|Baron Eduard Toll.|
June 20, 1597 – Dutch cartographer and explorer Willem Barentsz, who was around 46 years old, died at sea in the Arctic region. He went on three expeditions to the far north in search for a Northeast passage. During his third expedition, the crew was stranded on Nova Zembla for almost a year, and he died on the return voyage.
June 20, 1776 - Archibald Bulloch was elected the first president and commander in chief of Georgia's temporary government.
June 20, 1782 – The U.S. Congress adopted the Great Seal of the United States.
June 20, 1783 - The Battle of Cuddalore took place between the British and French navies. It was after peace had been signed in Europe but prior to the news reaching India.
June 20, 1787 – Oliver Ellsworth moved at the Federal Convention to call the government the “United States.”
June 20, 1837 - Queen Victoria ascended the British throne following the death of her uncle, King William IV.
June 20, 1858 – Writer Charles Waddell Chesnutt was born in Cleveland, Ohio. His most famous book, “The Conjure Woman,” was published in 1891.
June 20, 1863 – During the Civil War, West Virginia became the 35th state to join the Union.
June 20, 1893 - A jury in New Bedford, Mass. found Lizzie Borden innocent of the ax murders of her father and stepmother.
June 20, 1899 - A fire in Fort Pickens' Bastion D reached the bastion's magazine, which contained 8,000 pounds of powder. The resulting explosion killed one soldier and obliterated Bastion D. The force of the explosion was so great that bricks from Bastion D's walls landed across the bay at Fort Barrancas, more than 1-1/2 miles away.
June 20, 1900 – Baron Eduard Toll, leader of the Russian Polar Expedition of 1900, departed Saint Petersburg in Russia on the explorer ship Zarya, never to return.
June 20, 1905 - Alabama author Lillian Hellman was born in New Orleans, La.
June 20, 1912 - The New York Giants and the Boston Braves combined for 17 runs in the ninth inning. The Giants scored seven to the Braves' 10 runs. The Giants won the game, 21-12.
June 20, 1915 – The weather bureau thermometer in Evergreen, Ala. on this Sunday reached 100 degrees during a heat wave that hit Conecuh County.
June 20, 1918 - Author Marie Downs Chitwood was born in Boaz, Ala.
June 20, 1930 - Author Philip James McFarland was born in Birmingham, Ala.
June 20, 1936 - Alabama author James Agee and photographer Walker Evans departed New York for Alabama to gather the material that will be used in their book “Let Us Now Praise Famous Men.”
June 20, 1936 – Oakville, Ala. native Jesse Owens set a 100-meter record at 10.2 seconds.
June 20, 1937 – Evergreen’s baseball team lost to Century, 9-5, at Gantt Field in Evergreen, Ala. on this Sunday. Jim Lane, Al Hansen and Doc Jones all pitched for Evergreen. Lane hit a home run in the eighth inning, and Hansen hit one in the second. Century’s Lefty Adams was the winning pitcher and also led his team with a three-for-five showing at the plate.
June 20, 1941 - The U.S. Army Air Forces was established, replacing the Army Air Corps. The Army Air Forces were abolished with the creation of the United States Air Force in 1947.
June 20, 1945 – The United States Secretary of State approved the transfer of Wernher von Braun and his team of Nazi rocket scientists to America.
June 20, 1946 – The Evergreen Greenies baseball team was scheduled to play Niceville in Evergreen, Ala. at 3 p.m. on this Thursday afternoon.
June 20, 1946 – Evergreen’s golf team was scheduled to play Monroeville’s golf team at the Evergreen Golf Club on this day around 1:30 p.m. Monroeville’s team included 16 golfers led by Lucian Jones and Hotch, while Evergreen’s team was led by Deming Jones and McGehee.
June 20, 1946 – The Evergreen Courant reported that 97-year-old John Cunningham, Evergreen’s oldest citizen, had been notified by the Montgomery Fair that he had won a $50 prize as the oldest father in a contest sponsored by the store for Fathers Day.
June 20, 1950 – National Baseball Hall of Fame center fielder Willie Mays graduated from Fairfield Industrical High School in Jefferson County, Ala. and immediately signed with the New York Giants. He would make his Major League debut on May 25, 1951 for the New York Giants. He was inducted into the Hall of Fame in 1979.
June 20, 1951 – Poet Paul Muldoon was born in Portadown, Northern Ireland.
June 20, 1964 – The Union Bank of Repton was robbed of $16,386. About two months later, FBI agents arrested two men from Brewton, Lawrence Earl Vonderau, 20, and Junior Wesley Bernard, 39, in connection with the robbery.
June 20, 1967 – During a meeting on this Tuesday night, the Evergreen City Council named City Clerk Miller Sellers as purchasing agent for the city. Sellers was named purchasing agent to comply with Alabama’s new bid law, which was to go into effect on July 1, 1967. The law required all governmental agencies (state, county and municipal) to seek bids on all purchases of $500 or more.
June 20, 1972 – In connection with the Watergate scandal, an 18½-minute gap appeared in the tape recording of the conversations between U.S. President Richard Nixon and his advisers regarding the recent arrests of his operatives while breaking into the Watergate complex.
June 20, 1976 – The B&S Arena on Stacey’s Farm, 18 miles north of Evergreen, off State Highway 83, was scheduled to host its first ever rodeo on this Sunday afternoon, beginning at 2:30 p.m. The event was to include Bronco riding, bull riding, barrel racing and calf roping.
June 20, 1978 – Temperatures reached 100 degrees in Evergreen, Ala., according to weather reporter Earl Windham.
June 20, 1982 - Pete Rose played in his 3,000th major league game. It was also his 523rd consecutive game.
June 20, 1989 - The "Batman: Motion Picture Soundtrack" was released by Prince.
June 20, 1994 - The Detroit Tigers' streak of 25 straight games with at least one home run ended. The lost the game, 7-1, to Cleveland.
June 20, 1997 – Weather reporter Harry Ellis reported 1.80 inches of rain Evergreen, Ala.
June 20, 1998 - Sammy Sosa of the Chicago Cubs hit two home runs for the second straight game. The feat set a major league baseball record of 16 home runs in June.
June 20, 1999 - Lawrence Phillips became the first NFL Europe player to rush for more that 1,000 yards in a season.
June 20, 2001 - Barry Bonds of the San Francisco Giants hit his 38th home run of the season. The home run broke the major league baseball record for homers before the midseason All-Star break.
June 20, 2002 - Luis Castillo of the Florida Marlins set a major league record for second basemen when he got a hit in his 34th straight game.
June 20, 2003 - Jose Canseco was arrested after testing positive for steroids, a violation of his probation that stemmed from a nightclub brawl.
June 20, 2004 - Ken Griffey Jr. of the Cincinnati Reds got his 500th career home run.
June 20, 2007 - Sammy Sosa of the Texas Rangers got his 600th career home run. The hit came against, the Chicago Cubs, his former team.
June 20, 2013 – The Shack (Old Scout Hut) in Andalusia was added to the Alabama Register of Landmarks and Heritage.