Sunday, June 14, 2015

Today in History for June 14, 2015

Robert H. Milroy
June 14, 1775 – During the American Revolutionary War, the Continental Army was established by the Continental Congress, marking the birth of the United States Army. The Army was founded for purposes of common defense. On June 15, George Washington was appointed commander-in-chief.

June 14, 1775 - Dr. Joseph Warren was appointed a Major General by the Provincial Congress. He was killed a three days later at the Battle of Bunker Hill.

June 14, 1777 – The Stars and Stripes was adopted by Congress as the Flag of the United States. The Flag Resolution stated "Resolved: that the flag of the United States be made of thirteen stripes, alternate red and white; that the union be thirteen stars, white in a blue field, representing a new Constellation." On May 20, 1916, President Woodrow Wilson officially proclaimed June 14 "Flag Day" as a commemoration of the "Stars and Stripes."

June 14, 1801 - Benedict Arnold died at the age of 60 in London. He was buried in his Continental Army uniform at St. Mary's Church, Middlesex, London.

June 14, 1811 - Harriet Beecher Stowe was born in Litchfield, Connecticut. She is best known for her 1852 novel, “Uncle Tom’s Cabin.”

June 14, 1820 – Writer and publisher John Bartlett was born in Plymouth, Mass. He is best known for his book, “Bartlett’s Familiar Quotations.”

June 14, 1862 – During the Civil War, a two-day Federal operation between Pensacola and Milton, Fla. began.

June 14, 1863 – During the Civil War, at the Second Battle of Winchester, a Union garrison was defeated by the Army of Northern Virginia in the Shenandoah Valley town of Winchester, Va. Richard Ewell's Confederate troops captured 4,000 Federals, 300 wagons, hundreds of horses and 23 artillery pieces. Robert Milroy and 2,700 soldiers escaped to safety.

June 14, 1863 – During the Civil War, a second assault took place on the Confederate works during the Siege of Port Hudson.

June 14, 1864 – During the Civil War, skirmishing began around Petersburg, Va. The battle was the last great battle of the war in Virginia as the two armies settle into trenches.

June 14, 1864 – During the Civil War, the USS Kearsarge arrived off Cherbourg, France, to blockade CSS Alabama.

June 14, 1877 - The first Flag Day observance was held on the 100th anniversary of the adoption of the American flag. In 1949, Congress officially designated June 14 as a national day of observance to be known as Flag Day.

June 14, 1890 – Margaret E. Austill, a former resident of the Singleton community in Clarke County, Ala., passed away in Mobile at the age of 86. She was the widow of the late Jerry Austill of Clarke County, one of the heroes of the celebrated Canoe Fight on the Alabama during the Creek Indian War.

June 14, 1900 – Hawaii became a United States territory.

June 14, 1904 - Author George Wylie Henderson was born in Warriorstand, Ala.

June 14, 1914 – On a Sunday afternoon, Reese Carlisle, age seven, fell a distance of about eight feet from a tree at the orphanage at Evergreen, Ala., broke his neck and died before those standing nearby could reach him. His funeral took place the next morning, with six older boys serving as pallbearers, and the rest of the orphans followed them to the cemetery.

June 14, 1915 – The Conecuh County Sheriff’s Department busted an illegal distillery near Brooklyn, Ala. on this Monday. The alleged operators, bothers Wiley Baker and Joe Baker, were arrested and taken to jail.

June 14, 1922 - President Warren G. Harding, while addressing a crowd at the dedication of a memorial site at Fort McHenry for the composer of the "Star Spangled Banner," Francis Scott Key, becomes the first president to have his voice transmitted by radio. The broadcast heralded a revolutionary shift in how presidents addressed the American public. Harding was the great-grandson of Conecuh County’s Henchie Warren, who is said to have hidden a chest of gold in Shipps Pond.

June 14, 1923 – Louise Short Widows and Orphans Home moved to Troy.

