 1, 1910 – The engine house of the Monroeville, Ala. waterworks was destroyed by fire, putting the plant out of commission and causing a serious water shortage. The plant was restarted within 20 to 30 hours.
June 1, 1910 – Robert Falcon Scott's second South Pole expedition left Cardiff.
June 1, 1915 – The third day of Monroe County High School’s four-day fourth-annual commencement exercises continued on this Tuesday with a baseball game between MCHS and Finchburg at 3:30 p.m. A declamation contest was held at 8 p.m.
June 1, 1915 – Graduation exercises were scheduled to be held at Conecuh County High School in Castleberry, Ala. J.B. Hobdy with the Department of Educaiton in Montgomery was to give the graduation address and present diplomas to graduates.
June 1-3, 1915 – The 25th Annual Renuion of United Confederate Veterans was held in Richmond, Va. A special round-trip train ticket from Evergreen, Ala. to the reunion and back cost $16.35.
June 1, 1923 - The New York Giants beat the Philadelphia Phillies, 22-8. The Giants scored in every inning of the game.
June 1, 1925 – Baseball Hall of Famer Lou Gehrig began his legendary consecutive games played streak when Yankees manager Miller Huggins sent Gehrig in to pinch hit for Paul “Pee-Wee” Wanninger against the Senators, and for the next 14 seasons – despite a fractured rib, broken toe, sore back and numerous other ailments – Gehrig played in every game. In all, the played in 2,130 consecutive games, and his streak ended on May 2, 1939.
June 1, 1937 - Author Olivia Solomon was born in Tallassee, Ala.
June 1, 1937 – Writer and neuroscientist Collen McCullough was born in Wellington, Australia.
June 1, 1938 - Baseball helmets were worn for the first time.
June 1, 1941 - Mel Ott hit the 400th home run of his career. He also drove in his 1,500th career run.
June 1, 1950 - Author Michael McDowell was born in Enterprise, Ala.
June 1, 1956 - The NAACP was barred from operating in Alabama. Montgomery County Circuit Judge Walter B. Jones issued the order at the request of Attorney General John Patterson, who argued that the NAACP was not properly registered in the state. Jones also fined the organization $100,000 and ordered it to turn over its records and membership lists to the state. The ban lasted until October 1964.
June 1, 1961 – Birmingham, Ala. native Lee May signed an amateur free agent contract with the Cincinnati Reds with a $12,000 bonus.
June 1, 1961 - Radio listeners in New York, California and Illinois were introduced to FM multiplex stereo broadcasting. A year later, the FCC made this a standard.
June 1, 1963 - Governor George Wallace vowed to defy an injunction that ordered the integration of the University of Alabama.
June 1, 1967 – “Sgt. Pepper’s Lonely Hearts Club Band” by the Beatles was released for the first time.
June 1, 1968 – Wolff Motor Co. in Evergreen, Ala. first opened when owner Pete Wolff purchased his first vehicle for sale.
June 1, 1968 – Helen Adams Keller passed away at the age of 87 in Easton, Conn.
June 1, 1972 - At Abbey Road Studios in London, Pink Floyd began recording their album "Dark Side of the Moon."
June 1, 1973 – On a short run from Fort Lauderdale to Freeport in the Bermuda Triangle, pilot Reno Rigoni and copilot Bob Corner disappeared in a Cessna 180.
June 1, 1974 – Henry Jay Heimlich published his “Heimlich maneuver” in the “Journal of Emergency Medicine.”
June 1, 1975 - Nolan Ryan pitched his fourth career no-hitter in his 100th career victory.
June 1, 1980 – The Cable News Network (CNN) made its debut as the first all-news station.
June 1, 1980 - Steve Garvey hit the 7,000th home run for the Dodgers.
June 1, 1980 – National Baseball Hall of Fame pitcher Rube Marquard passed away at the age of 93 in Baltimore, Md. During his career, he played for the New York Giants, the Brooklyn Robins, the Cincinnati Reds and the Boston Braves. He was inducted into the Hall of Fame in 1971.
June 1, 1992 – Monroe Academy grad B.J. Wallace drafted in the first round of the 1992 Major League Baseball Draft by the Montreal Expos.
June 1, 1996 - Alabama author Jesse Hill Ford died in Nashville, Tenn.
June 1, 2000 - Dr. Woodrow Eddins, longtime Monroeville physician, passed away.
June 1, 2003 – The Kathryn Tucker Windham Museum on the campus of Alabama Southern Community College in Thomasville, Ala. was dedicated on June 1, 2003, Windham's 85th birthday.