|Confederate General Stand Watie|
June 23, 1611 – The mutinous crew of Henry Hudson's fourth voyage set Henry, his son and seven loyal crew members adrift in an open boat in what is now Hudson Bay. They are never heard from again.
June 23, 1776 - Off the coast of Charleston, South Carolina, British Commodore Sir Peter Parker notified General Sir Henry Clinton of his intention to land on the South Carolina mainland the next day.
June 23, 1780 – During the American Revolution, the Battle of Springfield was fought in and around Springfield, New Jersey (including Short Hills, formerly of Springfield, now of Millburn Township).
June 23, 1812 – During the War of 1812, Great Britain revoked the restrictions on American commerce, thus eliminating one of the chief reasons for going to war.
June 23, 1860 - The U.S. Secret Service was created to arrest counterfeiters.
June 23, 1862 - Confederate General Robert E. Lee met with his corps commanders to plan an attack on General George McClellan's Army of the Potomac.
June 23, 1862 - U.S. President Abraham Lincoln took a train from Washington to West Point, New York. The next day he called on Winfield Scott to discuss Union strategy in Virginia.
June 23, 1863 - Union General William Rosecrans marched his troops out of their camp in Murfreesboro, Tenn.
June 23, 1865 – During the Civil War, at Fort Towson in the Oklahoma Territory, Confederate Brigadier General Stand Watie, who was also a Cherokee chief, surrendered the last sizable and significant rebel army following the Battle of Doaksville. Watie was the last Confederate general in the field to surrender.
June 23, 1866 – The first issue of The Monroe Journal newspaper was published in Claiborne, Ala. Z.D. Cottrell was the newspaper’s editor.
June 23, 1868 – The typewriter was patented on this day by Christopher Latham Sholes of Milwaukee, Wisc.
June 23, 1912 - Author Douglas Fields Bailey was born in Dothan, Ala.
June 23, 1915 – The Evergreen Courant reported that the following slate of new officers had been elected at Greening Masonic Lodge, No. 53, in Evergreen, Ala.: J.T. Amos, Worshipful Master; T.B. McDonald, Senior Warden; Byron Tisdale, Junior Warden; H.H. Floyd, Treasurer; J.A. Smith, Secretary; J.W. Hagood, Senior Deacon; L.J. Mixon, Junior Deacon; F.N. Hawkins, Tyler; H.L. Tucker and S.L. Tisdale, Stewards; G.E. Mize, Chaplain; E.C. Barnes, Marshal.
June 23, 1915 – The Evergreen Courant reported that the following slate of new officers had been elected at Sepulga Masonic Lodge No. 233: Jese A. Jones, Worshipful Master; S.S. Kendrick, Senior Warden; W.T. McCrory, Junior Warden; J.E. Dean, Treasurer; T.A. Jones, Secretary; J.T. Salter, Senior Deacon; E.O. Mixon, Junior Deacon; C.C. Lane and C.A. Sims, Stewards; C.G. Middleton, Tyler; F.M. Fletcher, Chaplain.
June 23, 1915 – “One of the foulest and most horrible crimes ever committed” in Conecuh County, Ala. occurred on this Wednesday night when John Salter and Robert Watkins murdered Martha Lassiter and tried to rob and murder Wiley House. They also burned House’s home to hide their crime, which they confessed to on June 26.
June 23, 1917 – In a game against the Washington Senators, Boston Red Sox pitcher Ernie Shore retired 26 batters in a row after replacing Babe Ruth, who had been ejected for punching the umpire.
June 23, 1924 - Author C. Eric Lincoln was born in Athens, Ala.
June 23, 1928 – Novelist Michael Shaara was born in Jersey City, N.J. He received the Pulitzer Prize for fiction in 1975 for his Civil War novel, “The Killer Angels.”
June 23, 1929 - Author Babs H. Deal was born in Scottsboro, Ala.
June 23, 1940 – During World War II, German leader Adolf Hitler surveyed newly defeated Paris in now occupied France.
June 23, 1941 – The Lithuanian Activist Front declared independence from the Soviet Union and formed the Provisional Government of Lithuania. It lasted only briefly as the Nazis will occupy Lithuania a few weeks later.
June 23, 1951 - Alabama author Peter Huggins was born in Oxford, Miss.
June 23, 1951 - A 200-mile stretch of Kansas was hit by one of the most expensive hailstorms in U.S. history, with over $15 million in crops and property damage.
June 23, 1953 - Author Roy Hoffman was born in Mobile, Ala.
June 23, 1961 – During the Cold War, the Antarctic Treaty, which set aside Antarctica as a scientific preserve and banned military activity on the continent, came into force after the opening date for signature set for the Dec. 1, 1959.
June 23, 1972 – As related to the Watergate Scandal, U.S. President Richard M. Nixon and White House Chief of Staff H. R. Haldeman were taped talking about using the Central Intelligence Agency to obstruct the Federal Bureau of Investigation's investigation into the Watergate break-ins.
June 23, 1989 - Tim Burton’s noir spin on the well-known story of the DC Comics hero “Batman” was released in theaters.
June 23, 2009 – American physician and explorer Jerri Nielsen passed away at the age of 57 in Southwick, Mass. She is best known for self-administering a biopsy, and later chemotherapy, after discovering a breast tumor while in Antarctica until she could be evacuated
June 23, 2013 – Nik Wallenda became the first man to successfully walk across the Grand Canyon on a tight rope.