|Stephen A. Douglas|
June 3, 1539 - Hernando de Soto claimed Florida for Spain.
June 3, 1780 - Former royal governor of Massachusetts, Thomas Hutchinson, died in Brompton, England. He had served from 1771 to 1774.
June 3, 1781 – Jack Jouett began his midnight ride to warn Thomas Jefferson and the Virginia legislature of an impending raid by Banastre Tarleton.
June 3, 1784 - The U.S. Congress formally created the United States Army to replace the disbanded Continental Army. On June 14, 1775, the Second Continental Congress had created the Continental Army for purposes of common defense and this event is considered to be the birth of the United States Army.
June 3, 1800 - John Adams moved to Washington, D.C., becoming the first President to live in what later became the capital of the United States.
June 3, 1807 – Confederate President Jefferson Davis was born in Fairview, Ky. (Some sources say he was born in 1808.)
June 3, 1851 - The New York Knickerbockers became the first baseball team to wear uniforms. They wore straw hats, white shirts and blue trousers.
June 3, 1861 - Senator Stephen A. Douglas passed away at the age of 48 from typhoid fever in Chicago, Ill.
June 3, 1861 – During the Civil War, at the Battle of Philippi (also called the Philippi Races), Union forces routed Confederate troops in Barbour County, Virginia, now West Virginia, in the first land battle of the War.
June 3, 1862 – A 3000-strong riot occurred at Wardsend Cemetery in Sheffield, England, against rumours of bodysnatching from the grounds.
June 3, 1863 - Confederate General Robert E. Lee launched his second invasion of the North when he let 75,000 troops into Pennsylvania.
June 3, 1864 – During the Civil War, at the Battle of Cold Harbor, Union forces attacked Confederate troops in Hanover County, Virginia. Ephraim Powell of the Conecuh Guards was killed in this battle. Roderick Foss and John W. Wilson, who were also members of the Conecuh Guards, were wounded in this battle. Foss returned to Alabama after the war, and Wilson returned to Conecuh County after the war. A mistake by General Ulysses S. Grant in this battle resulted in 7,000 Union casualties in 20 minutes during an offensive against Rebels. Grant waited to attack until the bulk of the Army of the Potomac had arrived.
June 3, 1871 - Jesse James, then 24, and his gang robbed the Obocock bank in Corydon, Iowa and stole $15,000.
June 3, 1888 - "Casey at the Bat" the poem by Ernest Lawrence Thayer, was first published in The San Francisco Examiner.
June 3, 1898 - Richmond Pearson Hobson of Greensboro, Ala. became a naval hero when he sank his own ship, the Merrimac, during the Spanish-American War. Hobson, aided by a crew of seven, sank the collier in an attempt to block the Spanish fleet in Cuba's Santiago harbor, an event he later describe in his book “The Sinking of the Merrimac.” For this act of bravery, Hobson was awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor in 1933.
June 3, 1900 – English explorer and author Mary Kinglsey died (likely from typhoid) at the age of 37 at Simon’s Town, South Africa and was buried at sea. Her travels throughout West Africa and resulting work helped shape European perceptions of African cultures and British imperialism.
June 3, 1909 – Alabama Gov. B.B. Comer and State Treasurer Walter Dudley Seed delivered speeches during the commencement exercises at the State Agricultural School in Evergreen, Ala.
June 3, 1910 – J.J. “Jack” Finklea ended his second term as Buena Vista, Alabama’s postmaster, turning the job over to his son, Ollie Finklea. Jack Finklea served two terms as Buena Vista’s postmaster, from 1868 to 1875 and from 1905 to 1910.
June 3, 1913 - Jones Mill, Ala. was renamed Roy in the town’s bid to attract the Gulf, Florida & Alabama depot.
June 3, 1924 – Czech author Franz Kafka died at the age of 40 from laryngeal tuberculosis in Klosterneuburg, Lower Austria, Austria.
June 3, 1926 – Poet Allen Ginsberg was born in Newark, N.J.
June 3, 1932 - Lou Gehrig became the first player to homer four times in a single game, a Major League record.
June 3, 1935 – In Lovecraftian fiction, the Peaslee Australian Expedition discovers the first signs of ancient ruins in the Great Sandy Desert.
