Friday, June 19, 2015

Today in History for June 19, 2015

Alexander Cartwright
June 19, 1586 – English colonists left Roanoke Island, after failing to establish England's first permanent settlement in North America.

June 19, 1623 – Mathematician, physicist and religious philosopher Blaise Pascal was born in Clermont-Ferrand, France.

June 19, 1776 - Benedict Arnold notified General Sullivan that his garrison had successfully moved out of Montreal and that they had seized some spirits and molasses in that town.

June 19, 1776 - In Boston Harbor, an armed Connecticut vessel along with several schooners seized two British ships and took 200 sailors and soldiers prisoner.

June 19, 1778 - The Patriots returned to Philadelphia after nine months of British occupation. The British had abandoned the city the previous day.

June 19, 1778 - U.S. General George Washington's troops finally left Valley Forge after a winter of training.

June 19, 1846 – The first officially recorded, organized baseball game was played under Alexander Cartwright's rules on Hoboken, New Jersey's Elysian Fields with the New York Base Ball Club defeating the Knickerbockers, 23-1. Cartwright umpired.

June 19, 1850 - Author Louise Clarke Pyrnelle was born on her father's plantation near Uniontown, Ala.

June 19, 1862 - Union General Henry W. Benham was arrested for the Battle of Secessionville. The attack had not been approved.

June 19, 1862 – The U.S. Congress prohibited slavery in United States territories, nullifying Dred Scott v. Sandford. U.S. President Abraham Lincoln also outlined his Emancipation Proclamation, which outlawed slavery in U.S. territories.

June 19, 1864 – The CSS Alabama, captained by Mobile’s Raphael Semmes, was sunk at the end of a fierce naval engagement with the USS Kearsarge off the coast of Cherbourg, France. The Alabama had docked there for maintenance and repairs after 22 months of destroying northern commerce on the high seas during the Civil War. During its career, the Alabama captured 66 ships and was hunted by more than 20 Federal warships.

June 19, 1865 – Over two years after the Emancipation Proclamation, slaves in Galveston, Texas, United States, were finally informed of their freedom. The anniversary is still officially celebrated in Texas and 41 other contiguous states as Juneteenth.

June 19, 1903 – National Baseball Hall of Fame first baseman Lou Gehrig was born in New York City. He would play his entire career (1923-1939) for the New York Yankees. He was inducted into the Hall of Fame in 1939.

June 19, 1934 - The U.S. National Archives and Records Administration was established.

June 19, 1934 – The Communications Act of 1934 established the United States' Federal Communications Commission (FCC) to regulate radio and TV broadcasting.

June 19, 1943 - The National Football League approved the merger of the Philadelphia Eagles and the Pittsburgh Steelers.

June 19, 1945 – Short-story writer and memoirist Tobias Wolff, best known for his memoir, “This Boy’s Life,” was born in Birmingham, Ala.

June 19, 1945 - Author Paul Allen was born in Selma, Ala.

June 19, 1945 – Music journalist and cultural critic Greil Marcus was born in San Francisco.

June 19, 1947 – Novelist Salman Rushdie was born in Bombay (now Mumbai), India.

June 19, 1961 – Kuwait declared complete independence from the United Kingdom.

June 19, 1964 – The final episode of the TV show, “The Twilight Zone,” aired on CBS after a five-year run. The iconic series, hosted by Rod Serling (who wrote 92 of its episodes) was known for using sci-fi to relay strong social commentary. The Twilight Zone had a healthy afterlife in syndication, and spawned two TV remakes, and a feature film.

June 19, 1964 – The Civil Rights Act of 1964 was passed by the U.S. Senate.

June 19, 1972 - The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that the anti-trust exemption that major league baseball uses was Constitutional. The court called upon the U.S. Congress to repeal the sport's special status.

June 19, 1973 - Pete Rose of the Cincinnati Reds got his 2,000th career hit.

June 19, 1981 - "Superman II" set the all-time, one-day record for theater box-office receipts when it took in $5.5 million.

June 19, 1989 - The movie "Batman" premiered.

June 19, 1999 - Stephen King was struck from behind by a mini-van while walking along a road in Maine.

June 19, 2007 – Tuscaloosa, Ala. native Andy Phillips was called up to the New York Yankees after Josh Phelps was designated for assignment. Throughout the 2007 season, Phillips became an important part of the team as a result of injuries to first baseman Jason Giambi and Doug Mientkiewicz. Due to these injuries, Phillips found himself used in the role of primary first baseman for the Yankees.

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