Thursday, June 4, 2015

Today in History for June 4, 2015

CSA General Richard Ewell
June 4, 1754 - Lieutenant Colonel George Washington began building Fort Necessity.

June 4, 1800 – Gov. Winthrop Sargent of the Mississippi Territory created all the territorial lands into one county, which he called Washington, and McIntosh Bluff, 40 miles north of Mobile on the Tombigbee River, was selected as the first county seat.

June 4, 1812 – Following Louisiana's admittance as a U.S. state, the Louisiana Territory was renamed the Missouri Territory.

June 4, 1816 – “The Washington” was launched at Wheeling, W.V. It was the first stately, double-decker steamboat.

June 4, 1825 – During his tour of the United States, the Marquis de Lafayette gave a speech at the Eagle Tavern, Lafayette Square, Buffalo. Lafayette followed part of the route of the still-uncompleted Erie Canal from Buffalo across New York.

June 4, 1862 - Confederate forces slip out of Fort Pillow, Tenn., a key stronghold on the Mississippi River, and Corinth, Miss., clearing the way for the Union capture of Memphis.

June 4, 1862 – During the Civil War, skirmishes were fought at Woodville and Huntsville, Ala.

June 4, 1863 - Confederate General Robert E. Lee continued to mobilize his army for an invasion of Pennsylvania. Lee sent Richard Ewell's corps toward the Shenandoah Valley.

June 4, 1868 - Benjamin Faneuil Porter, a doctor and lawyer who lived in Claiborne for about six years, before becoming a state legislator, judge and Mayor of Greenville, died of heart failure in Greenville and was buried at Pioneer Cemetery in Greenville, Ala.

June 4, 1887 – Rube Burrow, who would rob a train at Flomaton, Ala. and eventually get gunned down in Linden, Ala., and his gang committed their third train robbery at Mary’s Creek near Benbrook, Texas, robbing the eastbound Texas & Pacific train from El Paso around 7:45 p.m.

June 4, 1896 – Henry Ford completed the Ford Quadricycle, his first gasoline-powered automobile, and gives it a successful test run in Detroit, Mich.

June 4, 1914 – W.B. Coker, who lived north of Evergreen, Ala., plucked Conecuh County’s first cotton bloom.

June 4, 1917 – The first Pulitzer Prizes were awarded: Laura E. Richards, Maude H. Elliott and Florence Hall received the first Pulitzer for biography (for “Julia Ward Howe”). Jean Jules Jusserand received the first Pulitzer for history for his work “With Americans of Past and Present Days.” Herbert B. Swope received the first Pulitzer for journalism for his work for the “New York World.”

June 4, 1918 - A “white boy” was killed by the train at Sparta, Ala. “His head was cut off and the body otherwise mangled.”

June 4, 1918 – During World War I, Army Pvt. Eddie C. Smith of Florala, Ala. “died from disease.”

June 4, 1919 – The U.S. Congress approved the 19th Amendment to the United States Constitution, which guaranteed suffrage to women, and sent it to the U.S. states for ratification. Women across America voted in their first national election in November of 1920.

June 4, 1940 – During World War II, the Dunkirk evacuation ended. British forces completed the evacuation of 338,000 troops from Dunkirk in France. To rally the morale of the country, Winston Churchill delivered his famous "We shall fight on the beaches" speech.

June 4, 1942 – During World War II, the Battle of Midway began. The Japanese Admiral Chūichi Nagumo ordered a strike on Midway Island by much of the Imperial Japanese Navy.

June 4, 1940 - Forbes Field hosted its first night game. The Pirates beat the Braves, 14-2.

June 4, 1940 - Sportsman's Park hosted its first night game. It was the first National League game to be played at night. The Dodgers beat the Cardinals, 10-1.

June 4, 1941 – The “first rain in nearly two months” fell on this Wednesday in Evergreen, Ala., the “few glittering drops” providing a “slight break in the drought.” It was the first significant rain in Evergreen since April 15.

June 4, 1964 - Sandy Koufax threw his third career no-hitter.

June 4, 1968 - Don Drysdale of the Los Angeles Dodgers pitched his sixth consecutive shutout.

June 4, 1971 - The Oakland A's beat the Washington Senators, 5-3. The game took 21 innings.

June 4, 1971 – For one day only, a “valuable collection of authentic Western relics” was put on display at the Conecuh County Library in Evergreen, Ala., courtesy of C.L. Rogers.

June 4, 1972 – Horror writer Joe Hill was born Joseph Hillstrom King in Hermon, Maine.

June 4, 1973 - Alabama author Arna Bontemps died in Nashville, Tenn.

June 4, 1974 - A radio version of Alabama author Ambrose Bierce's story "An Occurrence at Owl Creek Bridge" was broadcast as part of the series “The CBS Radio Mystery Theatre.

June 4, 1974 - The Cleveland Indians had "Ten Cent Beer Night." Due to the drunken and unruly fans, the Indians forfeited to the Texas Rangers.

June 4, 1974 - The NFL granted the Seattle Seahawks franchise.

June 4, 1974 - Hank Aaron set a National League record when he hit his 16th career grand slam.

June 4, 1984 - Bruce Springsteen released his "Born in the U.S.A." album.

June 4, 1985 - The U.S. Supreme Court upheld a lower court ruling striking down an Alabama law that provided for a daily minute of silence in public schools.

June 4, 1989 – New York Yankee Deion Sanders hit his first Major League home run. Batting leadoff for the first time because Rickey Henderson took the day off, Sanders – known more for his speed – ripped a 1-0 pitch down the right-field line in Milwaukee for his first MLB homer. The 21-year-old phenom, just months shy of making his pro football debut that fall, helped the Yankees to a 12-9 win with the blast.

June 4, 1994 - In Kuwait, six men were sentenced to death for plotting to assassinate former U.S. President George Bush.

June 4, 1996 - Eddie Murray hit his 535th double. He moved into 18th on the all-time list by passing Lou Gehrig.

June 4, 1997 - Michael Irvin of the Dallas Cowboys announced that he was putting his NFL career on hold. Irvin later retracted his announcement and returned to the game.

June 4, 1998 – Terry Nichols was sentenced to life in prison for his role in the Oklahoma City bombing.

June 4, 2000 - Fred McGriff of the Tampa Bay Devil Rays got his 2,000th career hit.

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