June 3, 1936 – Novelist Larry McMurtry was born in Archer City, Texas. His 1985 novel “Lonesome Dove” won the Pulitzer Prize.
June 3, 1937 - The Sporting News reported that catcher Josh Gibson of the Negro League’s Homestead Grays hit a ball two feet from the top of the façade of Yankee Stadium, 580 feet from home plate.
June 3, 1938 – Thomas Alvin “Tommy” Morrow, who played three seasons at defensive back for the Oakland Raiders, was born in Georgiana, Ala. He played at Georgiana High School and Southern Miss and holds the record for the most consecutive games with an interception, with eight.
June 3, 1944 – Former Evergreen, Ala. resident Pvt. Willie Shepherd Cook died from wounds received in action while serving with the Fifth Army in Italy in Co. C, 133rd Infantry. Born on Feb. 4, 1924, he’d lived in Evergreen up until he entered the Army in January 1943 and he’d been in Italy since September 1943.
June 3, 1948 - Ed Brown Jr., an ex-Navy pilot, opened the first drive-in, fly-in movie theater, with space for 25 planes, outside Wall Township, New Jersey.
June 3, 1950 – The first successful ascent of an Eight-thousander; the summit of Annapurna was reached by Maurice Herzog and Louis Lachenal.
June 3, 1956 – Red Level, Alabama’s baseball team won their third straight game when they handed Lyeffion their first loss. George Gaston pitched for Red Level, and Lloyd Rodgers hit a home run for Red Level. Lyeffion’s Chester Martin also hit a home run, and Robert Dees took the pitching loss.
June 3, 1956 – Garland’s baseball team beat undefeated Paul, 8-5, on this Sunday afternoon at Garland, Ala. Winston Blackburn pitched for Garland and was relieved by Petty. Godwin pitched for Paul.
June 3, 1956 – The Buck Creek baseball team beat Flat Rock, 8-4.
June 3, 1959 - The first class graduated from the Air Force Academy in Colorado Springs, Colo.
June 3, 1965 - Astronaut Edward White became the first American to spacewalk during the flight of Gemini 4.
June 3, 1969 - The final episode of "Star Trek" aired on NBC.
June 3, 1971 – Thomas Charles Littles of Evergreen, Ala., who was fatally wounded in Vietnam, died from pneumonia in Montgomery, Ala.
June 3, 1971 – Levon McCreary Jr. killed a 4-1/2 foot long rattlesnake at the home of his parents near the Evergreen Heading Co. in Evergreen, Ala. The snake had 16 rattles and a button.
June 3, 1971 – The Evergreen Courant reported that Ardis Garrett, 16, of Uriah, Ala. had been crowned Miss Alabama Teen-Ager at the end of a recent pageant in Birmingham that involved 38 girls from across the state. Garrett was the daughter of former State Rep. and Mrs. W.E. Garrett.
June 3, 1977 - Dr. Clark Smeltzer resigned from the staff of the Conecuh County Hospital in Evergreen, Ala. and ended his practice of medicine in Conecuh County. Smeltzer began his practice in Conecuh County in November 1975 and was for many months the only physician in active practice in the county.
June 3, 1980 - ESPN began televising college world series games.
June 3, 1987 - The Chicago Cubs and Houston Astros combined for three grand slams in one game.
June 3, 1989 - The Houston Astros beat the Los Angeles Dodgers, 5-4. The game lasted 22 innings and took over seven hours to play.
June 3, 1999 – In this day’s edition of the London-Sunday Times, Dr. Bill Gibbons, a zoologist who specializes in attempting to track down new species, said that he is certain that mokele-mbembe exists.
June 3, 2003 - Sammy Sosa of the Chicago Cubs broke a bat when he grounded out against the Tampa Bay Devil Rays. The bat he was using was a corked bat.
June 3, 2010 – Jordan Van der Sloot was charged in the U.S. District Court of Northern Alabama with extortion and wire fraud. U.S. Attorney Joyce Vance obtained an arrest warrant and transmitted it to Interpol. Van der Sloot was indicted on the charges on June 30.
June 3, 2014 – “Forty Times a Killer:: A Novel of John Wesley Hardin” by William W. Johnstone published by Pinnacle. Hardin lived for about 18 months in Pollard, Ala.