June 8, 632 – Muhammad, Islamic prophet, died in Medina and was succeeded by Abu Bakr who became the first caliph of the Rashidun Caliphate.
June 8, 1692 – In connection with the Salem witchcraft trials, Bridget Bishop was the first to be tried and convicted of witchcraft. She is sentenced to death. Also on that day, 18-year-old Elizabeth Booth was accused of witchcraft.
June 8, 1776 – During the American Revolutionary War, at the Battle of Trois-Rivières, American attackers were driven back at Trois-Rivières, Quebec. Canadian Governor Sir Guy Carleton defeated American Patriot forces under John Sullivan, and the Patriots retreated toward Montreal.
June 8, 1787 – Hinchey W. Warren was born in Burke County, Ga., and he moved to Conecuh County, Ala. around 1818, settling near his fathter about a mile east of Sparta. He was the great-grandfather of 29th U.S. President, Warren G. Harding.
June 8, 1789 – James Madison introduced 12 proposed amendments to the United States Constitution in the House of Representatives. By 1791, 10 of them were ratified by the state legislatures and became the Bill of Rights. Another was eventually ratified in 1992 to become the 27th Amendment.
June 8, 1818 – Newton, Ala. Methodist minister William “Bill” Sketoe Sr. was born in Madrid, Spain. His lynching in Newton on Dec. 3, 1864 gave birth to one of Alabama's best-known ghost stories. (13 Alabama Ghosts)
June 8, 1845 - Andrew Jackson, the seventh President of the United States, passed away at the age of 78 from chronic tuberculosis, dropsy and heart failure in Nashville, Tenn.
June 8, 1848 – The world’s first professor of agricultural physics, Franklin Hiram King, was born on a farm near Whitewater, Wisconsin.
June 8, 1861 - In Tennessee, voters approved a referendum to secede from the Union and joined the Confederacy.
June 8, 1862 – During the Civil War, at the Battle of Cross Keys, Confederate forces under General Thomas J. “Stonewall” Jackson saved the Army of Northern Virginia from a Union assault on the James Peninsula led by General George B. McClellan. This battle was part of the Shenandoah Valley campaign and was a prelude to the larger Battle of Port Republic on June 9.
June 8, 1863 - Confederate Nathan Bedford Forrest learned that Union General Samual D. Sturgis was moving toward Tupelo, Miss. In response, Forrest selected Brice's Crossroads for an attack on the Union cavalry. The plan worked and Forrest was able to capture 1,600 troops, 16 cannons and 176 supply wagons.
June 8, 1867 – Architect Frank Lloyd Wright was born in Richland Center, Wisc.
June 8, 1867 – Mark Twain boarded the side-wheel steamer “The Quaker City” and set off on a five-month trip to Europe and the Mediterranean. He published his experiences from the trip in a book called “Innocents Abroad, or The New Pilgrims’ Progress,” the most popular travel book of his time.
June 8, 1902 – B.P. Pearson, a “crazy man” from Mississippi City, “terrorized” the people of Repton his this Friday morning. Around 8 a.m., he came out of a Repton hotel in a “demented condition” with two revolvers and a Winchester rifle and “seemed to want to shoot any who was in sight.” He shot, but missed, Jack Campbell and after about two hours, A.E. Peterman and marshall J.E. Robinson persuaded Pearson to lay down his guns.
June 8, 1906 – Theodore Roosevelt signed the Antiquities Act into law, authorizing the President to restrict the use of certain parcels of public land with historical or conservation value.
June 8, 1915 - U.S. Secretary of State William Jennings Bryan resigned in a disagreement over U.S. handling of the sinking of the Lusitania.
June 8, 1916 – Biophysicist Francis Crick was born in Northampton, England.
June 8, 1937 - The world's largest and smelliest flower, the 8 1/2 foot tall 'corpse flower' (Titan arum) bloomed at the Botanic Garden in New York. The flower's putrid odor is meant to attract pollinators such as carrion beetles and flesh flies found on the plant's native island, Sumatra.
June 8, 1947 – A baseball game between the Evergreen Greenies and Frisco City was postponed due to rain.
June 8, 1947 – Mrs. Harry Monroe was hit in the eye by a foul ball during a baseball game in Brooklyn, Ala. She was rushed to Hill Crest Infirmary in Andalusia, where she received 16 stitches under her eye, and was later carried to Jackson Hospital in Montgomery. The June 12 edition of The Courant reported that she was improving from her injuries.
June 8, 1947 – Crime novelist Sara Paretsky was born in Ames, Iowa.
June 8, 1949 – The celebrities Helen Keller, Dorothy Parker, Danny Kaye, Fredric March, John Garfield, Paul Muni and Edward G. Robinson are named in an FBI report as Communist Party members.
June 8, 1949 – George Orwell's prescient classic “1984” was published.
June 8, 1961 - The Milwaukee Braves set a major league baseball record when they hit four consecutive home runs in the seventh inning.
June 8, 1968 - James Earl Ray was captured at the London Airport. He was suspected of assassinating Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.
June 8, 1969 - The New York Yankees retired Mickey Mantle's No. 7 jersey.
June 8, 1969 - It was announced that the NFL and AFL had merged and there would be a single schedule for both the NFL and AFL.
June 8, 1982 – National Baseball Hall of Fame pitcher Satchel Page passed away at the age of 75 in Kansas City, Mo. A native of Mobile, Ala., he played for the Cleveland Indians, the St. Louis Browns and the Kansas City Athletics as well as a long list of Negro League teams. He was inducted into the Hall of Fame in 1971.
June 8, 1984 - "Ghostbusters" was first released in theaters across the U.S.
June 8, 2004 - Nate Olive and Sarah Jones began the first known continuous hike of the 1,800-mile trail down the U.S. Pacific Coast. They completed the trek at the U.S.-Mexico border on September 28.
June 8, 2005 - Alex Rodriguez became the youngest player to reach 400 career home runs in a 12-3 win over the Milwaukee Brewers.