June 14, 1924 - Author Oxford Stroud was born in Demopolis, Ala.

June 14, 1932 – Baseball teams from Evergreen and McKenzie were scheduled to play in Evergreen, Ala. Hyde was slated to pitch for Evergreen, and Red Hall was set to pitch for McKenzie. Evergreen entered the game 2-2 overall. They opened the season with a 2-1 over McKenzie; dropped a 4-3 game in Greenville; won a 5-2 game in Evergreen against Greenville; and lost to McKenzie in Evergreen.

June 14, 1941 - Author John Armistead was born in Mobile, Ala.

June 14, 1946 – Prominent pioneer citizen of Conecuh County, Jeptha Perryman Tomlinson, passed away at the age of 85 at his plantation home a few miles north of Evergreen, Ala. on this Friday around 1 p.m.

June 14, 1951 - The U.S. Census Bureau unveiled the first commercially produced electronic digital computer, UNIVAC I. UNIVAC I (which stands for Universal Automatic Computer) weighed 16,000 pounds and took up 350 square feet of floor space — about the size of a one-car garage. UNIVAC was designed for the rapid and relatively simple arithmetic calculation of numbers needed by businesses, rather than complex scientific calculations.

June 14, 1962 – The Evergreen Courant reported that the Evergreen Senior League Tigers beat the Indians, 11-5. Bubba Faulkner and Mike Fields pitched for the Tigers, and Bob Ivey and Paul Deason pitched for the Indians. Joe Sasser, Calvin Smith and Mitch Kilpatrick recorded two hits each for the Tigers.

June 14, 1962 – The Evergreen Courant reported that the Evergreen Senior League Braves beat the Tigers, 7-6. Sammy Brown hit a three-run, inside-the-park home run for the Braves, and Grady Hobbs and Ronnie Jackson pitched for the Braves. Mike Fields pitched for the Tigers, and Sid Lambert hit a two-run, inside-the-park home run for the Tigers.

June 14, 1962 – The Evergreen Courant reported that Mrs. Mamie A. Ellis of Evergreen, Ala. had ended her long retirement at the close of the previous school year. She’d taught in Conecuh County schools for 23 years and had also taught for several years at the old Baptist Orphanage in Evergreen. She began teaching in 1915 at Flat Rock, Effie and Ivey schools, taught for 20 years at Repton Elementary and a year at Brooklyn.

June 14, 1963 - Duke Snider of the New York Mets hit his 400th career home run.

June 14, 1964 - The St. Louis Cardinals traded Ernest Broglio for Chicago Cub Lou Brock.

June 14, 1969 - Reggie Jackson hit two home runs and drove in 10 runs in a 21-17 victory over the Boston Red Sox.

June 14, 1978 – “The American Dance Machine,” a production making use of historical material arranged by Alabama author Albert Murray, opened on Broadway.

June 14, 1996 - Cal Ripken Jr. broke Sachio Kinugas's record of 2,216 consecutive games played.

June 14, 1996 - Jeff Bagwell of the Houston Astros tied a Major League Baseball record when he hit four doubles. The Astros defeated the San Francisco Giants, 9-1.

June 14, 1996 - John Smoltz of the Atlanta Braves tied a franchise record with his 13th consecutive win.

June 14, 1996 - Ellis Burks hit the first inside-the-park home run in Coors Field.

June 14-17, 2000 – Monroe County Heritage Museum performed “To Kill a Mockingbird” at the Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts in Washington, D.C.

June 14, 2002 - Sammy Sosa of the Chicago Cubs hit his 25th home run of the season. The home run tied him with Stan Musial and Willie Stargell for 19th on the all-time list at 475 homers.

June 14, 2003 - The Frankfurt Galaxy became the first team in the NFL Europe League to win three World Bowls.

June 14, 2003 - Alabama author John Weld died in Laguna Beach, Calif.

June 14, 2004 - Jim Thome of the Philadelphia Phillies became the 37th player in major league history to reach 400 career home runs.

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